WHAP Timeline by Timothy Qin

Mediterranean/Southwest Asia

Early Mesopotamia

Approx. 3000 BC - Approx. 2000 BC

Hittites, Assyrians, and Babylonians

1800 BC - 600 BC

Phonecians

1550 BC - 332 BC

alphabet(Greek letters)

Achaemenid Empire

558 BC - 330 BC

Alexander's Empire

336 BC - 323 BC

Seleucid Empire

312 BC - 83 BC

Parthian Empire

247 BC - 224 CE

Hellenistic

Sasanid Empire

224 CE - 651 CE

Zoroasterian

Abbasid Dynasty

750 CE - 1258 CE

Seljuk Turks

1037 CE - 1194 CE

Ottoman Empire

1289 CE - 1923 CE

Safavid Empire

1501 CE - 1722 CE

Africa

Nile River Valley

Approx. 3000 BC - Approx. 2000 BC

Imperial Egyptian Empire

1500 BC - 1070 BC

Bantu Migration

Approx. 1000 BC - Approx. 1700 CE

Spread Bantu Language Family
Moved from Northern/Central Africa into Southern Africa

Axum

100 CE - 940 CE

Umayyad Dynasty

661 CE - 750 CE

Kingdom of Kanem-Bornu

800 CE - 1800 CE

Kingdom of Ghana

1000 CE - 1200 CE

Swahili Cities

1000 CE - 1400 CE

Mali Empire

1200 CE - 1400 CE

Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe

1220 CE - 1450 CE

Kingdom of Kongo

1396 CE - 1910 CE

Songhay Empire

1464 CE - 1591 CE

Kingdom of Ndongo

1525 CE - 1671 CE

China

Xia Dynasty

2200 BC - 1766 BC

Shang Dynasty

1766 BC - 1122 BC

first dynasty
oracle bones
veneration of ancestors

Zhou Dynasty

1122 BC - 256 BC

Mandate of Heaven

Warring States

475 BC - 221 BC

Qin Dynasty

221 BC - 206 BC

Shi Huangdi(unified China)
Great Wall of China
Burning of Books
Terracotta Warriors

Han Dynasty

206 BC - 220 CE

Han Wudi
silk road
Yellow Turban Rebellion
Black Death
civil service exam

Sui Dynasty

589 CE - 618 CE

Grand Canal

Tang Dynasty

618 CE - 907 CE

military expansion
Tang poetry
civil service exam

Song Dynasty

960 CE - 1279 CE

emphasis on arts
civil service exam

Mongol Empire

1206 CE - 1368 CE

Genghis Khan
Golden Horde(Russia)
Illkhanate(Persia)
Yuan(China)
Central Asia

Yuan Dynasty

1279 CE - 1368 CE

Mongol rule
Kublai Khan

Ming Dynasty

1368 CE - 1644 CE

Zhanghe

Qing Dynasty

1644 CE - 1911 CE

Manchu

India

Harappa/Mohenjo Daro

2500 BC - 1500 BC

city planning
sewage

Aryan Migrations in India

Approx. 1500 BC - Approx. 500 BC

Mauryan Empire

322 BC - 185 BC

Ashoka
concept of zero and pi
decimal system
military expansion
spread Buddhism/religious tolerance

Bacterian Rule

182 BC - 1 CE

Hellenistic
trade city

Gupta Empire

320 CE - 550 CE

Chandra Gupta
concept of zero
hindu-arabic numeral
invaded by White Huns

Sultanate of Delhi

1206 CE - 1526 CE

Turks

Tamerlane Empire

1350 CE - 1405 CE

transition between Mongols and Mughals

Mughal Empire

1526 CE - 1858 CE

Akbar(religious tolerance)
Taj Mahal

British Raj

1858 CE - 1947 CE

imperialism

Indian State

1948 CE - Present

Gandhi(non-violence)
Muhammad Ali Jinnah(Pakistan)
Jawalahara Nehru(first prime minister of India)
Partition of India(creates Pakistan)

