all the slaves in rebellious states are free and that any black man willing to enlist in army was welcome
DR says the victory at Antietam gave him the political leeway to do this
(DR says with armies losing would seem like desperation, victory at Antietam solved this)
Lincoln personally hated slavery but his aim was to keep the union not end it
To keep the union he needed to conciliate the border states e.g. his birthplace Kentucky
Lincoln’s ideal solution was to end slavery but keep America white
but Failure to win quick war strengthened case for radical policies
Reconciliation no longer possible- most northerners felt to win they needed to conquer south- the 4 million slaves could be v important
Encouraging them to escape
Or going a step further and enlisting them to fight
DR says about slaver in south during war:
"While many white men went off to war slavery crumbled behind them"
With “massa” gone it was difficult for the wives to keep the slaves in place
Example of slave being told he would be whipped, walks away.
Slaves sabotaged equipment quietly
Slave labour essential for southern economy but it was no longer working
"Many slaves fled to union lines"
Davis uses this to say that the South had a right to secede
Blacks couldn't live off their own, crime against them
From then on said any captured union officer would be hanged (like John Brown)
backlash against proc. in Midwest + border states
soldiers deserted "in hundreds"
(but not really a break from the past -> didn't apply to loyal Missouri, only rebellious states)
Black leaders e.g. F Douglas saw as turning point -> called for black men to enlist