Russian Rev 1917-1924

Events

Czar Nicholas II abdicates and includes his son. The following day, Nicholas' brother, Mikhail announced his refusal to accept the throne. Provisional Government formed

3/5/1917

The February Revolution begins with strikes, demonstrations, and mutinies in Petrograd (also called the March Revolution if following the Gregorian calendar)

3/8/1917 - 3/12/1917

Lenin returns from exile and arrives in Petrograd via a sealed train

4/6/1917

The July Days begin in Petrograd with spontaneous protests against the Provisional Government; after the Bolsheviks unsuccessfully try to direct these protests into a coup, Lenin is forced into hiding

7/16/1917 - 7/20/1917

Alexander Kerensky becomes Prime Minister of the Provisional Government

7/24/1917

The October Revolution - the Bolsheviks take over Petrograd (also called the November Revolution if following the Gregorian calendar)

11/7/1917

The Winter Palace, the last holdout of the Provisional Government, is taken by the Bolsheviks; the Council of People's Commissars (abbreviated as Sovnarkom), led by Lenin, is now in control of Russia

11/8/1917

The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, between Germany and Russia, is signed and takes Russia out of World War I

3/3/1918

The Bolshevik Party changes its name to the Communist Party

3/8/1918

Russian civil war begins

6/1/1918

Czar Nicholas II and his family are executed

7/17/1918

An assassination attempt leaves Lenin seriously wounded

8/30/1918

Russian Civil War ends

11/1/1920

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) established

12/30/1922

Lenin dies, Stalin becomes successor

1/21/1924