Brought on by the intellectual movements before it (Renaissance/Reformation). Natural Philosophy, or science, started to rise to prominence and conflicted with established truth brought on by the church.
Scientific Thought: Based on Aristotle. Earth is the center of the universe.
Magical Thought: Alchemy, astrology, witchcraft. Led to witch hunts in the 1500s-1600s in France and Germany.
Philosophical Thought: Plato, the maths, and logic.
Religious Thought: Had to be Catholic. It was hard to voice opinions because of the church (except in France, where the state controlled the church). Protestants believed in Scientific thought.
- Heliocentric universe resulted in persecution by the church.
- Argues for separation between theology and science.
- Responsible for the early battle between Faith and Reason.
- Inductive Reasoning, aka scientific observation.
- Deductive Reasoning, aka scientific experimentation.
- "Father of Modern Philosophy"
- Principia Mathematica.
- Applied math to Galileo and Kelper thought.
- 3 Laws of Motion.
Collectively led to improvements in medicine, weapons, astronomy, and travel.