World History Timeline

Events

Mesopotamia

3500 b.c. - 300 b.c.

"The land between two rivers" Was the first civilized place. It was also known as the Fertil Crescent.

Ancient Egypt

3100 b.c. - 31 b.c.

Long lasting river civilization. Known for Pharaohs and pyramids.

First wheel is used

3000 B.C

Wheels helped with lifting and transportation, made manual labor easier.

Indus Valley

2600 b.c - 1600 b.c

Fine homes and sewage. People lived better than they do in current India.

Judism

1812 b.c - Present

Monotheistic religion and one of the five major religions today.

Shang Dynasty

1750 B.c - 1500 B.C

Started along the Yellow River. First Chinese Dynasty.

Aberham leaves Ur

1700 b.c

At the time the Hebrews were nomadic and herded sheep.

Moses

1526 BC - 1406 BC

Moses is a prophet of God he led the Jew out of Egypt.

Hinduism

1500 B.C - Present

One of the oldest religions and one of today's five major religions.

Lydia

1200 B.C - 546 B.C

Lydia was a small kingdom established in Turkey.

Zhou dynasty

1122 BC - 256 B.C

Believed in the Mandate of Heaven, divine right to roll

Israel

1000 B.C - 597 B.C

This is the time when the Hebrews are Israel lead by the kings Saul, David and Soloman. They were desytoryed by the babylons

Phoenicia

1000 B.c. - 800 b.c

Great sailers; explored off the coastes and invented an alphabet

Israel/ Judah

931 b.c.

Isreal is split into two kingdoms

Ancient Greece

800 B.C - 31 B.C

Divided into three periods; Archaic period, Classical period, Hellenistic period

Archaic Period

800 BC - 500 BC

Cities were built on hills, they were called Polises. Each Polis had an Acropolis. A polis was a city-state like Athens and Sparta. Author Homer wrote the Odyssey and Hesiod wrote about the Greek gods. They had an alphabet.

Great Wall of China

771 B.C - 1500

The Great Wall of China was built and added to keep enemies out of China.

Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)

563 BC - 483 BC

Siddhartha Gautama is the founder of Buddism which is finding Nirvana and escaping the universe through finding yourself.

Birth of Confucius

551 B.C

Great Chinese philosopher started Confucianism

Roman Republic

509 BC - 27 BC

Representatives of the people governed these people were known as Senators. They had a similar religion to the Greeks

Ancient Rome

509 B.C - 476 A.D

Classical Greece

500 B.C - 323 B.C

Rational thinking used math and science to answer natural questions. Philosophers like Socrates, Pluto and Aristotle

Buddism

483 B.C - Present

One of the five major religions, polytheistic.

Hellenistic Period

323 BC - 31 BC

King Philip conquered and combined all the city states. Alexander the Great expanded the Greek Empire. Philosophy revolved around finding individual happiness

First Punic War

264 BC - 241 BC

Faught between Rome and Carthage. Rome built their first naval fleet and won the war.

Qin Dynasty

221 BC - 206 BC

Harsh rule. Centralized government. China got its name after the Qin

Second Punic War

218 BC - 201 BC

Carthage invaded Italy through Spain. Lead by Hanniable who rode elephants over the Pyrenees.

Han Dynasty

206 BC - 220 AD

Centralized government like the Qin but not as harsh. Invented paper

Third Punic War

149 BCE - 146 BCE

Rome destroyed Carthage when it refused to move inland ten miles. Rome rebuilt the city into a tradig center

Beginning of the End of Roman republic

133 B.C

Tiberius Gracchus proposes land reform, gives wheat to the hungry, builds racetracks, institutes gladiators, and proposes that he be re-elected.

Juluis Caesar's lifetime

100 BC - 44 BC

Conquered new land and becomes a powerful leader in Rome, all but ends the Roman Republic

Jupiter's high priest

84 B.C

Caeser was nominated to be Jupiter's high priest

Rome burns

64 B.C

Most of Rome burns to the ground.

