Ancient Rom


Foundation of Rome

753 BCE

City ruled by a series of Kings

Formation of Republic

510 BCE - 509 BCE

Last king expelled from Rome and a Republic is formed

Rise of Rome

264 BCE

Rome becomes the most powerful city in Italy

Election of Tiberius Gracchus

133 BCE

Tiberius Gracchus was elected one of the ten tribunes and his reforms weaken the Senate which had gained power during and after the 2nd Punic War. He was assassinated this year.

Election of Gaius Gracchus

123 BCE

Gaius Gracchus elected as tribune.

Death of Gaius Gracchus

121 BCE

Consulships of Marius

104 BCE - 100 BCE

Marius holds 5 consecutive consulships, contrary to Curus Honorum

Birth of Julius Caesar

100 BCE

Civil war between Marius and Sulla

88 BCE - 87 BCE

Civil war between Marius and Sulla

83 BCE - 82 BCE

Sulla rules as dictator

82 BCE - 79 BCE

Death of Sulla

78 BCE

Caesar is made Chief Priest of Rome

63 BCE

His nephew Augustus was also born this year.

1st Triumvirate

60 BCE - 53 BCE

Pompey, Caesar, and Crassus

Caesar is made consul

59 BCE

Caesar's campaigns in Caul

58 BCE - 50 BCE

Caesar's invasion of Britian

55 BCE - 54 BCE

Crassus is killed

53 BCE

Pompey is killed

48 BCE

Caesar becomes a dictator for like and ruler of the Roman world

45 BCE

Assassination of Julius Caesar

44 BCE

2nd Triumvirate

43 BC - 33 BC

Antony, Octavian (Augustus) and Lepidus

Battle of Actium

31 BCE

Caesar's great-nephew and heir, Octavian defeat Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium (civil war). This is the beginning of Imperial Rome/The Roman Empire

Rule of Octavian

29 BCE

Augustus (still known as Octavian) rules Rome following a period of civil war. He established the Prinicpate.

Octavian becomes Augustus

27 BC

Octavian becomes the first Roman emperor and takes the title of Augustus. Augustus begins major public works in Rome.

Augustus' power grows

23 BCE

Augustus becomes maius imperium proconsulare and tribunicia potestas. These offices increase his personal power in both Rome and the provinces.

Augustus takes control over selecting his own successor

19 BCE - 18 BCE

Increase in Augustus' influence

12 BCE

Augustus becomes pontifex maximus, increasing his prestige and influence in matters of religion.

Death of Augustus

14 AD

Last Roman Emperor/Fall of Roman Empire

476 CE