Lewis-Clark and Tecumseh Timelines

US History

First U.S. standing army formed - to fight Indians

January 1792

First American standing army, formed after the Revolutionary war, for the express purpose of waging war on Native Americans and their confederacies. Called "Legion of the United States" and built on Roman legionary model.

5,120 total strength. Composed of four sub-legions, each commanded by a lieutenant colonel. Sub-legions were self-contained units with two battalions of infantry, a rifle battalion (light infantry skirmishers armed with Pennsylvania long rifles to screen the infantry), a troop of dragoons and a battery of artillery.

A response to St. Clair's defeat and the inadequacy of State Militias.

Kentucky becomes U.S. State

June 1, 1792

Cotton Gin invented

1793

Battle of Fallen Timbers (US win)

August 20, 1794

US army met the Indians in the forest near present-day Toledo, Ohio. After a short, pitched battle, the Indians realized they were up against a superior force and ran. Prior, US had seized and fortified every significant portage point and river junction in the territory. Realizing this, the British closed off Fort Detroit and let the US cut down the retreating Indians.

Tennessee becomes a State

June 1, 1796

John Adams sworn in as President

March 4, 1797

Napoleon takes power in France

November 9, 1799

U.S. Capitol moved to DC

June 15, 1800

Spain cedes Louisiana to France

1 October 1800

Third Treaty of San Ildefonso

Harrison appointed Governor of Indiana

January 10, 1801

President Jefferson Sworn In

March 4, 1801

James Monroe sent to France to negotiate LA purchase

January 1802

British begin to impress US sailors

1803

Marbury v. Madison

February 24, 1803

Ohio Statehood

March 1, 1803

Louisiana Purchase

July 4th, 1803

Lewis and Clark Expedition

May 14, 1804 - September 23, 1806

Jefferson puts embargo on British

June 1807

US ship Chesapeake is shot at by British

June 1807

Madison sworn in as President

March 3 1809

Treaty of Fort Wayne

September 30 1809

William Henry Harrison signs treaty with various Indian tribes for Illinois and parts of Indiana.

First steamboat to successfully sail Mississippi

September 1811

Great Comet of 1811

October 1811

Battle of Tippecanoe (US win)

November 7, 1811

General Harrison leads an army to Prophets town for "peace envoy." Nervous, the Prophet orders pre-emptive attack. Fails to defeat Harrison, retreats. Harrison burns down Prophetstown.

New Madrid earthquakes

December 16 1811

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

US declares war on Great Britain

June 18 1812

US invade Canada

July 1812

Surrender of Ft. Detroit (Canada invasion fails)

August 16 1812

Battle of Queenston Heights (US loss)

13 October 1812

US invade across Niagra river but are stopped. Major General Isaac Brock of the British is killed.

Raisin River Massacre

January 1813

U.S. Troops burn city of York in Canada

April 1813

Siege of Fort Meigs (US defeat)

May 1813

Jackson's Creek war begins

August 30, 1813

Cpt. Perry defeats British on Lake Erie

September 1813

British burn DC

August 24, 1814

Francis Scott-Key writes "Star Spangled Banner"

September 13, 1814

Treaty of Ghent ends war

December 24, 1814

Battle of New Orleans (US win)

January 8, 1815

Lewis and Clark

Clark joins US Army as Lieutenant

March 1792

William Clark join's what is now referred to as "Wayne's Legion" to fight Indians on frontier.

First Crossing of North America (in Canada)

10 October 1792 - 20 July 1793

Alexander Mackenzie, a Scottish explorer, travels from Alberta territory over Rockies, and to Pacific Ocean at B.C.

Lewis is court-martialed

November 6, 1795

Meriwether Lewis gets in drunken altercation with a Lieutenant on September 24th, 1795. He is court-martialed on November 6th.

Clark resigns from Army

July 4 1796

Jefferson meets with Lewis about future expedition

June 1802

Jefferson asks Congress to fund Western expedition

January 18 1803

Lewis begins outfitting

March 16, 1803

At armory in Harper's Ferry.

Lewis recruits Clark for expedition

June 19 1803

Lewis departs DC for St. Louis

July 5, 1803

Clark meets up with Lewis in IN

October 14 1803

Lewis finally meets up with Clark in Indiana after writing recruitment letter to him on June 19th.