Caesar's positions

48 B.C

Caesar was appointed dictator, elected consulate, resigned dictatorship

Julius Caesar

48 B.C - 46 B.C

Appointed dictator of Rome again. Goes to the Middle East to put down a rebellion. Also, ends an uprising against Rome in Africa. Receives the Queen of Egypt as an extended houseguest

Julius Caesar

45 B.C

Elected to 4th term as consul (this time solo). Made his great-nephew Octavian his heir, with Brutus next. Established a 365 day year, with an extra day every 4 years. Put his face on coins

Roman Conquest

31 B.C - 476

After the death of Ceaser. This is when Emperors ruled Rome. They improved infrastructure and gained new land for the Roman Empire

Battle of Actium

31 B.C.

Mark Antony and Cleopatra the last Pharaoh of Eygpt kill themselves while they fight against Octavian

First Roman Emperor

27 B.C

Octavian renames himself Cesar Augustus and becomes the first Roman emperor

Pax Romana

27 BC - 180 AD

Peace in Rome where Rome prospers

Birth of Christ

0 AD

Jesus started Christianity and is believed to be the son of God.

Christianity

40 A.D - Present

Monotheistic one of the major religions today.

Paul of Tarsus becomes a Christian

40 A.D.

He was a Roman citizen that began preaching the word of God. He made Christianity a religion instead of a Jewish sect

Franks move into Rhine Valley

200

Diocleciano

284 - 305

Had two Roman Emperors. Hated Christians. In 305 he abdicates.

Edict against Christians

302 A.D - 303 A.D

Diocletian killed and tortured Christians because they were blamed for the Oracle not hearing anything. Many Romans didn't support the edict.

Constantine

305 A.D. - 337 A.D

Brought peace and supported Christians. He moved the capital of Rome to Constantinople.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

Emperor Constantine makes the Edict of Milan to ending the persecution of Christians

Council of Nicaea

325

Discuss the church and makes the Nicene prayer.

Constantinople

330

Constantine rebuilds Byzantine then renames the city to Constantinople.

Theodosius

379 - 395

Made Christianity the official religion. Last Roman Empire after him Rome split up into two Empires. Byzantine Empire and Western Roman Empire

Anglo Saxon

449 - 1066

The germanic tribe that took control of England. They were divided into small kingdoms and those kingdoms divided into shires or smaller distrits.

Middle Ages

476 ad - 1328 ad

The time in between Rome and the Renaissance where growth and education slowed down. Many people did not live long. Other known as the Dark Ages.

Fall of Western Roman Empire

September 4, 476

Western Roman Empire was conquered by the germanic tribe Visigoths

Clovis

481 - 511

Clovis becomes king the Franks a German tribe. He started the Merovingian dynasty.

Merovingian Dynasty

481 - 751

Merovingian Dynasty was united by Clovis. He conquered other Frankish tribes making one large kingdom. France was named after the Franks.

Birth of Muhammad

570 AD

Muhammad is born he is the founder of Islam

Sui Dynasty

589 - 618

Built the Grans Canal, longest canal in the world

Prince Shotoku is regent

593 - 621

Prince Shotoku serves as regent in Japan. He spread Cunfusisim and brought more power for the Emperor in Japan.

Islam

600 - Present

Monotheistic and one of the major religions today.

Gabriel visits Muhammad

610

Gabrial visits Muhammad and gives instructions and verses to tell people

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

Wealthiest and most powerful country in the world at the time. Famous poets like Li Po and Du Fu

Muhammad leaves Mecca

622

Muhammad and his followers are harassed in Mecca. They leave and settle in Medina

Muhammad returns to Mecca

630

Muhammad returns to Mecca and cleanses the city destroying idols and makes them worship Allah.

Penin II

687 - 714

Reunited the Franks when the kingdom split after Clovis died.

Charles Martel

718 - 741

Son of Pepin II (Charles the Hammer)

Destruction of Icons

726

Emporer Leo 3 order the destruction of idols but they help spreed Christianity

Moors invade Franks

732

Spanish Moors invade the Franks but Martel's cavalry stops the advance.

