history final

Events

Homestead act

1863

Lincoln's Assassination

1865

US gains Alaska

1867

the United States' acquisition of Alaska from the Russian Empire, by a treaty ratified by the United States Senate, and signed by president Andrew Johnson.

15th Amendment

1870

Standard time

1882

Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced

NAWSA founding

1890

formed to work for women's suffrage in the United States. It was created by the merger of two existing organizations, the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) and the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA).

Ellis island

1892

Between 1892 and 1954, Ellis Island represented America to millions of immigrants, most of them arriving from Europe. It was the most important and the busiest entry to the united states.

Plessy vs. Ferguson

1896

a U.S. Supreme Court case that upheld the rights of states to pass laws allowing or even requiring racial segregation in public and private institutions such as schools, public transportation, restrooms, and restaurants.

USS Maine

1898

the U.S. battleship Maine blew up in Havana Harbor, killing 260 crew members. The episode escalated tensions between the United States and Spain and contributed to the outbreak of the Spanish-American War two months later.

Panama Canal

1903

President Theodore Roosevelt oversaw the realization of a long-term United States goal—a trans-oceanic canal. Throughout the 1800s, American and British leaders and businessmen wanted to ship goods quickly and cheaply between the Atlantic and Pacific coasts and this was finally possible via the panama canal.

FBI

1908

the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is born when U.S. Attorney General Charles Bonaparte orders a group of newly hired federal investigators to report to Chief Examiner Stanley W. Finch of the Department of Justice.

WWI

1914

up until just before the U.S. declared war on April 6th, 1917, the U.S. had desperately tried to stay neutral, but ties to Britain, propaganda, the sinking of ships by German U-boats, and a German attempt in the Zimmermann Note to get Mexico to declare war on the U.S. pushed the U.S. to getting involved.

Long distance telephone

1915

19th amendment

1919

Teapot Dome Scandal

1923

Warren G. Harding transferred supervision of the naval oil-reserve lands from the navy to the Department of the Interior, and secretly granted to Harry F. Sinclair of the Mammoth Oil Company exclusive rights to the Teapot Dome (Wyoming) reserves

Scopes Monkey Trial

1925

American legal case in which a substitute high school teacher, John T. Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which had made it unlawful to teach human evolution in any state-funded school.

Great Depression

1929

The stock market crash was not the sole cause of the Great Depression, but it did act to accelerate the global economic collapse. During it nearly half of America's banks had failed, and unemployment was approaching 15 million people, or 30 percent of the workforce.

Minimum wage

1938

The federal government established a minimum wage in a law called the Fair Labor Standards Act, which also marked the first time that employers were legally required to pay workers overtime for certain jobs. At the time the law passed, the country's first minimum wage was $0.25 per hour (about $4 today)

WWII

1941

The United States entered the war because of the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. The United States had a vested interest in the war in Europe; and had supplied ships to Britain through the Lend Lease Program as the British Navy was America's primary protection from attack in the Atlantic.

Berlin blockade

1948

The Berlin Blockade was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control, so the usa was forced to airlift supplies to west

22nd amendment

1951

Term limits on the president didn't exist until the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution was ratified. This was in response to FDR being elected four times, Congress pushed through the amendment that limited a president to two terms

MLK jr "i had a dream"

1963

This was Martin Luther King's Most Famous Speech. he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" Speech at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.This speech was important because It brought even greater attention to the Civil Rights Movement, which had been going on for many years.

Civil Rights Act

1964

This was the nation's premier civil rights legislation. The Act outlawed discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, required equal access to public places and employment, and enforced desegregation of schools and the right to vote.

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