French Governments Timeline

Events

Ancien Regime

1400 - 1792

political/social system of France - hereditary monarchies - Valois/Bourbon dynasties

First French Republic

21 September 1792 - 1804

fall of the monarchy, establishment of National Convention, Reign of Terror, Thermidorian Reaction, founding of Directory, creation of the Consulate / Napoleon's rise to power

First French Empire

18 May 1804 - 11 April 1814

Napoleon's regime - Napoleonic Wars, Napoleonic Code

Second French Republic

1848 - 1851

1848 Revolutions - 1851 coup by Napoleon III, Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité

Second French Empire

1852 - 1870

Napoleon III's regime - Dreyfus Affair, Panama Canal, universal male suffrage, economic growth, liberal trade treaty w/ Britain (1860), legalised strikes, Falloux Law of 1850, Cobden-Chevalier Treaty of 1860, Treaty of Turin

Third French Republic

1870 - 1940

after defeat of France by Nazi Germany in WWII, political disruptions from Franco-Prussian War, formation of the Vichy government

Fourth French Republic

1946 - 1958

after WWII, social reform + economic development, Vichy gov't dissolved & Provisional Gov't instituted, Charles de Gaulle as leader from 1944-1946 & leaves after creation of 4th Republic

Fifth French Republic

1959 - present day

established under Charles de Gaulle after Algiers crisis of 1958