Cold War, Decolonization, Emergence of New Europe

Events

Founding of United Nations

1945

Ho Chi Minh proclaims Vietnamese independence from French rule

1945

Yalta Conference

1945

Churchill's Iron Curtain Speech

1946

War between France & Vietnam

1947 - 1954

Truman Doctrine

March 1947

Marshall Plan

June 1947

Communist Takeover in Czechoslovakia

1948

Communist Takeover in Hungary

1948

Berlin Blockade

1948 - 1949

E & W Germany emerge as separate states

1949

NATO founded

1949

US financial aid to France

1950

Korean conflict

1950 - 1953

Death of Stalin

1953

SEATO founded

1954

Diem establishes Republic of Vietnam in south

1955

Austria established as a neutral state

1955

Warsaw Pact founded

1955

Polish Crisis

1956

Khrushchev's secret Speech denouncing Stalin

February 1956

Suez Crisis

October 1956

Hungarian uprising

October 1956

Sputnik launched

1957

Krushchev visit US

1959

Founding of National Liberation Front to overthrow Diem gov

1960

Failed Paris Summit

1960

600 American troops & advisors in Vietnam

1961

E Germany erects Berlin Wall

1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

Diem overthrown & assassinated

1963

Test Ban Treaty between Soviet Union & US

1963

Khrushchev falls from power

1964

Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia

1968

Nixon announces policy of Vietnamization

1969

Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty

1972

Cease fire announced

1973

Saigon falls to North Vietnamese troops

1975

Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

1979

Martial Law declared in Poland in response to Solidarity

1981

Death of Brezhnev

1982

Independent parties permitted in Hungary

January 11 1989

Solidarity legalized in Poland & free elections accepted by gov

April 5 1989

Hungary dismantles barriers along its borders

May 2 1989

Janos Kadar removed from office in Hungary

May 8 1989

Polish gov recognized RCC

May 17 1989

Solidarity victory in Polish Parliamentary elections

June 4 1989

Hungary proclaims self republic

October 23 1989

Gorbachev renounces Brezhnev Doctrine

October 25 1989

Berlin Wall Opened

November 9 1989

Large antigov demonstration in Czech crushed by police

November 17 1989

Czech opposition groups organize into Civic Forum & demand resignation of communist leaders responsible for 1968 invasion

November 19 1989

Czech communist leadership resigns

November 24 1989

Czech gov announces ministry with noncommunist members

December 3 1989

Ceausescu gov overthrown in Romania w/many casualties

December 22 1989

announcement of Ceausescu's execution

December 25 1989

Dubcek elected chairman of Czech Parliament

December 28 1989

Havel elected prez of Czech

December 29 1989

Slovenia and Croatia declare indep

June 1991

Macedonia declare indep

September 1991

Serbia & Montenegro proclaim a new Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

April 1992

War erupts in Bosnia & Herzegovina after Muslims & Croats vote for indep

April 1992

War breaks out in Kosovo, a province in Serbia

March 1998

NATO bombing of Serbia begins

March 1999

Kosovo declares indep

February 2008