World History Project

Events

Mesopotamia

3500 B.C.

Mesopotamia was the first river valley civilization and many inventions were created during this time.

Egypt Pharaoh Menes

3100 B.C.

Egypt was ruled by Pharaoh Menes and he had brought together the upper and lower kingdoms under one rule.

Egypt

3100 BC

Egypt depended heavily on the Nile River due to the fact that this civilization was based on agriculture and the Nile provided the soil with rich nutrients.

First Wheel

3000 BC

The first wheel was used and created in Mesopotamia.

Indus Civilization

2600 BC - 1600 BC

The first Indus Civilization was only first discovered in the 1920s.

Indus Civilization Homes

2600 BC - 1600 BC

Most of the homes that were built during this time were better than the homes that you see in India today.

Indus River Civilization

2500 BC

The Indus River Civilization was mainly based on farming, they had learned from the Mesopotamians and their main crop was cotton.

Shang Dynasty

1750 BC - 1500 BC

This dynasty began along the Yellow River and had developed a system of writing.

Hebrews

1700 BC

The Hebrews had left Mesopotamia to be with their leader, Abraham.

China Civilization

1700 BC

This civilization was built along the Yellow River, and it was yellow due to deposits and clay changing the color.

Powerful Egypt

1570 BC - 1100 BC

This was the most powerful time for Egypt and this was also the time period of the New Kingdom. During this time, Egypt had built an empire and took control of many lands.

Egypt Slavery

1400 BC - 1200 BC

Slavery was very important to the Egyptians, and the pharaohs used Hebrews as their slaves.

Small Kingdoms

1000 BC

Small kingdoms began to become influential after the fall of Egypt and Mesopotamia.

Phoenicia

1000 BC - 800 BC

The small kingdom, Phoenicia was created and this kingdom had created the alphabet instead of using symbols for words.

Hebrew Kingdom

1000 BC

By this time, the Hebrews had their own kingdom, and Jerusalem was their capital city.

Hebrew Writing

900 BC

The Old Testament was written during this time period along with other records of oral traditions.

Archaic Period

800 BC - 500 BC

During this time, the cities were centered around the city-state and were built around hills. The writing system of Ancient Greece was based on the Phoenician Alphabet.

Ancient Greece

800 BC - 31 BC

This was the time period of Ancient Greece.

Civilizations of the Mediterranean World

800 BC - 476 AD

This was the time period of Ancient Rome and Greece.

Siddartha

600 BC - 500 BC

Siddhartha was either born in the 600or the 500s BC and he was born as a prince.

Confucious

551 BC

He was born around 551 BC and worked in a court for almost four years.

Ancient Rome

509 BC - 476 AD

This was the time period of Ancient Rome.

Roman Republic

509 BC - 27 BC

The Roman Republic had representatives for the people governed, and in this system senators were the chosen representatives.

Classical Period

500 BC - 323 BC

During this period, Greece is more intellectual and this is also the time of philosophers and new ideas.

Hellenistic Period

323 BC - 31 BC

During this period, the Greeks have finally figured out that they are not the center of the world and Greek city-states become part of a kingdom.

Aristotle

300 BC - 1800 AD

He was the first to dissect animals and study them, and he also made great advances in science that hadn't changed until the 1800's.

Han Dynasty

206 BC - 220 AD

This dynasty had lasted from 206 BC until 220 AD, after the fall of this dynasty many invaders had entered China.

Tiberius Gracchus

133 BC

During this time, he proposes land reform, gives wheat to the hungry, builds racetracks, and proposes that he should be re-elected.

Julius Caesar

100 BC - 44 BC

He was born into a patrician family and he became the head of the family at the age of sixteen.

Flamen Dialis

84 BC

He was nominated as Jupiter's high priest.

Elected Questor

69 BC

Julias Caesar went to Hispania and was then elected Aedile.

Elected Praetor

63 BC

Julias Caesar was elected Pontifex Maximus which was the chief priest of the Roman Republic.

Julias's Wife

62 BC

His wife holds a festival, and a senator is put on trial for flirting with her. He later divorces his wife because he suspected he cheated on her

Senate

50 BC

Julias Caesar is elected senate and he is accused of treason.

