City ruled by a series of Kings
Last king expelled from Rome and a Republic is formed
Rome becomes the most powerful city in Italy
Tiberius Gracchus was elected one of the ten tribunes and his reforms weaken the Senate which had gained power during and after the 2nd Punic War. He was assassinated this year.
Gaius Gracchus elected as tribune.
Marius holds 5 consecutive consulships, contrary to Curus Honorum
His nephew Augustus was also born this year.
Pompey, Caesar, and Crassus
Antony, Octavian (Augustus) and Lepidus
Caesar's great-nephew and heir, Octavian defeat Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium (civil war). This is the beginning of Imperial Rome/The Roman Empire
Augustus (still known as Octavian) rules Rome following a period of civil war. He established the Prinicpate.
Octavian becomes the first Roman emperor and takes the title of Augustus. Augustus begins major public works in Rome.
Augustus becomes maius imperium proconsulare and tribunicia potestas. These offices increase his personal power in both Rome and the provinces.
Augustus becomes pontifex maximus, increasing his prestige and influence in matters of religion.