Carolingian Dynasty

751 - 987

The dynasty for Franks started by Pepin the Short who was the son of Charles Martel.

Charlemagne

768 - 814

King of the Franks. He was a great warrior, devout Christian, able administer and great advocate of learing. Created the Spanish March, area bewteen Islam and Christanity

Vikings

790 - 1066

Vikings plunder and ravage Europe. They are fierce warriors and great sailors. They settle in England, Iceland, Greenland and parts of North America and are known as Danes.

Heian Period

794 - 1185

"Dwellers among the clouds" Nobles separated themselves from the rest of Japan. They stayed in Heian. Supported art, litrature, fashion and drama

Charlemagne as emperor of the Romans

800

Charlemagne is crowned Emperor of the Romans by the pope and becomes the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.

Treaty of Verdun

843

The treaty ended the three-year civil war between the Frankish empire. It divided the Empire into three; Middle Kingdom, Western Kingdom and Eastern Kingdom.

Feudal system develops in Europe

850

It is a system of government where small independent rulers held control in their own regions.

Middle Kingdom divides

870

The Middle kingdom of the Franks is divided up in between the Western and Eastern kingdoms.

Otto I

936

Otto 1 is elected king by the Feudal lords in Germany.

Otto becomes Holy Roman Emperor

951

After helping the pope defeat Roman nobles he crowns Otto Holy Roman Emporer as a reward.

Sung Dynasty

960 - 1279

Lost lots of land and Mongols were pressuring the borders, started using unpowered to fight. Women started to foot bind their feet.

Holy Roman Empire

962 - 1806

The Empire made of tribes in Germany and Itlay. Otto the Great was crowned the first king.

Capetain dynasty replaces the Carolingians

987 - 1287

Started by Hugh Capet he began the new line of Capetain dynasty in France.

Tale of Gengi

1000

The first full-length novel was written by Lady Murasaki Shikibu. It is about a prince who tries to find love. Many great Japanese works were written by women because only women wrote in Japanese.

Universities develop

1000 - 1400

Four great universities develop by late 1200, Paris, Oxford, Bologna, and Salerno. By the 1400s more universites develop and students have a veriety of education to chose from.

Romanesque style

1000 - 1150

This is a style of archatecture. It is known for arches, domes, vaults and low horizantail lines. It is dark because of the heavey domed stone roofs and low walls . It takes after the Roman stlye.

Chivalry

1000 - 1400

Chivalry was a code of conduct used by knights about how they should act and treat people.

High Middle Ages

1000 - 1500

This includes the Crusades, the black death and the regrowth of cities and trade.

Dominicans are founded

1016

Saint Dominic a monk founded the Dominicans Friars. Friars lived and preached with the people. Friars were used to finding heretics.

Edward the Confessor

1042 - 1066

After the Danish kings died the Anglo- Saxons chose Edward the Confesser as their king.

King Henry III

1046 - 1056

Thought the church was under his imperial power and kicked three popes out and chose three new ones.

Church splits in two

1054

In the west the Roman Catholic Church. In the East Eastern Orthodox Church. They split because of different views on who the lead the church and what should be allowed.

Battle of Hastings

1066

William of Normandy crosses the English Channel to England and defeated Harold of Wessex in the Battle of Hastings to become King William the 1 of England or William the Conqueror.

Canossa

1077

Henry IV meets Pope Gregory at Canossa in the winter to beg for mercy because he was excommunicated for trying to appoint bishops.

First Crusade

1096 - 1099

Lead by French and Italian lords they captured the city of Jerusalem. This opened trade between Europe and Aisa.

Song of Roland

1100

Song of Roland is a National epic or long poems about Charlemagne’s wars against the Moors. It talks of chivalrous values, loyalty, bravery, love and sorrow as many epics did at the time.

navigator needle

1100 - 1300

Navigators learn how to use magnetized needles. By the 1300's they began to make compasses with marked directions.

Concordat of Worms

1122

Ended the controversy, allowed the emperor to give fiefs to bishops, but only the pope could name the bishops

Gothic style

1140 - 1400

A new type of achratecture known for tall spires and flying butresses as well as archs. High thin walls with lots of windows and light. Many of the windows are stainglass and statues and scuplers are found everywhere. The idea is to try to reach the heavens.

