600-1450 changes and continuities

Changes

Umayyads invade Africa

600 C.E. - 750 C.E.

The Umayyads invaded Northern Africa and spread Islam further.

Harsha's rule

606 - 647

Harsha was a king in India in the early 600's C.E.

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

Also known as the golden age of China. Confucius leader. Created lavish capital of Chang'an.

Rise of Islam

622

MAde the Middle East into a major trade center and grew to be a major empire.

First Mosque built in India

629

This shows how far Islam's influence extends and how big there empire is.

Pueblos and Navajo

700

The Pueblo and Navajo peoples start to settle in North America.

Conquest of sind by umayyads

711

This marked a more widespread amount of Islam coming into India.

Battle of Tours

732

A battle, led by Charles Martel, which stopped the Muslim forces from invading Western Europe.

Abbasids take over

750

The abbasids take over after the Umayyads decline and continue Islamic influence in Africa.

Neoconfusianism

772

A belief system that was influenced by confucianism.

Decline of Maya

900

The Mayan empire collapsed for unknown reasons.

Toltecs

950 - 1150

Another early mesoamerican society like the Mexican and tula.

Song

960 - 1279

gWas controlled by warlords, but the Song emperor Song Taizu brought them under his control.

Great Schism

1054

Marks the split between the Eastern and Western Churches of the Roman Catholic Church.

Norman conquest of England

1066

The Normans, led by Duke WIlliam the Conqueror, took England and connected England with the rest of Europe more strongly.

Seljuk Turks take Byzantine empire

1071

THe Byzantine empire was a major empire, but allowed the turks to run their military, this led to there downfall

First Crusade

1095

A series of religious wars sanctioned by the Catholic church in order to take the holy land back from under Islamic rule.

Tula

1125 - 1175

An early mesoamerican society that helped to shape later cultures

Bhakti Movement

1200

medieval revolution of hinduism which created sikhism.

Genghis Khan begins conquest

1206

This started the Mongol empire. The Mongols dominated from 1206-1368.

Sultanate of Delhi

1206 - 1526

A muslim kingdom based out of Delhi in order to spread Islam's influence.

Mongols sack Baghdad

1258

Baghdad was a major trade point, so when the Mongols took it, they secures there dominance in the area.

Marco Pollo's Travels

1275 - 1295

Poll's travels spread Chinese goods and culture. This made Europe was to trade with Asia for their luxury goods.

Ottoman Empire begins

1299

Was a Turkish empire and one of the three gunpowder empires.

Tenochtitlan

1300 - 1521

Was the major city for the Mexica people. Was also a major religious center.

Mansa Musa

1324

Made a pilgrimage to Mecca and distributed a hefty amount of gold to people along the way. While showing off the wealth of Mali, Africa, he also lowered the worth of gold.

Timbuktu becomes intellectual center

1324

This shows that Africa did have it's own intellectual ability and divers culture.

Ibn Battuta's exploration

1325 - 1349

Battue's explorations helped to spread knowledge of different cultures.

Collapse of Byzantine empire

1450

The ottomans defeated the Byzantines and took the city.

Continuites

Major export center

600 - 1450

China was, and is still, a major export area for luxury goods.

Confusianism

600 - 1450

Confucianism is a major religion and belief system in most of East Asia, especially in China.

Caste System

600 - 1450

The caste system was a social system in India. It was designed to keep citizens in there specific class and allowed for no movement.

Trade Center

600 - 1450

The middle east, especially during the height of Islam, was a major trade center for the world.

Sunni v. Shi'a

600 - 1450

The sunni and the Shi'a versions of Islam fought continually throughout history.

South Africa nomadic

600 - 1450

South Africa had more nomadic culture as to reduce exposure to disease.

Christianity

600 - 1450

Christianity dominated the area was the major religion in the area of england.

Northwest Africa trade center

600 - 1450

was the major trade outlet for Africa.

Hinduism

600 - 1450

Hinduism is the dominating religion in India for this time.

rritual sacrafice

600 - 1450

Ritual sacrifice was seen, especially in South America, in most of the civilizations.

Agriculture

600 - 1450

Agriculture led to a population boo which, in turn, led to Europe gaining popularity in the world.

agricultural based

600 - 1450

many of the societies where agricultural based, like the Maya.

Bubonic Plague on Silk Road

1347

This started one of the largest epidemics in history.