US attempts to establish a democracy within Japan after WWII. Helps Japan rapidly grow and return to pre-war economic levels.
US financially aids post-WW2 countries to help make their economy stronger. This was made to contain the spread of communism and to create stronger relations between the US and EU countries.
The US pledges to provide financial aid to any country that is threatened by the spread of communism. It shifted the US policy within the Cold War from detente to containment.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization: made as a defense alliance against the SU and communism through financial and military aid to other countries.
China becomes a communist state when Zedong wins the revolution.
East Germany becomes the Democratic Republic of Germany (communist) and West Germany becomes the Federal Republic.
Between North Korea (aided by China) and South Korea (aided by US). It ended with a stalemate on the 38th parallel but tensions are still high.
Aims of economic expansion, employment growth, and a higher standard of living, to be encouraged through the common market for coal and steel. The common market would be based on equal access to the sources of production, the establishment of the lowest prices, improved working conditions, growth in international trade, and the modernization of production.
Conference in order to settle outstanding issues resulting from the Korean War and discuss the possibility of restoring peace in Indochina.
Made an alliance between the eastern European countries, mainly as a response to NATO. Includes USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania.
Communist North Vietnam (led by Mihn) vs dictatorship South Vietnam, proxy war within the cold war between SU and US, ended with North Vietnam takeover.
Sputnik satellite was launched by the SU, starting the space race between the SU and the US.
European Economic Community: creates a common market between several EU countries and improves all economies involved
Built because of mass migration from east to west Germany which hurt west Germany's economy and society.
SU (in good relations with the communist Cuban leader Castro) had missiles in Cuba that could destroy the US. Ended with a peace treaty that took SU missiles out of Cuba and US missiles out of Turkey.
GB prime minister, head of Labour Party
Led Partisan revolution and made Yugoslavia independent from SU
Soviet leader that brought on a period of de-Stalinization. His relaxed policies led to invaded countries revolting and demanding independence.
Established by Attlee ministration
"Era of Zhdanov"; post-1945 purge conducted in the SU against intellectuals, artists, and writers, condemned for their supposed “bourgeois” sympathies.
Idea that if both sides of a potential conflict are heavily armed, neither will attack the other in fear of total destruction (led by Eisenhower).
Passed in the US in response to Sputnik, it provided an opportunity and stimulus for college education for many Americans. It allocated funds for upgrading funds in the sciences, foreign language, guidance services, and teaching innovation. It also changed the education system in the US forever.