Second Crusade

1145 - 1149

led by Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany. It was a failure.

Frederick Barbarossa

1152 AD - 1190 AD

He tried to take four wealthy trade cities but was stopped when the cities formed the Lombard Leauge to fight against Frederick.

Genghis Khan

1162 - 1227

Fiercest Mongol leader

King Philip Captains

1180 - 1223

He took much of the land England had taken. He arrested the pope and when he died put a new one that would help him.

Minamoto Period

1185 - 1550

Minamoto clan beat out the other clans and named himself Shogun. He was the general who ruled in the Emporer's name.

Third Crusade

1187 - 1192

Barbarossa, Philip, and Richard lead the crusade. They fought against Saladin. It ended in a truce between Richard and Saladin.

Pope Innocent III

1198 - 1216

Pope Innocent III was the strongest Medieval pope, believe kings were servants to the church.

Catholic Church

1200

The Catholic Chuch was the wealthiest institution in Europe by 1200.

Mongol

1200 ce - 1450 ce

Skilled horsemen that shot arrows while riding lead by fierce warriors "golden horde." Much is known about the Mongols from Marco Polo; a merchant who was in the court of Kubli Khan

Fourth Crusade

1202 - 1204

The crusaders attacked Zadar so they were excommunicated. To get back what they wanted the sacked Constantinople

Franciscan Order Established

1209

Franciscan friars are founded by Saint Francis of Assisi

Children's Crusade

1212

This was a failure. Merchants gave them passage on ships to the holy land but many sank and the rest were tricked and sold as slaves.

Magna Carta

1215

Signed by King John, the son of Elanor of Aquitaine. It gave rights the people to protect them. It also kept the king from having all the power.

Mongols attack Japan 1

1271

Kublai Kahn tried to invade Japan but a typhoon ruined his plans

Habsburg

1273

Was elected to be the Holy Roman Emperor. They were rulers of a small state in Switzerland.

Mongols attack Japan 2

1281

Mongols try again and bring two armies, but more storms foiled them.

The End of the Crusades.

1291

All crusades ended when the Muslims captured Acre the last Christian stronghold in the Middle East.

French Clergy pay Taxes

1294

King Philip IV of France orders French clergy to pay taxes

Ottoman Empire

1299 - 1923

Conquered the Byzantine Empire. They were a Muslim Empire. The Ottoman Empire ended after World War 1.

Renaissance

1300 - 1600

Renaissance means rebirth. It was the rebirth of art and learning. Both artistic and philosophical, looking to the past and the future.

Pope Boniface VIII

1302

Pope Boniface VIII refuses the french order. He was arrested by Philip for Heresy. After trial he was released then died.

Babylon Captivity

1309 - 1377

After the death of Pope Boniface, King Philip chose the next pope, Pope Clement V and moved the church headquarters to Avignon.

Defender of Faith

1324

A book written by two teachers they believed the pope only had power over the church.

Last Capetian King Dies

1328

The last Capetian king dies without an heir and this leads to the hounred years war.

The Hundred Years War

1337 - 1453

Fought between England and France. King Edward III of England had land in France making him a vassel to the king. When the French king died the French assembly chose Philip VI to be the next king. Edward brought his army across the channel. For the next 116 years they continue to fight.

Humanism

1345

Started by Petrarch. It was the study of Greek and Roman literature to study grammar, history, poetry, rhetoric

Bubonic Plague

1347 - 1351

Terrible plague that swept through Europe killing 1/3 of the population. It began in Asia and spread through the trade routes. It was bacteria found in fleas that speard to rats and people.

Emperor Charles IV

1356

He tried to regain power for the Holy Roman Emperor. He changed the rules so only seven people elected the Emperor.

Hanseatic League

1358 - 1669

German cities were becoming wealthy and powerful from trade. Since there was no strong government in Germany wealthy cities started the Hanseatic League to regulate trade. There were posts all over Europe.

