The British Empire 1857-1967

Events

Indian Mutiny

1857 - 1858

Government of India Act established the India Office as a formal branch of British Government

1858

British North America Act federated the Dominion of Canada

1867

opening of Suez Canal

1869

Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India

1876

Zulu War: Zululand becomes a protectorate

1879

First Ango-Boer War

1880 - 1881

Occupation of Egypt

1882

Berlin Conference outlined African spheres of influence for European powers

1884 - 1885

Formation of Indian National Conference

1885

Crown Colony of Bechuanaland created in southern Africa

1885

General Gordon killed in Khartoum

1885

Charter granted to British South Africa Company

1888

Charter granted to British East Africa Company

1888

Jameson Raid (Transvaal)

1895

Battle of Omdurman

1898

Fashoda incident: Britain established control over Sudan

1898

Second Boer War: Trasvaal and Orange Free State forced to accept British rule

1899 - 1902

Ango-French entente

1904

Partition of Bengal

1905

Formation of Muslim League in India

1906

Responsible government granted to Orange Free State and Transvaal

1907

Creation of the Union of South Africa

1910

Egypt became a protectorate

1914

First World War

1914 - 1918

Imperial War Conference and cabinet established

1917

Balfour Declaration committed Britain to a national Jewish homeland

1917

Amristar Massacre

1919

British mandates established in Iraq, Transjordan and Palestine

1920

Declaration of Egyptian independence

1922

Founding of Irish Free State

1922

Dominions known as Commonwealth countries

1926

Balfour Report defined Dominion status

1926

Gandhi led civil disobedience campaign

1930

Statute of Westminster granted Dominions full independence

1932

Establishment of Imperial Preference tariff system at the Ottowa Conference

1932

Government of India Act gave responsible self-government to Indian provinces

1935

Arab rebellion in Palestine

1936

Ango-Egyptian Treaty: Britain recongnised Egyptian soverignty

1936

Second World War

1939 - 1945

'Quit India' Movement

1942

Independence and Partition of India and Pakistan

1947

State of Israel created: Britain withdrew from Palestine

1948

Burma and Ceylon gained independence

1948

Irish Republic left the Commonwealth

1948

Mau Mau rebellion in Kenya

1952 - 1956

British agreed to withdraw forces from Suez Canal Zone

1954

Suez Crisis

1956

Ghana and Malaya become independent

1957

Harold Macmillan's 'wind of change' tour of Africa

1960

Nigeria and Cyprus become independent

1960

Sierra Leone and Tanzania gained independence

1961

South Africa withdrew from Commonwealth

1961

creation of Federation of Malaysia

1963

Kenya granted independence

1963

Southern Rhodesia declared independence from Britain

1965