Dictator

48 BC - 46 BC

Caesar was appointed dictatorship and he goes to the Middle East to put down a rebellion.

Elected 4th Term

45 BC

Caesar is elected again and he established a 365 day year and there was an extra day every four years, and he also put his face on coins.

Ides of March

44 BC

Caesar spoke to the senate and a group of senators crowded around him and gave him a petition. He was then stabbed 23 times by more than 60 senators.

Battle of Actium

31 BC

In this battle, Mark Antony kills himself and Cleopatra is captured.

Reign of Augustus

27 BC - 180 AD

This was a time period that had a huge population growth as well as massive trading.

Octavian

27 BC

Octavian changes his name to Caesar Augustus and he then becomes the first Roman Emperor.

Paul of Tarsus

40 AD

He was a Roman citizen who had a vision and he began to preach.

Franks

200

In the 200s, the Franks(which was a German tribe) began moving into the Rhine valley and clashing with the Romans.

Diocletian

286 - 299

He was selected as emperor by the army after the death of a previous emperor. By 299 he had established peace in the empire.

Oracle of Apollo

302 - 303

He couldn't give advice to Diocletian because of the Christians so he issued an Edict against Christians.

Diocletion

304

He started to become very ill and it continued to get worse.

Diocletian

305

He became the first Roman emperor to abdicate.

Diocletian

311

He tended gardens at his palace until he had died in 311, which is suspected as a suicide.

Ends Persecution of Christians

311

Constantine issues the Edict of Milan which ends the persecution of Christians and returns all of their property.

Judge Constatine

316

Constantine acts as a judge in North Africa between sects of Christianity.

Council of Nicaea

325

This was the first council where all of the church leaders came together. They decided when Easter would be and came up with the idea of the Trinity. They also issued the Nicene Creed.

Constantinople

330

Constantine rebuilds the city, Byzantium which he then renames Constantinople.

Theodosius

379 - 395

He was emperor from 379-395 and he made Christianity the official religion of the Empire, and he also started to persecute other religions.

Great Wall of China

400 - 1500

The Great Wall of China was being built during those years, and the wall stretches more than 6000 miles.

Western Roman Empire

476

This empire had fallen to the Visigoths with the fall of the city of Rome.

The Middle Ages

476 AD - 1328 AD

This was the time period of the Middle Ages.

Clovis

481

Clovis became king of one of the tribes and they became the Merovingian Dynasty.

Hon-Shu

500

In the 500s Yamato rulers had extended their control over much of Hon-Shu.

Muhhammad

570

He was born into a poor clan in a ruling tribe in Mecca.

Grand Canal

589

Sui managed to reunite china after the fall of the dynasty and had built the Grand Canal.

Prince Shotuku

593 - 621

This prince had served as a regent from 593 until 621.

Tang Dynasty

618

This dynasty had come to power after defeating the Turkish invaders.

Yathrib

622

Muhammad and his followers had left Mecca and settled in Yathrib.

Allah

630

Muhammad had moved back to Mecca and he destroyed the idols in the Kaaba and rededicated it to the worship of Allah.

Peipen II

687 - 714

He had reunited the Frankish Kingdoms.

Emperor Leo III

726

He had ordered the destruction of icons.

Spanish Moors

732

In 732, the Spanish Moors invaded and Martel's cavalry stopped the Muslim advance.

Pepin Anointed King

751

In 751, Pepin is anointed king and begins the Carolingian dynasty.

Charlemagne

768 - 814

In 768, Charlemagne became king and he ruled for 46 years.

Controversy

787

The pope had gathered all of the bishops to discuss the controversy. They were against the idea of getting rid of icons.

Treaty of Verdun

843

The Treaty of Verdun had ended a 3-year civil war and divided the empire.

Middle Kingdom

870

By 870 the middle kingdom had been divided between eastern and western Kingdoms.

Otto I

936

The feudal lords of Germany elected Otto I as their new king.

Defeating Nobles

951 - 952

Pope John XII asks for help to fight against the nobles and in 952 Otto defeated the nobles and the Pope crowned him emperor of the Romans.

