War of 1812 Timeline Project

Events

Congress Declared War on Great Britain

June 18th, 1812

The War Hawks were focused men whose interest was to expand the borders of the nation, but they also wanted war against Britain because that could expand their border. They thought that war against Britain was the only way to restore America's national honor. However, the United States was completely unprepared because Jefferson previously downsized the army and cut their budget to a much lower amount of money.

Defeat of Tecumseh and the Creek War

1813 - 1814

During the Creek War, the Indian Confederation was fighting the Americans because they wanted to keep their land from being stolen by the Americans. The Indian Confederation's leader, Tecumseh, died in this battle, making the entire Confederation fall apart.

The Battle of Lake Erie

September 10, 1813

The Americans wanted control over Lake Erie, but the British didn't want that. The American ships destroyed the British Lake Erie fleet, forcing the British to move to the east.

The Burning of Washington and Dolley Madison

1814

The British burned the capital (Washington D.C.), burning many buildings like the White House, the Patent Office and the Supreme Court. This invasion forced James Madison to leave the capital, and Dolley Madison, the First Lady, rescued a portrait of George Washington and other items.

The Treaty of Ghent

August, 1814 - December 24th, 1814

The Treaty Of Ghent was a treaty signed to restore the country's state from the prewar times. John Quincy Adams signed it, and it didn't mention the impressment, which was a major cause of the War.

Oliver Hazard Perry

September 10th, 1814

Oliver Hazard Perry built his own ships and used them for war at Lake Erie. His ships destroyed the British fleet, and after the win, the Americans saw Perry as a hero.

Fort McHenry and the Star Spangled Banner

Approx. September 12th, 1814 - September 15th, 1814

The British were going to attack Fort McHenry at the Baltimore Harbor. At night, the British fleet started to bomb and shoot rockets at the Fort. In the morning, the Americans held up their flags, which showed that the Fort was still theirs. A young lawyer named Francis Scott King wrote a poem about the attack, that would later become the national anthem which is the "Star spangled Banner".

The Hartford Convention

December 15th, 1814 - January 5th, 1815

It was a place for all of the angry delegates from New England to discuss how much they disliked the government's current state. They were afraid that Madison would win Florida and Canada, because that way, the southern colonies would have more say in government. Also, the delegates threatened to leave the union if the didn't end.

Battle of New Orleans

January 8, 1815

The British military tried to capture New Orleans by sending 50 ships to transport 10,000 soldiers and take over New Orleans. The US won in a crushing victory.

Andrew Jackson

January 8th, 1815

General Andrew Jackson had setup a militia in case the British attacked New Orleans. He would later go on to become President of the United States after his crushing victory at the Battle.