On August 3, 1492, Columbus and his crew set sail from Spain in three ships: the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. On October 12, the ships made landfall–not in Asia, as Columbus assumed, but on one of the Bahamian islands. For months, Columbus sailed from island to island in what we now know as the Caribbean, looking for the “pearls, precious stones, gold, silver, spices, and other objects and merchandise whatsoever” that he had promised to his Spanish patrons, but he did not find much
The battles of Lexington and Concord were the first battles of the American Revolution, a conflict that would escalate from a colonial uprising into a world war that, seven years later, would give birth to the independent United States of America.
the statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at the Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with the Kingdom of Great Britain, regarded themselves as thirteen newly independent sovereign states, and no longer under British rule
negotiation between the United States and Great Britain, which ended the revolutionary war and recognized American independence. The Continental Congress named a five-member commission to negotiate a treaty-John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, and Henry Laurens.
a compromise was reached under which Massachusetts and other states would agree to ratify the document with the assurance that amendments would be immediately proposed. The Constitution was thus narrowly ratified in Massachusetts, followed by Maryland and South Carolina. New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify the document, and it was subsequently agreed that government under the U.S. Constitution would begin on March 4, 1789.
a land deal between the United States and France, in which the U.S. acquired approximately 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15 million
Lewis an Clark led an expedition through the uncharted American interior to the Pacific. They braved dangerous waters and harsh weather and endured hunger, illness, injury, and fatigue. Along the way, Lewis kept a detailed journal and collected samples of plants and animals he encountered.
Began due to an assault on Fort Sumter by Confederate Forces. It remains the deadliest war in American History, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 750,000 soldiers and an underdetermined number of civilian casualties
Was the first device that allowed voice to be heard over long distances. It started off as an improvement on the telegram that would allow multiple messages to be sent, and it fairly quickly eliminated the telegraph
Before, the electric light came out in 1879, people used to sleep for 10 hours every night. in the ensuing 100 years, people have gradually reduced the amount of time they sleep by 20%
Generally regarded as the first affordable automobile, the car that opened travel to the common middle class american.
The US entered the war for a multitude of reasons including, unrestricted submarine warfare, the Zimmerman notes, National self interest, and moral responsibility.
The first feature length motion picture with synchronized dialogue sequences, its release heralded the commercial ascendance of the "talkies" and the decline of the silent film era.
was supposed to occur after Japan had declared war but due to complications became a surprise attack. It was considered an act of war, and forced the US into WWII.
Two nuclear bombs were dropped, one on Hiroshima and the other on Nagasaki. The US, in the Postdam Declaration threatened Japan with "prompt and utter destruction" if the refused to surrender.
This began the space race between the US and the Soviets. This lasted until 1975, when the Apollo-Soyuz human spaceflight mission concluded.
Kenndedy's administration contributed to the peaceful resolution of the Cuban Missile Crisis and refrained from further escalation of the 1961 Berlin Crisis. In 1961 Kennedy initiated the creation of Peace Corps.
The US got involved due to containment: to stop the spread of communism. In this case of South Vietnam. Turned out to be one of the costliest wars in terms of lives loss and resources spent.
Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin land on the the moon, becoming the first men in history to do so. Effectively ended the space race with a victory for the US.
Helped revitalize the US video game industry following the video game crash of 1983.