Carolingian Kings

987

In 987, the last Carolingian king had died

Romanesque

1000 - 1150

This was the main art form of the middle ages.

Late Middle Ages

1000 - 1500

This was the time period of the Late Middle Ages.

Edward the Confesser

1042

Danish Kings had died out so Anglo-Saxons chose Edward the Confesser as their king.

Henry III

1046 - 1056

These were the years that King Henry was the King.

Church Splitting

1054

During this time the church had split into two, the east and the west. The churches are still separate today.

Battle of Hastings

1066

In October of 1066, William crossed the English Channel and fought the Battle of Hastings.

Canossa

1077

Henry had traveled through the harsh winter weather to meet Gregory at Canossa and when he arrived, the pope made him wait for 3 days in the cold.

Hein: Japanese Art and Literature

1100

By the 1100s, Hein was the center of Japanese art and literature.

Worms

1122

In 1122 both of the sides had met in the city of Worms which is a city in Germany.

2nd Crusade

1147

This crusade was led by Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany and this was a huge failure.

Hein vs. Minamoto

1150

In the 1150s, two powerful clans went to war with each other for almost 30 years. They had destroyed the land, property, and families were torn apart.

Frederick I

1152 - 1190

From 1152 until 1190 King Frederick had ruled Germany.

Ghengis Khan

1162 - 1227

He was the fiercest Mongol leader and his name mean Universal ruler.

Shoguns

1192

In 1192 the leader of the Minimoto clan had named himself, Shogun, which meant a general who ruled Japan in the emperor's name.

Innocent III

1198 - 1216

He was the strongest medieval pope.

Mongols

1200

In the early 1200s, Ghengis had led the Mongols to capture much of China, Central Asia, and Persia.

Medieval Church

1200

In the early 1200s, the church was the wealthiest institution in Europe.

Franciscans

1209

Saint Francis of Assisi founded the Franciscans in 1209.

Childrens Crusade

1212

This was the time period of the Children's crusade.

Rebellions against John

1215

In 1215, a group of barons rebelled against King John.

Dominicans

1216

Saint Dominic had founded the order of the Dominicans in 1216.

Switzerland

1273

In 1273, the ruler of a small state in Switzerland was elected emperor.

Kublai Khan

1274

In 1274, Kublai Kan attempts to invade Japan but failed.

Mongols Invade Japan

1281

In 1281, the Mongols had tried to invade Japan with two armies, but they had failed due to a storm.

Muslim Capture

1291

The crusades were ended by the Muslim capture of Acre.

Clergy Paying Taxes

1294

King Philip IV of France had ordered the clergy to pay taxes.

The Babylonian Captivity

1309 - 1377

After the death of Boniface, Philip had a French pope elected.

Last Capetian King

1328

During the Hundred Years war, the last Capetian King had died in 1328.

Conflicts between France and Europe

1337 - 1453

During the years 1337 until 1453, there were a series of conflicts between France and England lasting for 116 years.

Plague

1347

In 1347, the Plague had swept through Europe, this was also known as the Black Death.

Renaissance and Reformation

1350 - 1700

This was the time period of the Renaissance and Reformation.

Charles IV

1356

IN 1356, Charles IV tried to regain power and changed the rules so that only seven people elected a new emperor.

Ming Defeating Mongols

1368

The Ming Dynasty had finally defeated the Mongols and attempted to get rid of all Mongol influence.

Improved Wall of China

1400 - 1409

Improvements were made to the wall to help keep the Mongols out.

Exploration and Expansion

1400 - 1800

This was the time period of Exploration and Expansion.

Univerisities

1400

By the end of the 1400s, many universities had opened up in Europe.

Ming Dynasty

1415

In this Dynasty, the Chinese used a compass to navigate their ships, and by 1415 they had reached the middle east.

Council of Constance

1417

The Council of Constance removed the Italian and French popes, one had abdicated and then a new pope waws then elected.

Dauphin's Court

1429

In 1429, Joan had convinced a commander to allow her an escort to visit the Dauphin's Court in Chinon.

Joan Captured

1430

In 1430, Joan of Arc was captured while she was covering a retreat.

Johannes Gutenberg

1450

He had created a moveable printing press.

