African American Timeline

Events

Africans and the Slave Trade

1630

The cultivation of Tobacco in the colonies, namely Virginia, created a demand for cheap Labor. Most people believed slavery to be morally OK so they began to import African Slaves.

Middle Passage

1630

Refers to the part of the Transatlantic Slave trade where africans were packed onto ships and shipped to the Americas. The conditions were absolutely horrible and many of the Africans died. Enslaved people lay chained in rows with almost no room at all.

Characteristics of Slavery in the Chesapeake and South Carolina

1640

These colonies used Chattel Slavery, where slaves were sold, traded, and treated as property. Typically abuse was common and the conditions were harsh. There was segregation to ensure that there was no rise in black power.

Natural RIghts

1650

An Idea by philosopher John Locke that every human was entitled to the right to Life, Liberty, and Property

Slave Resistence

1650

Usually actual rebellions were Rare, and typically resistance took the form of petty defiance such as defying their masters, running away, sabotage, or stealing.

Maroon Communities

1660

Communities Composed of runaway slaves, often in the wilderness, away and isolated from society where they were safe.

Bacons Rebellion

1676

Rebellion of mostly farmers and indentured servants that exposed the tensions between the classes. Lead to a transition from Indentured Servitude to Slavery.

Stono Rebellion

1739

The Largest slave rebellion in US history, was lead and organized by Slaves who tried to flee to Spanish Florida where they would be free.

Manumission

1778

The process in which a slave owner freed their slaves, Lead to about 10,000 slaves being released,

Enlightenment’s impact on manumission

1780

Christians were influenced to free their slaves as many began to view it as morally wrong.

Slaves freed after Revolution

1783

Many Africans fought for both sides during the Revolutionary war, and while some received liberty, many others remained slaves.

Cotton GIn

1793

The invention of the Cotton Gin by Eli Whitney led to a massive increase in the production of Cotton, which greatly increased the need for cheap Labor. This lead to the creation of large plantations and what most people envision when they think of Southern Slavery

New York Emancipation Act of 1799

1799

Freed slaves born after 1799, however there were bound to indentured servitude until they were young adults.

American Colonization Society

1816

Created by Reverend Robert Finley, was created to assist free blacks in emigrating to Africa.

First African American Governor

1872

Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback was the first African American Governor

Marshall Thurgood

1967

First African American Justice to serve on the supreme court, influential in Brown v Board of Education