Brought down Romanov rule. installation of communist regime, previously Czarist and Feudal.
Laid out ideals for Leninist USSR, Power should go to different councils "soviets", Land should be redistributed to peasants.
The Germans discover nuclear fission thus creating the possibility for the US nuclear program.
Los Alamos New Mexico, Led by Robert J. Oppenheimer. Secret underground group. Manhattan branch of the War Department. Connection between science and military.
Leads to the use of nuclear weapons, more than 70,000 US casualties, 100,000 Japanese casualties, and 150,000 civilian casualties. The price of a land invasion was too high.
Held by the International Military Tribunal. Tried 24 former Nazi leaders for crimes against humanity.
Remedy poverty, disease, hunger, desperation. Marshall plan is clear challenge to soviet expansion. Soviets see plan as Capitalist Imperialism. Causes a re-strengthening in control of soviet satellite states.
The USSR places wall between east and west Berlin.
Brings communism to China, restructuring of society, The rectification plans, and the giant leap forward.
Joe McCarthy spearheads wide investigations into communist suspects in the US, unsubstantiated accusations of communists in high government positions. Loyalty Checks, HUAC
Discussed: Treatment of POWs, body of international law, limit effects of war/international conflict, aims to regulate warfare, protect those not participating in war or done participating, POWs
From Ukraine. Steps toward peace with the western world, denounces Stalin. De-Stalinization.
The US and NATO work to limit West German powers, in the end result of returned sovereignty and rearmament.
Nagy's 3 Moves, No more warsaw pact, Hungary neutralist, asked for UN support
Directed to delegates of communist party congress, did not stay secret. De-Stalinization, and seen as weak approach internationally.
beats the US in the space race...still falls behind economically and in the technology race, and arms race.
Enacts Detente, reform as contagion. USSR to use military strength of the Warsaw pact to intervene in any communist country.
Comes to power in Czechoslovakia, economic reform, freedom of expression, soften totalitarianism, Prague Spring. Brezhnev crushes reform movement.
Death of Detente, Glasnost and Perestroika, unpresedented freedom of expression.