War of the Roses

1455 - 1485

This was a war for the throne of England. The house of York had challenged the House of Lancaster for the throne of England.

Spain United

1479

Spain became united by Ferdinand and Isabella's marriage.

Princes Illegitimate

1483

In 1483, Parliament declared the Princes illegitimate.

Tower of London

1483

The Princes were placed in the Tower of London

Lancaster defeats York

1485

In 1485, Henry Tudor from the House of Lancaster defeats Richard III of York.

Bartolomeu Dias

1488

In 148, he had sailed around the Cape of Good Hope and found the Indian Ocean.

Maximilian I

1493

He became the first Holy Roman Emperor and he followed family traditions.

John Cabot

1497

In 1497, King Henry VII sent John Cabot exploring.

Colonize England

1500

In the 1500s, Europe had wanted to colonize places that had lots of gold and silver that their home country didn't have.

Commercial Revolution

1500 - 1700

This was the time period in which Europeans made major economic changes.

Monarchs of Europe

1500 - 1800

This was the time of the Monarchs of Europe

Florida

1513

In 1513, Ponce de Leon had discovered Florida.

Portuguese

1514

In 1514, the Portuguese had first reached China.

Ninety-FIve Thesis

1517

Martin Luther had posted the Ninety-Five Thesis on the door of Wittenburg Cathedral.

Cortes Invades

1519

In 1519, Cortes invades Mexico and he conquers the Aztecs.

Pope Leo X

1521

In 1521, Pope Leo X said that Luther was a heretic and excommunicated him.

Counter Reformation

1530

In the 1530s, the Counter-Reformation had begun, and this was the catholic Church's attempt to reform

Pizarro Claims Land

1530

In 1530, Pizarro claims land from Ecuador to Chile for Spain.

Ignatius de Loyola

1534

He founded the Jesuits in 1534.

The Peace of Augsburg

1555

The emperor and the prince signed the Peace of Augsburg which allowed each German ruler to chose the religion for their state.

Trading Station in China

1557

In 1557, the Chinese had finally allowed a trading station, and by doing this, the Portuguese tried to convert the Chinese people.

Spain Takes Over Portugal

1580

In 1580, Spain has taken over Portugal.

Henry IV of France

1589

He becomes the first Bourbon King of France.

British Trading with China

1600 - 1609

In the early 1600s, the British began trading in China. The British were interested in two items, silk, and tea.

English Colonial Expansion

1600 - 1760

This was the time period of the English Colonial Expansion.

Tokugawa Shogunate

1603

In 1603, he became a shoguns, this then began the Tokugawa Shogunate, which meant the Tokugawa family ruled.

Henry IV Killed

1610

In 1610, a fanatic had killed King Henry IV.

Michael Romanov

1613

He was elected Czar in 1613.

King Louis

1617

In 1617, Henry VI's son, Louis had taken control of the government.

Thirty Years War

1618

In 1618, the war began as a rebellion against the Holy Roman Empire and then spread into a war.

Hugenots

1627

In 1627, King Louis attacked the Huguenot towns.

Cardinal Richelieu

1628

In 1628, the Huguenots asked for peace and he took away their ability to have fortified cities.

Japan Banned Guns

1630

In the 1630s Japan was closed off to the rest of the world and they had also banned guns.

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912

The Manchu had conquered Beijing and ruled China from 1644 until 1912.

Renovations of White Tower

1674

During of the Renovations of the White Tower, two skeletons of children were found.

Peter the Great

1679 - 1725

Peter I had become the Czar.

Edict of Nantes

1685

He dissolved the Edict of Nantes which had ended France's policy of religious tolerance.

The Industrial Revolution

1700 - 1900

This was the time period of the Industrial Revolution.

Death of Habsburg Kings

1700

In 1700, the Habsburg King of Spain had died.

Treaty of Utrecht

1713

In 1713, the Treaty of Utrecht was signed, he gave the French American lands to England.

Charles VI Death

1740

in 1740, Charles VI had died and left his lands to his daughter Maria Theresa.

Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

This was a war involving most of Europe that took place in Europe.

