Middle East 1850-2000

Events

Suez Canal is Completed

1869

The Suez Canal is an man made waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea. It was constructed by the Suez Canal Company between 1859 and 1869.

Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire

1908 - 1922

Leading up to 1922 the Ottoman Empire was known as the sick man of Europe due to them being weaker than the predominant European powers, the Ottoman Empire was dissolved soon after the end of World War I.

Armenian Genocide

1915 - 1917

The Armenian Genocide was the Ottoman government's systematic extermination of 1.5 million Armenians, who were a Christian minority and lived as second class citizens subject to legal restrictions which denied them normal safeguards.

Battle of Gallipoli

April 25, 1915 - January 8, 1916

A battle fought during World War I by the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand against the Ottoman Empire where after eight months of fighting the Ottomans eventually received a resounding victory.

Egypt becomes independant

1922

In 1922 Egypt, like many other countries around it, is granted independence from British rule.

North Korea becomes Communist

1945

Following World War II the USSR occupied Northern Korea making their government and economy communist.

African decolonization

1947 - 1962

In between 1947 and 1962 many European colonies were dissolved and the local Africans given autonomy or independence.

Israel Becomes a New Jewish State

1948

In 1948 Israel declares independence and Arab-Israeli war erupts.

Primary Source: "In 1948 I had two brothers and sisters and they were in Israeli during the Arab-Israeli war. In the beginning of 1948 my oldest brother died and then my dad decided that there was no reason to stay in Turkey. He decided that him, my mother, and I had to go to Israel. I was 13. We lived in Izmir and we went by train to Istanbul and from there we got on a ship that was very overcrowded. In the time it took for us to go from Istanbul to Israel there was a big storm and when we arrived to Israel at night they couldn't drop us off at Haifa so they dropped us off on the Netanya Beach. My brother's close friend came and took us to their home. While we were driving to their home we weren't allowed to make a lot of noise or have the headlights of the car on because there was a war going on. We were in the car for two and a half hours."

Suez Crisis

1956

The Suez Crisis was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, the United Kingdom and France.

All US Citizens get the Right to Vote

1965

In 1965 the Voting Rights Act is signed into law, prohibiting any election practice that denies the right to vote to citizens on the basis of race.

6 Day War

June 5th 1967 - June 10th 1967

The Six-Day War was fought in 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, and Syria.

Primary Source: "During the six day war I was working with a construction company in Sinai. On the day before the war started on every radio channel Israeli and Arabic there was talk about a big war. It was so terrifying because my family, friends, and I all thought that since the enemy was so strong that Israel would lose and no longer exist. After the first day, when they announced that Israel had held off the Arabic forces and it gave everyone strength hearing this. On the third day, Israel destroyed most of the enemy tanks and the army began to move further south pushing the enemy forces back. While we were forcing the Arabic armies back we gained more and more pride in that we were holding off such a large and powerful army. And every day we moved further and further south and after six days from the beginning of the war Israel conquered Eastern Jerusalem which was controlled by Arabic forces."

First Man on the Moon

1969

On July 20, 1969 the Apollo 11 landed on the moon ending the space race between the USSR and the US.

Iran Revolution

January 1978 - February 1979

The Iran Revolution was the popular uprising in Iran that resulted in the toppling of the monarchy and led to the establishment of an Islamic republic.

Chernobyl Disaster

1986

In 1986 a nuclear power plant in Ukraine had a melt down in which toxic radioactive plumes drifted over large parts of the western Soviet Union and Europe. 36 hours after the accident Soviet officials enacted a 10-kilometer exclusion zone which resulted in the rapid evacuation of 49,000 people and their animals. As the plumes spread eventually up to 350,000 people were displaced.

Yemen Civil War

May 4th 1994

The 1994 civil war in Yemen was a conflict waged between the two Yemeni forces. The pro-union northern and the socialist separatist southern Yemeni states.