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

They defeated the Mongols. Invented the Junk ship. Moved the capital to Bejing. Made Social classes and made Confucianism the main religion

Great Schism

1377 - 1417

Pope Gregory XI moved the church back to Rome, but there would be two or three popes at a time. French and Italian

The Canterbury Tales

1386 - 1400

Written by Goeffrey Chaucer it is about traveling pilgims that tell stories to pass the time. They make fun of the wealthy and clergy

Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

Prince of Portugal. He gathered the best geographers and navigators to map the oceans and start trade in Africa.

Van Eyck

1395 - 1441

Flemish painters. Focused on more common people. Details were very important as were facial expressions.

Exploration and Expansion

1400 - 1800

Europeans start to travel the seas finding new lands and expanding their kingdoms.

Witch Hunts

1400 - 1700

Village people went on witch hunts, killing any young girl when something bad went wrong. This was due to superstitions they believed.

Joan of Arc

1412 - 1431

Joan of Arc was a girl who became a war hero and a saint. She helped the Charles the Dauphin become king. She was exectued by the English for wearing mens clothing. She was burned at the stake.

Portuguese land in China

1415

Portuguese Jesuits spred christanity to the Chinese

Council of Constance

1417

Removed the French and Italian pope, third abdicated and they elected a new pope.

Joan visits the Dauphin's court

1429

Joan of Arc persuades a garrison commander to allow her an escort into the Dauphin's court in Chinon.

Joan was captured

May 1430

Joan is catured by the English while covering a retreat.

Medici Family

1434 - 1737

Wealthy merchant bankers family that ruled Florence a great trade city in Italy. They were also patrons of the arts. They were the richest family in Europe.

Habsburg Dynasty

1438 - 1740

Rulers of the Holy Roman Emperor then Austeria. They were known for their jaws because of incest. They became powerful by marrying people with land and power.

Johannes Gutenberg

1450

He created a printing press with a moveable type. This made printing easier.

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Known as the Renaissance man. He was a painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, scientist, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, botanist and writer. He was also interested in flight.

War of the Roses

1455 - 1485

The House of York challenged the House of Lancaster for the throne of England. Henry Tudor of house Lancaster defeated House York

Marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella

1469

Ferdinand and Isabella united Spain in their marrige. They were joint rulers. Known as the Catholic monarchs.

Nicolas Copernico

1473 - 1543

A scientist who came up with the Hilo-centric theory which opposed the geocentric theory.

Pizzaro

1478 - 1541

He conquered the Incas and claimed Ecuador to Chile for the Spanish.

Ferdinand Magellan

1480 - 1521

He was the first person to Circumnavigate the globe by going around South America through Magellan's straight.

Princes in the tower

1483

The princes Edward and Richard were imprisoned in the tower by thier uncle Richard III and decalred illigitament. They were the children of the late king Edward. It is believed they were murdered either by Richard III or Henry VII.

Cortes

1485 - 1547

Cortes was a Spanish conquistador. He conquered the Aztec Empire in 1519

Bartolomeu Dies

1488

He sailed around the Cape of Good Hope and found the Indian Ocean. This made a direct route to India possible.

Christopher Columbus

1492 - 1504

He was the first person to sail to the Americas, but never realized it believing it to be India. He made four separate trips opening the Atlantic Ocean in the West.

Maximilian I

1493 - 1519

Becomes Holy Roman Emperor, his marriage gains lands in Netherlands, Luxemburg and Burgundy.

The Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

This moved the line made by the pope to divide the land for Spain and Portugal. It gave Portugal more land in South America.

John Cabot

1497

King Henry VII sent John Cabot to sail to America he claimed Newfoundland, Nova Scotia and New England for England.

Vasco de Gama

1498

He was the first person to sail to India by going around Africa following Dias.

Commercial Revolution

1500 - 1700

Europeans made economic changes in trade, joint stock companies and fixed values on money.

Start of Colonies

1500

European countries wanted to colonize places that had a lot of gold, silver and raw materials that their home country didn’t have. This made the country more powerful and rich.

