Brought down Romanov rule. installation of communist regime, previously Czarist and Feudal.
April 7, 1917 - April 8, 1917
Laid out ideals for Leninist USSR, Power should go to different councils "soviets", Land should be redistributed to peasants.
Germans Discover Nuclear Fission
January 1, 1934 - December 31, 1934
The Germans discover nuclear fission thus creating the possibility for the US nuclear program.
The Manhattan Project
January 1, 1942 - December 31, 1942
Los Alamos New Mexico, Led by Robert J. Oppenheimer. Secret underground group. Manhattan branch of the War Department. Connection between science and military.
Battle of Okinawa
April 1, 1945 - June 21, 1945
Leads to the use of nuclear weapons, more than 70,000 US casualties, 100,000 Japanese casualties, and 150,000 civilian casualties. The price of a land invasion was too high.
September, 1945 - December, 1946
Held by the International Military Tribunal. Tried 24 former Nazi leaders for crimes against humanity.
June 5, 1947 - June 6, 1947
Remedy poverty, disease, hunger, desperation. Marshall plan is clear challenge to soviet expansion. Soviets see plan as Capitalist Imperialism. Causes a re-strengthening in control of soviet satellite states.
Blockade in Berlin
January 1, 1948 - December 31, 1949
The USSR places wall between east and west Berlin.
Mao Zedong PRC
January 1, 1949 - December 31, 1962
Brings communism to China, restructuring of society, The rectification plans, and the giant leap forward.
The McCarthy Era
January 1, 1949 - December 31, 1954
Joe McCarthy spearheads wide investigations into communist suspects in the US, unsubstantiated accusations of communists in high government positions. Loyalty Checks, HUAC
January 1, 1949 - December 31, 1949
Discussed: Treatment of POWs, body of international law, limit effects of war/international conflict, aims to regulate warfare, protect those not participating in war or done participating, POWs
Nikita Krushchev Head of Communist Party
January 1, 1953 - December 31, 1964
From Ukraine. Steps toward peace with the western world, denounces Stalin. De-Stalinization.
Re-armament of West Germany
January 1, 1955 - December 31, 1955
The US and NATO work to limit West German powers, in the end result of returned sovereignty and rearmament.
Nagy's Hungarian Uprising
January 1, 1956 - December 31, 1956
Nagy's 3 Moves, No more warsaw pact, Hungary neutralist, asked for UN support
Krushchev's 'Secret Speech'
February 25, 1956 - February 26, 1956
Directed to delegates of communist party congress, did not stay secret. De-Stalinization, and seen as weak approach internationally.
USSR Launches Sputnik
January 1, 1957 - December 31, 1957
beats the US in the space race...still falls behind economically and in the technology race, and arms race.
January 1, 1965 - December 31, 1984
Enacts Detente, reform as contagion. USSR to use military strength of the Warsaw pact to intervene in any communist country.
January 1, 1968 - December 31, 1968
Comes to power in Czechoslovakia, economic reform, freedom of expression, soften totalitarianism, Prague Spring. Brezhnev crushes reform movement.
January 1, 1985 - December 31, 1991
Death of Detente, Glasnost and Perestroika, unpresedented freedom of expression.