Japan/Korea

Silla Dynasty

669 CE - 935 CE

Nara

710 CE - 794 CE

Heian

794 CE - 1185 CE

Edo

Kamakura

1185 CE - 1333 CE

Muromachi

1336 CE - 1573 CE

Tokugawa Shogunate

1600 CE - 1867 CE

Japanese Feudalism

Meiji Japan

1868 CE - 1912 CE

Westernization
Open Door Policy

Southeast Asia

Furan

100 CE - 599 CE

Buddhism

Angkor

889 CE - 1431 CE

Buddhism

Europe

Classical Greece

800 BC - 350 BC

Roman Republic

509 BC - 0 CE

beginning of Roman Empire

Roman Empire

0 CE - 476 CE

Julius Caesar
Augustus Caesar
Diocletian split Roman Empire
Constantine moved capitol to Constantinople
Pax Romana

Angles and Saxons

400 CE - 1050 CE

Germanic tribe who conquered England

Visigoths

470 CE - 700 CE

Byzantine Empire

476 CE - 1453 CE

Eastern Roman Empire after fall of Roman Empire

Franks

481 CE - 814 CE

Carolingian Empire
Charles Martel
Charlemagne(crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III)

Medieval European Regional States

1000 CE - 1500 CE

Feudalism(political): Lord/Vassal based on service for protection
Manorialism(economic): Lord/Serf based off fief(land)

Russian Expansion

1462 CE - 1795 CE

Peter the Great
westernization

Holy Roman Empire & Habsburg Dynasty

1519 CE - 1648 CE

Charles V/Carlos I

Napoleon's Reign

1799 CE - 1814 CE

Americas

Olmec

1200 BC - 400 BC

big stone heads

Chavin

900 BC - 200 BC

Moche

100 CE - 700 CE

pottery(DON'T SEARCH UP PICTURE)

Maya

300 CE - 900 CE

ziggurats
concept of zero
calendar
sun dial

Aztec Empire

1450 CE - 1520 CE

Tenochtitlan
human sacrifice
rubber
chinampas

Incan Empire

1471 CE - 1532 CE

Machu Pichu
roads
llamas
quipu

Spanish Colonies

1492 CE - 1910 CE

Treaty of Tordesilla

Portuguese Colonial Brazil

1500 CE - 1822 CE

sugar plantations

French, English, and Dutch Colonies in North America

1600 CE - 1776 CE

The Rise of US Imperialism

1895 CE - 1941 CE

United Fruit Company

Rebellions/Independence/War

Punic Wars

264 BC - 146 BC

Carthage vs Rome
rise of Rome to power

Seven Years' War

1756 CE - 1763 CE

American Revolution

1775 CE - 1781 CE

French Revolution

1789 CE - 1799 CE

Hatian Revolution

1791 CE - 1803 CE

Wars of Independence in Latin America

1810 CE - 1825 CE

War of 1812

1812 CE

War of Greek Independence

1821 CE - 1827 CE

Opium Wars

1839 CE - 1842 CE

Mexican-American War

1846 CE - 1848 CE

Nian, Muslim, Tungan, and Taiping Rebellions

1851 CE - 1878 CE

Italian Unification

1859 CE - 1870 CE

US Civil War & Reconstruction

1861 CE - 1877 CE

German Unification

1864 CE - 1871 CE

Spanish-Cuban-American War

1898 CE - 1899 CE

Boxer Rebellion

1898 CE - 1901 CE

World War I

1914 CE - 1918 CE

Russia Revolution

1917 CE

Non-Cooperation Movement

1920 CE - 1922 CE

Great Depression

1929 CE - 1939 CE

Civil Disobedience Movement

1930 CE

Hitler & Holocaust

1933 CE - 1945 CE

Spanish Civil War

1936 CE - 1939 CE

Invasion of China by Japan & Rape of Nanjing

1937 CE

World War II

1939 CE - 1945 CE

African Decolonization and Independence

1944 CE - 1993 CE

Cold War

1945 CE - 1991 CE

Asian Decolonization and Independence

1947 CE - 1984 CE

Arab-Israeli-Pakistani Conflicts

1947 CE - Present

Partition of India

1947 CE

Aparthied

1948 CE - 1989 CE

Korean War

1950 CE - 1953 CE

Great Leap Forward

1958 CE - 1961 CE

Bay of Pigs

1961 CE

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962 CE

US Troops in Vietnam

1965 CE - 1973 CE

Cultural Revolution

1966 CE - 1976 CE

Soviet-Afghani War

1979 CE - 1988 CE

Iran-Iraq War

1980 CE - 1988 CE

Gulf War

1990 CE - 1991 CE

Art Movements

Gothic

1150 CE - 1550 CE

height(flying buttress)
luminosity(stain glass windows)