Spanish Empire

1500

The Spanish Empire was at its strongest in the 1500's,

Charles V

1500 - 1558

He was the King of the Spanish Empire and the Holy Roman Empire. He had a lot of interests to keep up. He wealth was zapped by religious wars. He divided his reign in two. Spain going to his son and the Holy Roman Empire going to his brother.

Amerigo Vespucci

1502

Believed the Americas were new lands, not Asia. Because of this thought America was named after him.

Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

King of England, started the Anglican Church. His daughter was Queen Elizabeth. He was known for his six wives. DIvorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived.

Praise of Folly

1511

Written by Erasmus it criticized the ignorance and superstition among christians.

Machiavelli (The Prince, pub. 1513)

1513

Machiavelli was a diplomat and historian in the court of Medici. He wrote the Prince which gives advice on how to be a successful ruler.

Ponce de Leon

1513

He was the person to find Florida and search for the fountain of youth.

Vasco Balboa

1513

the first to find the Pacific Ocean by crossing Panama.

Portuguese reach China

1514

Portuguese sailed around to Asia to reach China. They spread Christianity and start trading.

Reformation

1517 - 1648

The Catholic church split in two. The new half becoming Protestant. The Catholic Church had become corrupted and many people left.

Martin Luther Begins Reformation

1517

A catholic monk. He nails the 95 theses to the Wittenberg Cathedral door. The 95 theses were the 95 problems Luther had with the Catholic and requested they change.

Sects

1520 - 1530

Different religious groups in Germany and Switzerland appear but many die out because there are no real rules or leaders.

Diet of worms

1521

Pope Leo X declared Luther a heretic and excommunicated him. He was called before the Diet of Worms to retract his writing, but he never did making Luther an outlaw.

Prussia

1525 - 1947

Prussia started as a small country lead by the Hollenern family. It broke from the Holy Roman Empire and became one of the major counties in Europe.

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1857

The Empire in India. Taj Mahal was built during their reign.

Index of Forbidden Books

1530 - 1966

This was a list of books chosen that are harmful to the catholic faith or to good morals

Counter reformation

1530

This was the Catholic church's response to stop people from leaving the church. They attempted to reform the Catholic Church. The counter reformation was lead by Pope Paul III

Anglican Church

1534

Started in England by King Henry VIII. He left the Catholic church when the pope wouldn't grant a divorce to him and his wife.

Jesuits

1534

Ignatius de Loyola founded the Jesuits. They were like a military that helped spread Catholicism.

Scientific Revolution

1543 - 1687

This is the emergence of modern day science. People started to explain things through reason and theory rather than superstition.

Council of Trent

1545

It was a meeting of church members to clearly define beliefs.

Ivan the Terrible

1547 - 1584

Centered all the power and control in Russia to himself, calling himself Czar.

Edward VI

1547 - 1553

Became king after King Henry VIII died. He was sickly and died after six years.

Mary I

1553 - 1558

Other known as "Bloody Mary" because she was catholic and killed many of the Protestants in England. She married Philip II of Spain. She died without having children.

The Peace of Augsburg

1555

The emperor and the princes signed the Peace of Augsburg, which allowed each German ruler to choose the religion for his state. His subjects either had to accept that religion or move

Philip II

1556 - 1598

He controlled all of Spain. Raising taxes to fight against the Ottomans. He began the Spanish Inquisition. He also tried to use the Spanish Armada to attack England, which was a fail.

Akbar

1556 - 1605

Greatest Mughal Emperor. He improved the tax system and supported the arts. He was tolerant of the different regions and helped improve the economy.

Chinese trading

1557

The Chinese allow the first trading station with Europeans.

Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

She was one of the greatest rulers of England. Her reign was known as the "golden age" She defeated Philip II's armada and Mary Queen of Scots. She was also a Patron of the arts. Known as the Vergin Queen for never marrying, she was married to England.

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

Astronomer and philosopher who proved the Heliocentric theory. He helped play a role in the Scientific Revolution.