Lewis and Clark visit Daniel Boone in Missouri

May 1804

Lewis and Clark start Expedition

May 14, 1804

Meriwether Lewis and William Clark set out on their Louisiana Expedition from St. Louis Missouri.

Reach Kansas

June 26, 1804

Pvt. Reed is lashed for desertion

August 18, 1804

Private Moses Reed deserts camp on August 3rd, 1804. Drouillard brings him back to camp on August 18. He stands trial and is sentences to 500 lashes.

Sgt. Charles Floyd dies

August 20, 1804

Of burst appendix. Only death of the expedition.

Expedition reaches North Dakota, build Ft. Mandan for winter

November 3, 1804

Expedition reaches "End of the Known World" at the end of the Missouri River in modern day North Dakota, builds Fort Mandan.

Charbonneau and Sacagawea hired

November 4, 1804

Sacagawea gives birth

February 11, 1805

Corps of Discovery leaves Ft. Mandan

April 7, 1805

Lewis kills first grizzly bear

May 5, 1805

Expedition reaches Rocky Mountains

August 1805

Expedition negotiates horses from Shoshone

August 17 1805

A council meets with the Shoshone, during which Sacagawea learns the fate of her family and reveals that Cameahwait is her brother. Lewis and Clark successfully negotiate for horses for passage over the Rocky Mountains. They buy 29 horses for packing or eating with uniforms, rifles, powder, balls, and a pistol. They also hire Shoshone guide Old Toby.

Expedition crosses Bitterroot Mountains

9/1/1805 - 10/6/1805

Lewis and Clark reach the Pacific Ocean

November 15, 1805

Ft. Clatsop is built in Oregon

December 30 1805

Lewis and Clark depart for home

March 22 1806

Lewis explores Yellowstone

3 July 1806

Pike Expedition

July 15 1806 - July 1 1807

Explores south-west area of Louisiana Purchase

Corps of Discovery arrive back in St. Louis

September 23 1806

Lewis appointed Governor of Lousiana Territory

March 3 1807

Charbonneau and Sacagawea settle in MO

1809

Meriwether Lewis commits suicide

October 11 1809

William Clark becomes Governor of Missouri

July 1 1813

Tecumseh

St. Clair's Defeat (Native win)

November 4, 1792

American militia are wiped out in large pitched battle with Shawnee / Delaware army. Largest Indian victory of US forces

Native Defeat at Fallen Timbers (US win)

August 20 1794

United States defeats Tecumseh and the Northwest Confederacy at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. William Henry Harrision leads the US army, William Clark is present.

Treaty of Greenville

August 3 1795

Treaty of Greenville is negotiated between the United States and all of the Indian tribes of the area. Tecumseh refuses to attend.

Smallpox Outbreak in Shawnee Tribe

June 1804 - 1805

Tecumseh's brother has first vision

May 1805

Tenskwatawa has his first vision, becoming "The Prophet" instead of just "Noisy Rattle."

The Prophet correctly predicts solar eclipse

June 16 1806

Prophetstown is founded

1808

British Meet Tecumseh at Fort Malden

June 13 1808

Tecumseh establishes Tribal Confederacy

1809

Start of "Tecumseh's War"

August 1810

In response to Treaty of Ft. Wayne, Tecumseh begins hostilities against white settlers.

Techumseh confronts William Henry Harrison

August 15 1810

In August 1810, Tecumseh led four hundred armed warriors from Prophetstown to confront Harrison at his Vincennes home, Grouseland.

Tecumseh met with Indiana Governor William Henry Harrison to demand the rescission of land purchase treaties the US had forced on the Shawnee and other tribes. Harrison refused.

Tecumseh rides across Ohio to band together warriors

September 1811

Tecumseh delivers "Earthquake" speech

September 1811

Tecumseh takes Great Comet of 1811 as good omen

October 1811

Prophetstown destroyed

November 7, 1811

New Madrid earthquakes

December 16, 1811

Tecumseh/British Alliance defeats US at Ft. Detroit

August 16, 1812

Isaac Brock (Tecumseh's British Ally) Killed

October 13 1812

Isaac Brock, Tecumseh's British ally who advocated him as equal party in the war, is killed in Battle of Queenston Heights. Without Brock, the British leave Tecumseh out to dry.

Tecumseh stops slaughter of prisoners at Ft. Meigs

9 May 1813

Tecumseh is killed at Battle of the Thames

October 5 1813