Civil War Battles

Events

Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861

The confederacy fired at Fort Sumter. Fort Sumter kept getting restocked with the Union’s supplies and this made the Confederacy angry. The Civil War begins.

First Battle of Bull Run

July 21, 1861

Took place between Richmond and Washington D.C. Many government officials and spectators came to observe the battle, they even packed lunches! The union forces lost and were forced to retreat.

Battle of Shiloh

April 6, 1862

Took place in Shiloh, Tennessee. Just as the northerners were shocked during the First Battle of Bull Run, so were the southerners during the Battle of Shiloh. Tens of thousands of men died and the confederacy lost the war.

Battle of Antietam

September 17, 1862

‘’Robert E. Lee made an aggressive push into the border states to try to defeat the union on its own turf.’’ Lee’s army met George McClellan's troops at the battle of Antietam which resulted in 23,000 casualties, the most casualties in a war in a single day. ‘’Lee was forced to retreat back to the Confederate Territory.’’

Battle of Fredericksburg

December 13, 1862

Took place in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Commanded by General Ambrose Burnside of the north and Robert E Lee in the south was one of the greatest confederate victories. There was over 18,000 casualties.

Battle of Vicksburg

May 18, 1863

Took place in Mississippi. At the same time Lee was losing in the north and Ulysses Grant was taking over the city of Vicksburg. There was 35,000 casualties(most were confederate troops) and the major battle of Vicksburg gave the union control on the Mississippi River.

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863

It took place in Pennsylvania. Lee marched into northern territory in the summer of 1863. At the end of a bloody 3 day struggle more than 50,000 died. Lee was forced to retreat. The battle was an impressive victory for the north and catastrophic for the south.

Battle of Appomattox Station and Courthouse

April 9, 1865

Took place in Appomattox Station in Virginia. This battle was the last fought by Robert E. Lee and his army. Lee met with Ulysses Grant to surrender his army. 500 were killed and over 27,000 surrendered. The Union wins the Civil War.