Chapter 15-16 Timeline

Events

Abraham Lincoln is Elected

Nov 6, 1860

When Abraham Lincoln was elected it became a big threat to the South because he was planning to end slavery. This led to the South to begin seceding.

South Carolilna Secedes From The Union

Dec 20, 1860

The secession of South Carolina was the beginning of the formation of The Confederate States of America. They seceded because they believed that Lincoln was a threat to slavery and it goes to show how much the South wanted to hold firm to their beliefs of state's rights and slavery.

The Confederate States of America is Formed

Feb 4, 1861

Opposing views between state's rights and slavery with the Union led to South Carolina seceding with then led to 10 other states to secede as well. Jefferson Davis was elected president and they formed a government that they agreed on and this ultimately resulted in the Union clashing against them in the Civil War.

The Battle of Bull Run

July 21, 1861

The Battle of Bull Run was the first battle of the Civil War that the Confederate Army won. Both sides (Union and Confederates) knew that the Civil War was going to be a long and hard struggle.

The Battle of Antietam

September 17, 1862

This was a 1 day battle in the Civil war in which about 2,000 soldiers on each side were killed. This battle was significant because it gave Lincoln a morale boost to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.

Emancipation Proclamation

January 1, 1863

The Emancipation Proclamation was issued after they realized it was going to be an advantage for the Union army, it was made to release all slaves throughout the country. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free".

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863 - July 3, 1863

The Battle of Gettysburg is the bloodiest battle of the Civil War with 46,286 casualties. It is known as the turning point of the Civil War (on a positive side for the Union) because the Confederate Army was never able to recover after this battle.

Freedman's Bureau Established

Mar 3, 1865

This move by the government was very much hated by the South because it helped former slaves and African Americans. It helped African Americans get jobs, houses, and education.

General Robert E. Lee Surrenders

April 9, 1865

The surrender occurred at the Appomattox Courthouse and it marked the end of one of the bloodiest wars in America's history, the Civil War. Following this event, reconstruction occurred to rebuild the United States

Abraham LIncoln is Assassinated

April 14, 1865

Even after the war ended, some of the Confederates still highly criticized Lincoln and his political views on former issues such as slavery. He had many plans for reconstruction and reuniting the Union but he wasn't able to see it become a reality because he was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth in Fords Theatre.

The 13th Amendment is adopted

Dec 6, 1865

This was the amendment that abolished slavery, which basically ended the economic way of life in the South. They had depended on slavery for approximately 200 years.

Ku KLux Klan is Established

Dec 24, 1865

This group formed of Confederate whites believed in a white supremacy. They terrorized and killed African Americans to prevent them from voting and attempted to limit their rights. This also ignited the need for a civil rights movement.

First Reconstruction Act is passed

March 2, 1867

It divided the South into 5 military districts under a general. Readmission to the Southern states would be accepted if states ratified the 14th amendment and universal male suffrage. It forced Southern states to give in and accept blacks as equal.

14th Amendment is adopted

July 9, 1868

It forbade states to deny any citizens rights granted by the government. It provided full citizenship and rights to African Americans.

15th Amendment is established

Feb 3, 1870

It gave all males including African Americans the right to vote and the Southern states could no longer prevent a male from voting on the basis of color or race. This gave blacks the same social status as whites after this amendment.