World History Since 1945 Midterm


Russian Revolution

January 1, 1917 - December 31, 1917

Brought down Romanov rule. installation of communist regime, previously Czarist and Feudal.

April Theses

April 7, 1917 - April 8, 1917

Laid out ideals for Leninist USSR, Power should go to different councils "soviets", Land should be redistributed to peasants.

Germans Discover Nuclear Fission

January 1, 1934 - December 31, 1934

The Germans discover nuclear fission thus creating the possibility for the US nuclear program.

The Manhattan Project

January 1, 1942 - December 31, 1942

Los Alamos New Mexico, Led by Robert J. Oppenheimer. Secret underground group. Manhattan branch of the War Department. Connection between science and military.

Battle of Okinawa

April 1, 1945 - June 21, 1945

Leads to the use of nuclear weapons, more than 70,000 US casualties, 100,000 Japanese casualties, and 150,000 civilian casualties. The price of a land invasion was too high.

Nuremburg Trials

September, 1945 - December, 1946

Held by the International Military Tribunal. Tried 24 former Nazi leaders for crimes against humanity.

Harvard Speech

June 5, 1947 - June 6, 1947

Remedy poverty, disease, hunger, desperation. Marshall plan is clear challenge to soviet expansion. Soviets see plan as Capitalist Imperialism. Causes a re-strengthening in control of soviet satellite states.

Blockade in Berlin

January 1, 1948 - December 31, 1949

The USSR places wall between east and west Berlin.

Mao Zedong PRC

January 1, 1949 - December 31, 1962

Brings communism to China, restructuring of society, The rectification plans, and the giant leap forward.

The McCarthy Era

January 1, 1949 - December 31, 1954

Joe McCarthy spearheads wide investigations into communist suspects in the US, unsubstantiated accusations of communists in high government positions. Loyalty Checks, HUAC

Geneva Convention

January 1, 1949 - December 31, 1949

Discussed: Treatment of POWs, body of international law, limit effects of war/international conflict, aims to regulate warfare, protect those not participating in war or done participating, POWs

Nikita Krushchev Head of Communist Party

January 1, 1953 - December 31, 1964

From Ukraine. Steps toward peace with the western world, denounces Stalin. De-Stalinization.

Re-armament of West Germany

January 1, 1955 - December 31, 1955

The US and NATO work to limit West German powers, in the end result of returned sovereignty and rearmament.

Nagy's Hungarian Uprising

January 1, 1956 - December 31, 1956

Nagy's 3 Moves, No more warsaw pact, Hungary neutralist, asked for UN support

Krushchev's 'Secret Speech'

February 25, 1956 - February 26, 1956

Directed to delegates of communist party congress, did not stay secret. De-Stalinization, and seen as weak approach internationally.

USSR Launches Sputnik

January 1, 1957 - December 31, 1957

beats the US in the space race...still falls behind economically and in the technology race, and arms race.

Leonid Brezhnev

January 1, 1965 - December 31, 1984

Enacts Detente, reform as contagion. USSR to use military strength of the Warsaw pact to intervene in any communist country.

Alexander Dubcek

January 1, 1968 - December 31, 1968

Comes to power in Czechoslovakia, economic reform, freedom of expression, soften totalitarianism, Prague Spring. Brezhnev crushes reform movement.

Micheal Gorbachev

January 1, 1985 - December 31, 1991

Death of Detente, Glasnost and Perestroika, unpresedented freedom of expression.