The Opium War

1839 - 1842

This was the war between China and Great Britain over tea and opium trading, China had lost to the British miserably.

Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864

This rebellion had weakened the Qing Dynasty and made China weaker to allow more Europeans to enter.

China lost war to Britian

1856

China had lost another war to Britain, which had allowed Britain more ports, land and more trading privileges.

Hundred Days Reform

1898

The emperor of China attempts the Hundred Days Reform, which was changes to make China more modern.

Non-Confucianism

1900

This was the main religion of China until the early 1900s.

Influence in China

1900

In the 1900s, France, Germany, England, Russia, and Japan had large amounts of influence in China.

Sun Yixian

1911

He had led revolts in China.

Foot Binding Illegal

1912

Foot Binding becomes illegal in 1912.

Emperor of China

1912

In February 1912, the Emperor of China had abdicated.

May 4 Movement

1919

On May 4, 1919, students from 13 universities met and had agreed on 5 resolutions.

Chinese Communist Party

1921

In July 1921, the Chinese Communist Party was founded. They were inspired by the Russian Revolution.

Sun Yixian Death

1925

He had died in 1925, and a military commander took leadership of the Nationalists. His name was Chiang-Kai-Shek

End of Execution of Communists.

1927

In 1927, the executions of communists had ended the alliance between the two parties, but it didn't end the communism in China.

Communists Escape

1927

After 1927, communists escape to southwest China and decide to set up their own government.

Forming Chinese Republic

1927

They wanted to eliminate the threat of communism and Chiang had killed large numbers of Chinese communists.

Military in Communism

1930

In the 1930s, Chiang had used the military to try and eliminate communism for good.

Children Skelotons

1933

In 1933, the skeletons that were found in the White Tower were dug up and examined in 1933.

Nationalists Attack

1934

In 1934, Nationalists repeatedly attack the communists which had forced them to flee.

End of Footbinding

1940

In 1940, there was finally an end to footbinding.

Japanese Surrender

1945

In World War II, the truce didn't last beyond the Japanese surrender in 1945. After the surrender, the civil war of China had continued.

Communists defeat Nationalists

1949

In 1949, the communists had finally defeated the Nationalists, and the new republic was led by Mao Zedong.

Communist Allies

1950

In the 1950s, China and the Soviet Union were both communists and allies.

The 5 year plan

1953

in 1953, the communist government introduces the 5 Year Plan. This plan had two goals, to build industry, and land reform.

The Great Leap Forward

1958

Mao had introduced a new five year plan and this one was called the Great Leap Forward.

The Great Leap Forward Failed

1958 - 1960

The Great Leap Forward didn't achieve its goals, it had failed. From 1958-1960, 20 million people had starved to death.

Differences between Countries

1960

In the 1960s, differences between countries became too much and they were no longer friends.

End of Cultural Revolution

1968

The Chinese society was doing poorly and so Mao broke up with the Red Guards and then ended the Cultural Revolution.

Gang of Four

1970

In the late 1970's, the moderates had won control and the Gang of Four was put on trial for their crimes, including treason nd life sentences.

Nixon goes to China

1972

In 1972, President Nixon of the United States visits China.

Mao Zedong Dies

1976

In 1976, Mao passed away and after that, there was a fight as to who would have his power.

U.S. Recognizes China

1979

In 1979, the U.S. finally recognizes China as China and not Taiwan as China.

Fastest Growing Econemy

1980 - 1990

China became one of the fastest growing economies in the world during this time due to new technologies.

U.S. and China Trade Agreements

1980

In the 1980's the United States and China had signed many trade agreements between each other.

Tiananmen Square

1989

In the spring of 1989, hundreds of thousands of pro-democracy demonstrators gathered at Tiananmen Square.

"Tank Man"

1990

Tank Man had blocked an exit for a tank to leave and then mysteriously disappeared. In 1990, a Chinese official had said that Tank Man was never killed.

Hong Kong Returned to China

1997

In 1997, Honk Kong was returned to China from the British.

Kung Yu-jen

2006

He was born in Taipei on January 1, 2006. He is the 80th lineal descendent.

China Hosted Olympics

2008

In summer of 2008, China had hosted the Summer Olympics.