1900 C.E to present

Events

Sandino is Murdered in Nicaragua

5-18-1895 - 2-21-1934

Augusto Nicolás Sandino, also known as Augusto César Sandino, was a Nicaraguan revolutionary and leader of a rebellion between 1927 and 1933 against the U.S. military occupation of Nicaragua. and was killed in Micaragua in 1934.

camp Established at Guantanamo Bay

1898 - 2-23-1903

The Guantanamo Bay detention camp is a United States military prison located within Guantanamo Bay Naval Base,[1] also referred to as Guantánamo, which fronts on Guantánamo Bay in Cuba

Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinan

6-28-1914

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, occurred in Sarajevo when they were shot dead by Gavrilo Princip.

German resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare

1915

Unrestricted submarine warfare was first introduced in World War I, when Germany declared the area around the British Isles a war zone, in which all merchant ships, including those from neutral countries, would be attacked by the German navy.

gallipoli campaign begins

04/25/1915 - 1/1916

The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Battle of Gallipoli or the Dardanelles Campaign, was an unsuccessful attempt by the Allied Powers to control the sea route from Europe to Russia during World War I.

Construction of Berlin war

8-13-1916

The Berlin Wall during the early years of the Cold War, West Berlin was a geographical loophole through which thousands of East Germans fled to the democratic West. In response, the Communist East German authorities built a wall that totally encircled West Berlin. It was thrown up overnight.

Bolshevik Revolution

1917 - 1918

The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the eventual rise of the Soviet Union.

Civil War in Russia

1917 - 1922

The Russian Civil War was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future.

Treaty of Brest -litovsk

3-2-1918

Treaty of Brest-listovsk-Russia makes peace with Germany during world war 1.

paris peace conference

1919

The Paris Peace Conference, also known as Versailles Peace Conference, was the meeting of the Allied victors, following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers following the armistices of 1918.

Mussolini launches fascist movement

3-23-1919

Benito Mussolini, an Italian World War I veteran and publisher of Socialist newspapers, breaks with the Italian Socialists and establishes the nationalist Fasci di Combattimento, named after the Italian peasant revolutionaries.

first meeting of the league of nations

1-16-1920

The League held its first council meeting in Paris, six days after the Versailles Treaty and the Covenant of the League of Nations came into force. On 1 November 1920, the headquarters of the League was moved from London to Geneva, where the first General Assembly was held on 15 November 1920.

Lenin's Economic Policy

1922

The New Economic Policy was an economic policy of Soviet Russia proposed by Vladimir Lenin, who described it as a progression towards "state capitalism" within the workers' state of the USSR.

Castro comes to power in cuba

1926 - 2016

Cuban leader Fidel Castro established the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere after leading an overthrow of the military dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in 1959. and recently handed it to his brother.

first soviet five-year plan

1928 - 1932

The first five-year plan of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a list of economic goals, created by General Secretary Joseph Stalin and based on his policy of Socialism in One Country.

US stock market crash

10-24-1929

The Stock Market Crash ("Black Thursday"), was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, when taking into consideration the full extent .

Civil Disobedience Movement in india

3-12-1930

Indian independence leader Mohandas Gandhi begins a defiant march to the sea in protest of the British monopoly on salt, his boldest act of civil disobedience yet against British rule in India.

Japanese invasion of manchuria

9-19-1931 - 2-27-1932

The Japanese invasion of Manchuria began when the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan invaded Manchuria immediately following the Mukden Incident.

Long March by Chinese Communists

1934 - 1935

The Long March was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China, the forerunner of the People's Liberation Army, to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang army.

Hitler is Ruler in Germany

8-19-1934

Adolf Hitler, already chancellor, is also elected president of Germany in an unprecedented consolidation of power in the short history of the republic.

Stalin's "Great Purge" in USSR

1936 - 1938

The Great Purge or the Great Terror was a campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union.

invasion of china by Japan

1937 - 1945

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan.

Cardenas Nationalized oil Industry in Mexico

1938

The Mexican oil expropriation was the expropriation of all oil reserves, facilities, and foreign oil companies in Mexico.

german Auschluss with Austria

3-12-1938

On this day, Adolf Hitler announces an “Aeschylus” (union) between Germany and Austria, in fact annexing the smaller nation into a greater Germany.

Invasion of Poland by Germany

September 1, 1939 - October 6, 1939

The Invasion of Poland, also known as the September Campaign, or the 1939 Defensive War in Poland, and alternatively the Poland Campaign or Fall Weiss in Germany.

