Humanities Exam


Treaty of Versailles

June 28, 1919

The Treaty of Versailles is signed by Germany and the Allied powers, ending World War 1.

Kapp Putsch

March 1920

Hitler becomes leader of the Nazi Party


Mussolini and his fascists take power in Italy


The Munich Putsch

November 1923

Hitler's first attempt to seize power in Germany is unsuccessful.

The Nazis win only 3% of votes in German elections


The New York Stock Exchange crashes

October 29, 1929

The New York Stock Exchange crashes, leading to the Great Depression.

Japan invades Manchuria

September 18, 1931

Hitler becomes the Chancellor of Germany

30 January 1933

The Enabling Act

23 March 1933

The Enabling Act of 1933 gives Hitler dictatorial powers and his government the power to make laws and change the constitution.

Germany leaves the League of Nations

October 19, 1933

Italy invades Abyssinia

5 December 1934

Germany announces rearmament and conscription

March 1935

German troops re-enter the Rhineland

7 March 1936

The Spanish Civil War begins

17 July 1936

Italy and Germany become allies in the Spanish Civil War.

Germany and Japan become allies

November 25 1936

Japan invades China

July 7, 1937

Indigenous Australians proclaim the 150th anniversary of settlement a "Day of Mourning"

26 January 1938

Germany occupies Austria

12 March 1938

Munich Conference

September 29, 1938

Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland was permitted.

The Child Welfare Act 1939


This provided Indigenous parents to contest the removal of their children. However, many Children's Courts were located far from Indigenous communities.

Germany occupies Czechoslovakia

March 15 1939

Italy invades Albania

April 1939

The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact is signed

August 23, 1939

Germany invades Poland

1 September 1939

Britain and France declare war on Germany

September 3 1939

Germany overruns Norway and Denmark

April 1940

Germany overruns Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and France

May 1940

Italy enters WW2 on the Axis side

June 10, 1940

The Battle of Britain

July 10, 1940 - October 31, 1940

The Battle of Britain prevents a German invasion of Britain.

British and Australian forces defeat Italians in North Africa

December 1940

Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece

April 1941

Germany invades the USSR

22 June 1941

Japan attacks Pearl Harbor

7 December 1941

Japan attacks British Malaya

8 December 1941

Japanese advance in South-East Asia and the Pacific


Germans are defeated at El Alamein

5 November 1942

Russians defeat Germans at Stalingrad

2 February 1943

Japan are forced back in the Pacific


'D-Day' landings begin

6 June 1944

After the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord, the Allies advance towards Germany.

Arthur Calwell becomes immigration minister


Germany surrenders

May 7 1945

US drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

August 1945

Japan surrenders

September 1945

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

December 10, 1948

The Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme


60,000 immigrants from 30 European nations are employed in this project.

Rosa Parks Bus Boycott

1 December 1955

The dictation test is abolished


The Freedom Ride


Charles Perkins organised the Freedom Ride of 1965, inspired by similar civil rights action in America.

Wave Hill Strike


Indigenous workers walk off Vestey's cattle station at Wave Hill, demanding better pay and conditions.

Migration is offered to non-Europeans


The 1967 Referendum

27 May 1967

In a national referendum, 90% of voters vote for Indigenous Australians to be included in the census and recognised as Australian citizens.

South African Springboks tour 'down under'


Anti-apartheid demonstrators protest at the matches of South Africa's national Rugby Union team.

The Bonegilla Reception and Training Centre closes


The 1901 White Australia Policy is abolished


The White Australia Policy is finally abolished by the Whitlam Labor government.

The Racial Discrimination Act 1975


The Racial Discrimination Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of colour, descent, ethnicity or religion.

The Galbally Report


The Fraser government issued a report outlining key strategies to promote multiculturalism.

The Mabo decision

3 June 1992

The High Court of Australia recognises Indigenous native title for the first time in the Eddie Mabo case.

The Native Title Act 1993

24 December 1993

The 'Tampa' Incident

August 2001

A Norwegian cargo vessel, the 'Tampa', rescued refugees from their sinking fishing vessel. The government refused to allow the 'Tampa' to enter Australian borders and encouraged rumours that the refugees threw their children overboard.