James I

1566 - 1625

Cousin of Elizabeth. He combined Scotland and England and started House Stuart. Unpopular with Catholics and Puritans. He did not get along with Parliment because many of them were puritans. He made the King James version of the bible. He was never able to collect taxes and pay for programs.

Spain overtook Portugal

1580 - 1680

Portugal is a small country and they didn't have the money to support the explorations and soldiers. In 1580 Spain took over Portugal. A hundred years later they regained their independance.

King Henry IV

1589 - 1610

He was the first Bourbon King of France. Known as "good king Henry" He is assassinated by a fanatic.

Bourbon

1589 - 1795

A ruling family in France.

Edict of Nantes

1598 - 1685

Granted freedom of worship and political rights regardless of faith. Started by Henry IV. King Louis XIV dissolved the Edict of Nantes.

British East India Company

1600

They receive Indian charter from Queen Elizabeth.

English Colonial Expansion

1600 - 1760

The British Empire was considered the greatest colonial power in the world.

British began to trade with China

Approx. 1600

The British wanted silk and tea so they traded opium

Tokugawa Shogunate

1603 - 1868

A man named Tokugawa became shogun and changed the name.

Jamestown

1607

Jamestown was the first colony of England in the New Wolrd.

Louis XIII

1610 - 1643

Son of Henry IV he is the next king of France. He is sickly so had help from his chief adviser Cardinal Richelieu.

Michael Romanov

1613 - 1645

He was elected Czar. This started 300 years of Romanov rule. They increased Czar's power and Russia's border.

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Started as a protest rebellion against the Holy Roman Emperor and spread to all the major European countries. The war resulted in new countries being formed.

Huguenot towns

1627 - 1628

Huguenot towns are attacked by the French government. In the end, they are not allowed fortified walls.

Shah Jahan

1628 - 1658

Best known for constructing the Taj Mahal. He also blended the Hindu and Islamic religions it was called Sikh.

Japan isolates from Europe

1630

The Shogun closed off Japan from the rest of the world

Barbados slaves

1640

In 1640 African Americans were used as slaves in Barbados. Before 1640 the Irish were used.

Frederick William The Great Elector

1640 - 1688

Ruled Prussia during thirty years war, but was not considered the king.

English Civil War

1642 - 1649

Conflicts between Parliment and Charles I. In the end Charles I was executed. Parliment gained more power.

King Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

The Sun King. He built Versailles and gave the king more power. He believed in the divine right of kings. He is the perfect example of absolute power. He also gained more land for France.

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1912

Ming was conquered by the Manchurian's (Qing) They began to study philosophy. Stick government rule

Peace of Westphalia

1648

The two treaties that ended the Thirty Years war. From the France receives more land.

Oliver Cromwell

1653 - 1658

Fought for Parliment during the English Civil War. Afterward, he became the Lord Protector becoming like a tyrant.

Wars of Louis XIV

1667 - 1713

Louis fought four wars. The rest of Europe teamed up to prevent France from having so much power. The wars cost France lots of money.

Peter the Great

1679 - 1725

Peter wanted to make Russia like the rest of Europe. He copied much of what Louis XIV did. He expanded borders and modernized Russia that was still stuck in the dark ages.

Frederick I

1688 - 1713

King after Frederick William. He imitated King Louis XIV.

Glourious Revolution

1688 - 1689

William the Orange conquered England and overthrew King James II. Parliment supported William. He became co-ruler with Mary. They gave more power to Parliment.

French Army

1700

By the early 1700's the French Army became the largest and most powerful army in Europe.

Russia's war with Sweden

1700 - 1721

Peter the Great started a long war against Sweden, he was able to gain access to the Baltic Sea.

Enlightnment

1700 - 1800

the time period when people believed that they could apply the scientific method and use reason to explain human nature. Had to do with rationalism, natural law, and secularism.

Enclosure Acts

1700

Small farms became part of larger farms. So many small farmers had to give up their livelihood and move to the city.

Industrial Revolution

1700 - 1900

The transition to new manufacturing and mass producing. Rural towns become urbanized.