Italian Renaissance

1375 CE - 1527 CE

Florence -> Rome(high)
non-religious
realism
perspective
geometric arrangement
individuality
classicism
chiaroscuro
ex. Donatello, Leonardo da Vinci, Michalangelo, Raphael

Northern Renaissance

1450 CE - 1648 CE

influenced by Protestant Reformation
religious
realism
interest in nature
attention to detail
emphasis on human folly
portraiture
ex. Durer, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, van Eyck

Baroque

1545 CE - 1715 CE

extreme emotion
splendor
chiaroscuro
movement(climax)
religious fervor
domestic intimacy
ex. Bernini, Caravaggio

Neoclassicism

1750 CE - 1815 CE

replaced rococco
revival of classics(freedom, opposition to tyranny, valor)
ex. David

Rococco

1750 - 1800

light-hearted, escape from reality
daily life and landscapes
ex. Watteau, Fragonard

Romanticism

1789 CE - 1848 CE

replaced neoclassicism
emotion
exotic
nature
self-analysis
love/eternal feminine
nationalism
ex. Goya, Delacroix, Turner, Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Kant, Hegel, Marx, Goethe, Shelley, Byron, Wordsworth, Keats

Realism

1830 CE - 1870 CE

lower class
harsh working conditions
daily life
dark colors
ex. Millet, Courbet

Impressionism

1870 CE - 1890 CE

captures how light reflects off objects
blurry, thick brushstrokes
ex. Monet, Manet, Renoir, Degas

Post-Impressionism

1880 CE - 1900 CE

time period not art movement
individual styles
ex. Cezanne, Gauguin, van Gogh, Seraut

Expressionism

1905 CE - 1930 CE

using color to express emotion
radical distortion
subjective perspective
ex. Munch

Fauvism

1905 CE - 1908 CE

bright/bold colors
broad brushstrokes
originate in France due to political turmoil
influence of imperialism
ex. Matisse

Cubism

1907 CE - 1930 CE

geometric
Analytic: abstract/monotone
Synthetic: less abstract/more color/clear subjects
ex. Picasso, Barque

Dada

1916 CE - 1924 CE

reject traditional ideas
response to WWI
ready-made
ex. Duchamp

Surrealism

1924 CE - 1966 CE

influenced by Freud's theories about dreams
ex. Dali, Kahlo

Abstract Expressionism

1940 CE - 1950 CE

break from traditional art
devoid of recognizable content
ex. Pollock

Pop Art

1954 CE - 1970 CE

first truly American art movement
pop culture
ex. Warhol, Liechtenstein

Revolutions

Scientific Revolution

1500 CE - 1700 CE

Pasteur: germ therory & pasteurization

Reformation

1517 CE - 1600 CE

Counter-Reformation

1545 CE - 1648 CE

Enlightenment

1650 CE - 1800 CE

First Industrial Revolution

1760 CE - 1830 CE

Second Industrial Revolution

1867 CE - 1914 CE

Green Revolution

1940 CE - 1980 CE

Major Religions/Philosophy

Hinduism

Approx. 3000 BCE - Present

karma
reincarnation
rigid caste system

Judaism

Approx. 2000 BC - Present

Zoroastrianism

Approx. 600 BC - Present

Buddhism

Approx. 500 BC - Present

Confucianism

Approx. 500 BC - 850 CE

Shintoism

Approx. 500 BC - Present

Legalism

400 BC - 225 BC

Daoism

142 BC - Present

Christianity

32 CE - Present

Islam

622 CE - Present

Neo-Confucianism

0851 - Present

Trade Networks

Silk Road

Approx. 200 BC - Approx. 1600 CE