History of Women's Education in Niger, Pakistan, and the United Kingdom

United Kingdom Events

Emily Davis Begins Working for Admission of Women to Higher Education

1863

Emily Davis, a strong advicator for women to attend universities, begins working for the admission of women to higher education. She advocated for the admission of girls to London University, Oxford and Cambridge. Due to her tireless work, Cambridge started accepting women as "partial" students.

Royal Comission Study Released

1864

This study by the Royal Commission on Secondary Education found a lack of thoroughness and foundation, with a need of organising the women's education system. During the Victorian Era, women mostly got educated by their families - there were not a lot of set up schools, and the ones that were set up for girls did not value the subjects they were teaching for the belief that women should stay in the household.

Cambridge Starts Admitting Girls

1865

Due to the advocating of womens rights activits such as Emely Davis, Cambridge Univeristy starts admitting girls to Cambridge Local Examinations. However, girls are only considered partial university members, with certain aspects of the school being off limits to the students.

Women's Education Union is Formed

1871

In order to protect the rights of women's education, the Womens Education Union is formed.

First Women are Given Degrees by University of Londom

1880

Three women are given degrees by the University of London, the first University to give degrees to women

"Women In Universities" is Published

1896

Emily Davies writes a pamphlet called "Women in Universities of England and Scotland" in which she talks about the need for women's education in the UK.

Sex Disqualification Removal Act is Passed

1919

Due to the success of expaning womens education, the government passed the Sex Disqualification Removal Act, which allowed women to go to school to become lawyers, vets, and civil servents.

Women Are Allowed Full Degrees

1947

Cambridge University becomes the last university to allow women full degrees, marking a success for women's education.

Sex Disqualification Act is Passed

1975

The Sex Disqualification Act is passed, which makes it illegal in the United Kingdom to discriminate against women in education.

Fawcett Society Speech by David Bell

2004

Speech given at the Fawcett Society by David Bell, the Queens chief inspector of schools that highlights some of the many achievements that girls have achieved and shows the improvement that the country has made with women's education

CNN Released New Statistics About Women's Education

2016

CNN releases an article that reports new statistics about women's education, including that women are more likely to go to a university than men and that a baby girl is 75% more likely to go to a university than a newborn boy.

Pakistan Events

Reason For Not Going to School Changed

1980

Research conducted by the Ministry for Women's Development released that it was not cultural reasons for women not going to school (the reason that the ministry thought) but instead a danger to a womens honor and saftey were the main reasons for keeping girls at home.

First Pakistan Reform for Education

1980

Reforms in Pakistan occur to try to get more women in schools. The government provides new schools for girls, as well as hotels near the schools to provide students and their families with secure housing. This helped to boost attendence rates a bit, but there was not a major improvement.

The Taliban Threatens Bombing of Schools

2008

The Taliban, a terrorist group in Pakistan that has taken over many cities in Pakistan, threaten to bomb girls schools unless they are shut down. They Taliban claim that attending school is against Islamic teachings, and that they will kill anyone trying to go to school.

Malala Yousafazi Starts Blogging

2009

11-year-old Malala Yousafazi starts blogging under the pen name Gul Makai about the issues of going to school in Pakistan. This blog catches the world eye, and many people read it and get exposed to the issues of the struggles of womens education in Pakistan.

Peace Treaty Between the Taliban and the Pakistan Government

2009

The Taliban and the Pakistan Government reach a peace treaty. However, this treats is heavily directed in the Taliban's favor by giving them land, putting the Taliban in more power than they were before.

The Taliban Close Schools in Swat Valley

2009

The Taliban close all schools in Swat Valley, a city in Pakistan, showing their power over the native people. However, some girls sneak into school to continue their education, risking their lives for knowledge.

Malala Wins Pakistan's National Youth Peace Prize

2011

Malala Yousafazi wins Pakistans National Youth Peace Prize for her actions to the cause of women's education. She gains attention nationally. In the same year, it is exposed that she is the annomus writer, and in responce to her fame and national reconition against their principles, the Tlaiban leaders vote to kill her.

Right to be Free and Compulsory Education Act is Passed

2012

Weeks after the assassination attempt on Malala, over 3 million people sign a right to education petition and the National Assembly ratified the first "Right to be Free and Compulsory Education Bill", guaranteeing free education for all children between the ages of 5-16 in Pakistan.

Malala Yousafazi is Shot by the Taliban

2012

Malala Yousafazi is show in an attempted assassination attempt by the Taliban on her way to school. She survives, as well as the other 2 girls injured. This causes worldwide condemnation of the Taliban all across Pakistan, as well as shining a spotlight on the struggles of womens education all across the globe.

Malala Named a "Most Influential Person in the World"

2013

Malala is named as one of TIME Magazines Most Infuencial People in the World list.

Girls Defy Taliban and Go to School

2013

An article is released that found that ever since the assassination attempt on Malala Yousafzai, there has been an increase of girls wanting to go to school, defying the Taliban to do so.

"I Am Malala" Released.

2013

Malala Yousafazi releases her autobiography "I am Malala". Giving readers a glimpse into her life, it instantly was a bestseller. It also provided readers with a view of the struggles that girls in Pakistan still face by going to school.

Malala Fund is Created

2013

The Malala Fund, a non-profit organisation dedicated to building schools around the world for children, is created by Malala Yousafazi and her father.

Malala Gives Speech to UNICEF

2013

Malala makes a moving speech on her 16th birthday at the United Nations Youth Assembly and spoke of the need for education of all children not only in Pakistan but all over the world. This got her worldwide reconition, as well as made more people aware of the issue.

Pakistan Government Expresses Commitment to Education

2015

The Pakistan Government expresses its commitment to promote education and literacy in the country by educating more people at the domestic level as well as getting involved in international commitments to education.

Increase in Women's Education

2016

A study is released by Alif Ailaan District Education that shows an increase of 1.67% in Pakistans overall education score.

Niger Events

University of Niamey is Formed

1974

The University of Niamey is formed. It is the first University in Niger. It is unknown if women were allowed to attend.

Niger Joins the Fast Track Inatative

2002

Niger joins the Fast Track Initiative, which shows support for womens education around the globe, and continues to show commitment to education for everyone.

Niger Misses the Mark for Primary Education

2005

Niger is unable to meet the 2005 target for gender parity in Primary Education, setting it behind other countries.

Restoration of Schools by UNICEF

2007

UNICEF restores schools in Niger. A common concern for parents sending their girls to school was the condition of the school buildings. The Niger government called in UNICEF to help rebuild those schools, reassuring parents that their children will be safe.

"Rhetoric vs Reality" Is Published

2008

An article is released by Kate Greany called "Rhetoric vs Reality", exploring girls education in Niger and letting the world know about the problems and concerns with women's education in Niger and how we can fix it.

Niger Ranked One of the Worst

2011

A United Nations study ranks Niger's education 176th out of 179th, one of the worst in the world.

UN Signs On To Niger 10-Year-Plan

2013

The UN signs onto the partnership framework in support of Nigers 10 year education plan, a plan to help girls get back into schooling and to obtain an education that will provide them with the skills to handle work in their society and in their home.

GDP Towards Education Released

2014

Niger releases that it spends 6.8% of its total GDP towards education. Its budget is higher than other countries surrounding it, a sign of Niger's dedication to women's education.

Mercy Coups Launches SAFE Program

2015

Mercy Corps launches it's SAFE (Supporting adolescent girls future through second chance education) program, helping girls from vunlerable households re-enter the education system.

Education Proved to Reduce Child Brides

2016

An Article is released that shows evidence of education being linked to the prevention of child brides.