The Treaty of Versailles is signed by Germany and the Allied powers, ending World War 1.
Hitler becomes leader of the Nazi Party
Mussolini and his fascists take power in Italy
The Munich Putsch
Hitler's first attempt to seize power in Germany is unsuccessful.
The Nazis win only 3% of votes in German elections
The New York Stock Exchange crashes
October 29, 1929
The New York Stock Exchange crashes, leading to the Great Depression.
Japan invades Manchuria
September 18, 1931
Hitler becomes the Chancellor of Germany
30 January 1933
The Enabling Act
23 March 1933
The Enabling Act of 1933 gives Hitler dictatorial powers and his government the power to make laws and change the constitution.
Germany leaves the League of Nations
October 19, 1933
Italy invades Abyssinia
5 December 1934
Germany announces rearmament and conscription
German troops re-enter the Rhineland
7 March 1936
The Spanish Civil War begins
17 July 1936
Italy and Germany become allies in the Spanish Civil War.
Germany and Japan become allies
November 25 1936
Japan invades China
July 7, 1937
Indigenous Australians proclaim the 150th anniversary of settlement a "Day of Mourning"
26 January 1938
Germany occupies Austria
12 March 1938
September 29, 1938
Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland was permitted.
The Child Welfare Act 1939
This provided Indigenous parents to contest the removal of their children. However, many Children's Courts were located far from Indigenous communities.
Germany occupies Czechoslovakia
March 15 1939
Italy invades Albania
The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact is signed
August 23, 1939
Germany invades Poland
1 September 1939
Britain and France declare war on Germany
September 3 1939
Germany overruns Norway and Denmark
Germany overruns Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and France
Italy enters WW2 on the Axis side
June 10, 1940
The Battle of Britain
July 10, 1940 - October 31, 1940
The Battle of Britain prevents a German invasion of Britain.
British and Australian forces defeat Italians in North Africa
Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece
Germany invades the USSR
22 June 1941
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
7 December 1941
Japan attacks British Malaya
8 December 1941
Japanese advance in South-East Asia and the Pacific
Germans are defeated at El Alamein
5 November 1942
Russians defeat Germans at Stalingrad
2 February 1943
Japan are forced back in the Pacific
'D-Day' landings begin
6 June 1944
After the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord, the Allies advance towards Germany.
Arthur Calwell becomes immigration minister
May 7 1945
US drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
December 10, 1948
The Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme
60,000 immigrants from 30 European nations are employed in this project.
Rosa Parks Bus Boycott
1 December 1955
The dictation test is abolished
The Freedom Ride
Charles Perkins organised the Freedom Ride of 1965, inspired by similar civil rights action in America.
Migration is offered to non-Europeans
Wave Hill Strike
Indigenous workers walk off Vestey's cattle station at Wave Hill, demanding better pay and conditions.
The 1967 Referendum
27 May 1967
In a national referendum, 90% of voters vote for Indigenous Australians to be included in the census and recognised as Australian citizens.
The Bonegilla Reception and Training Centre closes
South African Springboks tour 'down under'
Anti-apartheid demonstrators protest at the matches of South Africa's national Rugby Union team.
The 1901 White Australia Policy is abolished
The White Australia Policy is finally abolished by the Whitlam Labor government.
The Racial Discrimination Act 1975
The Racial Discrimination Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of colour, descent, ethnicity or religion.
The Galbally Report
The Fraser government issued a report outlining key strategies to promote multiculturalism.
The Mabo decision
3 June 1992
The High Court of Australia recognises Indigenous native title for the first time in the Eddie Mabo case.
The Native Title Act 1993
24 December 1993
The 'Tampa' Incident
A Norwegian cargo vessel, the 'Tampa', rescued refugees from their sinking fishing vessel. The government refused to allow the 'Tampa' to enter Australian borders and encouraged rumours that the refugees threw their children overboard.