Civil Rights

Events

Black Sunday

April 14 1935

Black Sunday was a severe dust storm that happened in April of 1935. It was one of the worst dust storms in Americas history and caused agricultural and economic damage.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 5 1955 - December 20 1956

The Montgomery Bus Boycott started in March 1954 when Claudette Colvin was arrested for not giving up her seat to a white woman. City officials and black leaders met to discuss the requirements of bus seating. Around December Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white person and so was Mary Louise Smith. After that WPC called for a one day boycott on December 5th. On December 5th, 90-100% of the black community chose to participate in the Montgomery Boycott. The MIA votes to extend the boycott. The boycott until December 5 1955 to December 20 1956. On December 20th the buses desegregated and the boycott ended.

Little Rock 9

1957

Little Rock 9 started when NAACP registered nine black students into Little Rock Central High School. They were all turned away by 2 guardsmen and were forced to leave. They all went to court and the court said to withdraw the guardsmen. Little Rock slipped students into school earlier than scheduled to bypass white protesters and begun rioting. After the rioting slowed down Little Rock Nine successfully entered the school.

Friendship Nine

1960

Friendship Nine was an African american group of men, who went to jail for staging a sit-in in a place that was segregated called McCrory's lunch counter. This was called "Friendship Nine" because 8 of the 9 boys went to Friendship Junior College.

Freedom Rides

May 4 1961 - December 10 1961

Freedom Rides were people who were civil rights activist and rode buses to segregated places in US.

March on Washington

August 28 1963

The March on Washington was a march where more than 200,000 Americans marched in Washington for jobs and freedom.

Sixteenth Street Baptist Church Bombing

September 15 1963

16th street baptist bombing was an act of white supremacist terrorism. It was taken place at an African American Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama. During the bombing 4 people died.

Selma- Montgomery March

March 7 1965 - March 21 1965

The Selma- Montgomery March lasted 5 days and was a 54 mile march. The march was held on a highway from Selma Alabama to the Capitol of Montgomery.

Watts Riots

August 11 1965 - August 16 1965

Watts Riots started when an African American was arrested for drunk driving. After they were arrested there were many riots that included murders, shootouts, protest and assaults.

Orangeburg, SC Massacre

February 8 1968

The Orangeburg Massacre was a shooting by officers on protesters at a South Carolina highway. There were 3 deaths and 27 injuries.