War of Spanish Succession

1702 - 1713

The Spanish King died and Louis VIX grandson was next in line. The other countries of Europe fought France to make sure France wouldn't gain power from the alliance with Spain.

Frederick William I

1713 - 1740

Son of Frederick I. He stopped imitating France and doubled the size of the army. It became the most efficent fighting force in the world. He also required all children to go to school.

Treaty of Utrecht

1713

Recognized Philip as king of Spain, but he had to renounce any claim to the French throne and it gave French American lands to England

Cathrine The Great

1739 - 1796

Cathrine the Great forced her husband to abdicate in her favor. She is known for greatly expanding Russia's borders. She added 200,000 square miles of land. She even started colonizing Alaska.

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Fought over Silesia which was part of Austria. Prussia signed the Pragatic sanction but invaded anyways. The Diplomatic revolution occurred which was the switching of alliances.

Fredrick II (The Great) (Prussia)

1740 - 1786

Expanded Prussia's borders. He made Prussia into a major power. He improved education and the economy.

Maria Theresa

1740 - 1780

Since she was a woman she couldn't become Holy Roman Emperor but her husband could. They remained co-rulers during their reign. She was the Empress. Known as "grandmother of Europe" she had eleven children. The Holy Roman Empire was also Austria.

Charles VI dies

1740

Charles VI Holy Roman Emperor and leaves his lands to his daughter Maria Theresa.

Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

Took place in Europe, North America, and India. Began when Prussia invaded France and Austria. Ended when Empress Elizabeth of Russia died.

Steam Engine

1769

The steam engine was invented this made factories work faster and helped with transportation.

United States

1776 - Present

A country in North America broke from the British Empire. Continues to be a major power.

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

King Louis XVI was killed lead by fascists. It was a time of chaos and death while trying to gain rights for the people of French.

Napoleon

1799 - 1815

Brought peace after the French Revolution. He became a dictator and expanded French. He was captured by the English and died on an island.

Reactionaries

1815

European rulers were reactionaries. They wanted to return to the way things were before the French Revolution and Napoléon

Age of Metternich

1815 - 1848

Metternich suppressed freedom of speech and the press, he wanted to prevent war and/or revolution and protect absolute monarchs. He was a prince of Austria.

Congress of Vienna

1815 - 1820

Delegates from Great Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia met to decide the future of Europe after Napoléon

Opium war

1839 - 1842

The war between the trading of opium of tea aginst the British. Opium was affecting over half the Chinese population. The Chinese lost

Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864

The Chinese tried to start a new dynasty to get rid of the British and Christianity The rebellion failed and only weakened the Qing even more.

Mahatma Gandhi

1869 - 1948

Lead the independence movement in India against Britain. Known for his nonviolence movement.

Sun Yixian

1911

Leads revolts in China.

Footbinding

1912

Footbinding becomes illegal but doesn't stop until 1940's

Emperor abdicates

1912

The last emperor of imperial China abdicates.

World War I

1914 - 1918

The first world war that started using modernized warfare. The first war to use tanks, planes and machine guns, as well as chemicals.

Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand

1914

This was the powder keg that helps start World War one. Austria- Hungry declares war on Serbia. Then Germany who was allied with Austria- Hungry declares war on France and Russia.

America Joins World War 1

1917

After Germany tried to get Mexico to join, America joins the Allies. They are known as Dough Boys.

Treaty of Versailles

1918

Signed by the Allies and Germany. It ended World War 1 and blamed Germany for the war making them pay for everything.

Mao Zedong

1949 - 1976

The leader of the Chinese Communist. Founder of the People's republic of China. He made China into a world power. Speed up the industrialization in China.

The Great Leap Forward

1956 - 1960

China starts another five-year plan called the Great Leap Forward. This is a failure and 20 million people starve to death.

Official end of the Punic Wars

January 1987

The Punic Wars Officially ended when mayors from both cities signed a treaty

Tank Man

June 5, 1989

Chinese students were protesting in Tiananmen Square. China tanks drove in to disperse the crowd. A man nicknamed Tank Man stood in their way. After that day he disappeared.

Donald Trump's become president

January 20 2017