The cultivation of Tobacco in the colonies, namely Virginia, created a demand for cheap Labor. Most people believed slavery to be morally OK so they began to import African Slaves.
Refers to the part of the Transatlantic Slave trade where africans were packed onto ships and shipped to the Americas. The conditions were absolutely horrible and many of the Africans died. Enslaved people lay chained in rows with almost no room at all.
Characteristics of Slavery in the Chesapeake and South Carolina
These colonies used Chattel Slavery, where slaves were sold, traded, and treated as property. Typically abuse was common and the conditions were harsh. There was segregation to ensure that there was no rise in black power.
An Idea by philosopher John Locke that every human was entitled to the right to Life, Liberty, and Property
Usually actual rebellions were Rare, and typically resistance took the form of petty defiance such as defying their masters, running away, sabotage, or stealing.
Communities Composed of runaway slaves, often in the wilderness, away and isolated from society where they were safe.
Rebellion of mostly farmers and indentured servants that exposed the tensions between the classes. Lead to a transition from Indentured Servitude to Slavery.
The Largest slave rebellion in US history, was lead and organized by Slaves who tried to flee to Spanish Florida where they would be free.
The process in which a slave owner freed their slaves, Lead to about 10,000 slaves being released,
Enlightenment’s impact on manumission
Christians were influenced to free their slaves as many began to view it as morally wrong.
Slaves freed after Revolution
Many Africans fought for both sides during the Revolutionary war, and while some received liberty, many others remained slaves.
The invention of the Cotton Gin by Eli Whitney led to a massive increase in the production of Cotton, which greatly increased the need for cheap Labor. This lead to the creation of large plantations and what most people envision when they think of Southern Slavery
New York Emancipation Act of 1799
Freed slaves born after 1799, however there were bound to indentured servitude until they were young adults.
American Colonization Society
Created by Reverend Robert Finley, was created to assist free blacks in emigrating to Africa.
First African American Governor
Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback was the first African American Governor
First African American Justice to serve on the supreme court, influential in Brown v Board of Education