APUSH Unit 6

Events

Great Railroad Strike of 1877

1877

Began in Martinsburg West Virginia after Baltimore and Ohio railroad cut wages for the third time in a year.

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882

Federal law prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers.

Pendleton Act

1883

Federal law which established that positions within the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation.

Haymarket Riot

1886

Labor protest rally near Chicago's Haymarket square became a riot after a bomb was thrown at police.

Wabash v Illinois

1886

A supreme court decision that severely limited the rights of states to control interstate commerce and led to the creation of the ICC.

Interstate Commerce Act

1887

Act that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices.

Sherman Anti Trust Act

1890

Law that committed the American government to opposing monopolies.

Homestead Strike

1892

Conflict between strikers and private security agents. This lead to a setback among the unionization of steel workers.

Panic of 1893

1893

Economic depression marked by the collapse of railroad overbuilding and shaky railroad financing that led to bank failures.

Coxey's Army

1894

A protest march by unemployed workers from the US led by Jacob Coxey at Washington DC.

Pullman Strike

1894

A nationwide railroad strike in the US and a turning point in US labor law, pitted American railway union against the Pullman company.

Plessy v. Ferguson

1896

Supreme court case which established the separate but equal precedent.