Ottoman Empire

Events

Osman I

1299 - 1326

Wins battle with Seljuk Turks and empire begins.

Battle of Bapheus

1302

First battle between Ottomans and Byzantines

Ottomans capture Bursa

1326

Bursa becomes capital

Orhan

1326 - 1362

Osman's son

Ottomans capture part of Anatolia and Bythinia

1329

Murad I

1362 - 1389

Decline of Bulgarian Empire

1364

Edirne captured

1369

Battle of Maritsa

1371

Serbia forced to declare loyalty to Ottomans

Battle of Kosovo

1389

Most of Serbia conquered
Murad I dies

Bayezid I

1389 - 1402

Battle of Nicopolis

1396

Bulgaria conquered

Ottoman Civil War

1402 - 1413

Crumbling Ottoman unity

Battle of Ankara

1402

Period of stagnation
Only time a sultan was captured in person

Mehmed I

1413 - 1421

Edirne serves as capital

1413 - 1458

Murad II

1421 - 1444

Siege of Constantinople

1422

Mehmed II

1444 - 1446

Battle of Varna

1444

Mora and Bulgaria brought under Ottoman state
Increases Ottoman authority in Balkans

Murad II 2nd reign

1446 - 1451

Battle of Kosovo II

1448

Balkans under full Ottoman domination

Mehmed II 2nd reign

1451 - 1481

Period 1: Essay (Classical Age)

1453 - 1566

Mehmed II captures Constantinople

1453

Final Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI dies

Mehmed II captures Morea

1460

Captured Bosnia

1463

Ottoman-Venetian War

1463 - 1479

Crimea = vassal of Ottoman Empire

1475

Albania conquered

1478

Bayezid II

1481 - 1512

Ottoman-Mamluk War

1485 - 1491

Ottoman-Venetian War

1499 - 1503

Selim I

1512 - 1520

Battle of Chaldiran

1514

Selim I defeats Ismail I (Safavid)
Ottomans gain control of East Anatolia

Syria and Palestine fall under Ottoman rule

1516

Bc Selim I beat Mamluk Sultanate

Selim I defeats Mamluk Sultanate

1516

Egypt falls under Ottoman Rule

1517

Suleiman I (Suleiman the Magnificent)

1520 - 1566

Suleiman I conquers Belgrade

1521

Suleiman I captures Rhodes

1522

Suleiman I besieges Vienna

1529

Annexation of Baghdad

1534

Suleiman I leads campaign against Safavids

1534 - 1536

Ottomans ruling over Hungary

1541

Siege of Tripoli

1551

Period 2: Essay

1566 - 1839

Selim II

1566 - 1574

Ottoman-Venetian War

1570 - 1573

Murad III

1574 - 1595

Ottoman-Safavid War

1578

By the end of the war, the Ottoman empire is at its greatest extent

Under Treaty of Istanbul, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and W Iran under Ottoman Rule

1590

Widest border in the east

Mehmed III

1595 - 1603

Ahmed I

1603 - 1617

Ottoman-Safavid War, OTTOMANS LOSE LAND

1603 - 1618

Ottomans lose land in the Caucasus and Azerbaijan Province

Treaty of Nasuh Pasha; OTTOMANS LOSE LAND

1612

b/w Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia

Mustafa I

1617 - 1618

Osman II

1618 - 1622

Mustafa I second reign

1622 - 1623

Regicide of Osman II

1622

Murad IV

1623 - 1640

Ibrahim

1640 - 1648

Mehmed IV

1648 - 1687

Polish-Ottoman War; Ottoman Empire reaches its maximum size in Europe

1672 - 1676

Battle of Vienna; Ottomans lose

1683

Suleiman II

1687 - 1691

Ahmed II

1691 - 1695

Mustafa II

1695 - 1703

Ottomans cede most of Hungary to Austria

1699

Ahmed III

1703 - 1730

Mahmud I

1730 - 1754

Osman III

1754 - 1757

Mustafa III

1757 - 1774

Abdulhamid I

1774 - 1789

Selim III

1789 - 1807

Mustafa IV

1807 - 1808

Mahmud II

1808 - 1839

Algeria conquered by France

1830

Egyptian-Ottoman War

1831 - 1833

Greek War of Independence; Greeks gain sovereignty

1832

Abdulmecid I

1839 - 1861

Tanzimat

1839 - 1876

Period 3: Essay

1839 - 1919

Crimean War

1853

War w Russia; Britain, France and Sardinia on Ottoman Side

Abdulaziz I

1861 - 1876

Romanian autonomous state established

1862

Mehmed Murad V

1876

Abdulhamid II

1876 - 1909

First Constitutional Period

1876 - 1878

Constantinople Conference; ends Tanzimat reforms bc they bankrupted the Empire

1876

Russo-Turkish War

1877 - 1878

Romanian and Serbian independence; autonomous Bulgarian principality; A-H occupies Bosnia

Tunisia --> French colony

1881

Egypt --> British protection

1882

Second Constitutional Period

1908 - 1918

Coincides w WWI, end of Ottoman Empire

A-H annexes Bosnia

1908

Young Turk revolution

1908

Bulgarian independence

1908

Mehmed V

1909 - 1918

Ottomans lose war w Italy; Italy gains Libya and Ottomans no longer have presence in N Africa

1912

First Balkan War; Albania gains independence

1912

Most of Ottoman Empire has disappeared except Istanbul

1913

WWI

1914 - 1918

Mehmed VI

1918 - 1922