German invasion of USSR

6-22-1941 - 12-5-1941

Operation Barbarossa was the code name for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II.

Soviet victory at stalingrad

1942 - 2-2-1943

The Battle of Stalingrad was a major battle of World War II in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad in Southern Russia.

D-day, Allied invasion at Normandy

June 6, 1944

The Normandy landings were the landing operations of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.

capture of Berlin by soviet Forces

1945

The Battle of Berlin, designated the Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation by the Soviet Union, was the final major offensive of the European theater of World War II

Atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

8-6-1945 - 8-9-1945

The United States, at the order of President Harry S. Truman, dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki,during the final stage of World War II.

Establishment of united nation

10-24-1945

The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation and to create and maintain international order.

Arab-Israeli war

1948 - 1949

The 1948 Arab–Israeli War or the First Arab–Israeli War was fought between the State of Israel and a military coalition of Arab states, forming the second stage of the 1948 Palestine war.

Apartheid in South Africa

1948 - 1994

Apartheid was a system of institutionalized racial segregation and discrimination in South Africa

Creation of Israel

1948

On May 14, 1948, in Tel Aviv, Jewish Agency Chairman David Ben-Gurion proclaims the State of Israel, establishing the first Jewish state in 2,000 years.

Human Rights Declaration Adopted

12-10-1948

Eleanor Roosevelt with the Spanish language version of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) (text) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France.

Establishment of NATO

1949

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between several North American and European states based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.

establishment of people's Republic of china

10-1-1949

The Chinese Civil War and the victory of Mao Zedong's Communist forces over the Kuomintang forces of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, who fled to Taiwan, Mao declared the founding of the People's Republic of China.

Korean War

1950 - 1953

The Korean War began when North Korea invaded South Korea, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea. China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union gave some assistance.

Algerian war of liberation

1954 - 1962

The Algerian War, also known as the Algerian War of Independence or the Algerian Revolution was a war between France and the Algerian National Liberation Front, which led to Algeria gaining its independence from France.

partition of India

1954

The Partition of India was the division of British India which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.

french defeat at dien bien phu

5-9-1954

The Battle of Dien Bien Phu was the decisive engagement in the first Indochina War.

Establishment of Warsaw Pact

1955 - 7-1-1991

The Warsaw Pact, formally the Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation, and Mutual Assistance and sometimes, informally, WarPac. was a collective defense treaty among the Soviet Union.

suez Crisis

1956

The Suez Crisis, was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France.

uprising in Hungary

10-23-1956 - 11-10-1956

The Hungarian Revolution or the Hungarian Uprising of 1956 was a nationwide revolt against the government of the Hungarian People's Republic and its Soviet-imposed policies.

Great leap forward in china

1958 - 1961

The Great Leap Forward of the People's Republic of China (PRC) was an economic and social campaign by the Communist Party of China (CPC).

Sino-Soviet Rift

1960

The Sino-Soviet split was the deterioration of political and ideological relations between the neighboring states of the People's Republic of China and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics during the Cold War.

US troops in Vietnam

1965 - 1973

3,500 United States Marines came ashore at Da Nang as the first wave of U.S. combat troops into South Vietnam, adding to the 25,000 U.S. military advisers already in place. On May 5 the U.S. 173rd Airborne Brigade became the first U.S. Army ground unit committed to the conflict in South Vietnam.

Revolution in Iran

1978 - 1979

The Iranian Revolution refers to events involving the overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty under Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi.

Iran-iraq war

9-22-1980 - 9-20-1988

The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq, when Iraq invaded Iran, to August 1988.

Soviet Withdrawal from Afghanistan

5-15-1988 - 2-15-1989

The withdrawal of Soviet combatant forces from Afghanistan was under the leadership of Colonel-General Boris Gromov

Collapse of ussr

3-11-1990 - 12-25-1991

The Soviet Union was a result of the declaration number 142-Н of the Soviet of the Republics of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.

Persian gulf war

8-2-1990 - 2-28-1991

The Gulf War, codenamed Operation Desert Shield for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm in its combat phase.

Transfer of hong kong to china

7-1-1997

The transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China, "the Return" in China, The landmark event marked the end of British rule in Hong Kong, and is often considered to mark the end of the British Empire.

International outbreak of SARS

2003

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) was first discovered in Asia. The outbreak lasted approximately six months as the disease spread to more than two dozen countries in North America, South America, Europe, and Asia.

Terrorist Attack on London Subway

7-7-2005

The London bombings, also referred as 7/7, were a series of coordinated terrorist suicide bomb attacks in central London which targeted civilians using the public transport system during the rush hour.