Rebellion against Manchu dynasty in China, who were politically and culturally embarrassed on the global stage and lost a lot of its ability to self-govern.
Commodore Matthew Perry of the United States Navy sailed into Tokyo harbor. Perry, on behalf of the U.S. government, forced Japan to enter into trade with the United States and demanded a treaty permitting trade and the opening of Japanese ports to U.S. merchant ships.
British rule on the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947. The system of governance was instituted in 1858 when the rule of the East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria.
The Boxer Rebellion was an anti-colonial and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901, towards the end of the Qing dynasty.
World War I began in 1914, after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and lasted until 1918. During the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central Powers) fought against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Japan and the United States (the Allied Powers). Large development in technology and warfare was produced from this war.
The Holocaust was a genocide in which some six million European Jews were killed by Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany and their World War 2 allies.
Mao suddenly became aware of the revolutionary potential inherent in the peasantry and became an intellectual From there, he took over the Chinese Communist Party.
The Sino- Japanese Wars marked a conflict between Japan and China that marked the emergence of Japan as a major world power and demonstrated the weakness of the Chinese empire. Korea yielded much economic value due to its location and natural resources. In 1875 Japan, which had begun to adopt Western technology, forced Korea to open itself to foreign, especially Japanese, trade and to declare itself independent from China in its foreign relations.
Sparked by Adolf Hitler’s invasion of Poland in 1939, the war would drag on for six deadly years until the final Allied defeat of both Nazi Germany and Japan in 1945. It was the deadliest war in history, involving more than 30 countries and resulting in more than 50 million military and civilian deaths
The U.S. meant for the Philippines to become a colonial property, but conflicts in the Philippines lead the U.S. to be more inclined toward Filipino independence. The Treaty of Manila, signed on July 4, 1946, granted the Philippines "full independence" from the United States of America.
In World War II, the US and the Soviet Union fought as allies against the Axis powers. However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. Americans had long been wary of Soviet communism and concerned about Russian leader Joseph Stalin’s tyrannical rule. The opposing political, social ,and economic standpoints led these two nations to start a war of intimidation and technological advancement.
he United Nations was born of perceived necessity, as a means of better regulating international conflict and negotiating peace than was provided for by the old League of Nations. The growing Second World War became the real cause for the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union to begin formulating the original U.N. Declaration, signed by 26 nations in January 1942, as a formal act of opposition to Germany, Italy, and Japan, the Axis Powers.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and several Western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union. NATO was the first peacetime military alliance the United States entered into outside of the Western Hemisphere.
The Korean War began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea. China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union gave some assistance.
The Vietnam War was a long, costly armed conflict that pitted the communist regime of North Vietnam and its southern allies, against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States. The divisive war, increasingly unpopular in the U.S., ended with the withdrawal of U.S. forces in 1973 and the unification of Vietnam under Communist control two years later. More than 3 million people, including 58,000 Americans, were killed in the conflict.
In the 1960s, Chinese Communist Party leader Mao Zedong believed the current party leadership in China was moving too far in a revisionist direction, with an emphasis on expertise rather than on ideological purity. He died in 1972, but his anti-revisionist ideas are still practiced.
Pol Pot and communist Khmer Rouge movement led Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. About 1.5 million Cambodians out of a total population of 7 to 8 million died of starvation, execution, disease or overwork. The Khmer Rouge, in their attempt to socially engineer a classless peasant society, took particular aim at intellectuals, city residents, ethnic Vietnamese, civil servants and religious leaders. An invading Vietnamese army deposed the Khmer Rouge in 1979, and, despite years of guerilla warfare, they never took power again.