Jesus ascended into heaven, body and soul, 40 days after his resurrection. This event occurred in the year 33 AD.
Pentecost occurred in 33 AD, 50 days before Jesus' death. It was when the Holy Spirit came down upon the apostles in the form of tongues of fire.
Jesus resurrected from the dead on Easter Sunday. This event occurred three days after his death.
The Edict of Milan permanently established religious toleration for Christianity within the Roman Empire. It occurred during the year 313 AD.
The Great Schism was a split between the Eastern Church and the Western Church. It was the final separation between the two Churches.
The Protestant Reformation was the period of time when Christians broke away from the Catholic Church to create their own branches of Christianity. It occurred from the years 1517 to 1648.
Saint Pope John Paul II the Great was pope from 1978 to 2005. He died in his residence in Vatican city, and was later canonized.
Pope Francis was elected as the pope in the year 2013. He is currently the pope of the Catholic Church in present day.
St. Augustine of Hippo was born on November 13th, 354 AD. His father was a pagan. He had a rough start to his life, but trusted God would lead him the right way.
St. Augustine of Hippo dies on August 28th, 430 AD. He was a bishop, teacher and author. His teachings and books were presented so greatly that he was canonized and made a Doctor of the Church.
St. Brigid of Kildare was born in the year 451 AD. She was a milkmaid and her father was a chieftain. She was very selfless and always gave her butter to people who didn't have any food.
St. Brigid of Kildare died in the year 525 AD. Her feast day is on February 1st.
St. Anthony of Padua was learned theology and Latin Abbey, and eventually was asked to preach. Anyone could understand his teachings. After his death, he was canonized and made a Doctor of the Church on June 13th.
St. Thomas Aquinas was born in the year 1225 in Roccasecca, Italy. His teaching greatly contributed to our beliefs today.
St. Thomas Aquinas died on March 7th, 1274. He was later canonized and made a Doctor of the Church.
Pope Boniface VIII canonized St. Augustine of Hippo in 1303. Shortly after this, he became a Doctor of the Church.
St. John of the Cross lived a life of poverty and persecution. He wrote many books on spiritual growth and prayer. Through the teaching presented in his books, he was made a Doctor of the Church shortly after his canonization on December 14th.
St. Marianne Cope was born on January 23rd, 1838 in Germany, and died on August 9th, 1918. Most of her life was spent selflessly. She helped and worked with lepers in Hawaii, who weren't seen well in society.
St. Katharine Drexel was the second American saint to be canonized. She was an heiress with a lot of money, and used it for good. She gave money to those who needed it, and became a religious sister and an educator.
The Council of Nicaea was the first ecumenical council of the Catholic Church. It was held from May 20th to June 19th, 325 AD.
The Council of Constantinople adopted what is known as the "Nicene Creed" into the Church. The Nicene Creed is said in the mass, more than the Apostles creed.
The Council of Ephesus was held in Ephesus, and was concerned with Jesus' human and divine nature.
The Council of Chalcedon declared that Jesus' divine and human natures unite without change, division and without confusion.
The Council of Trent defined key doctrines of the Church: the necessity of both Scripture and Tradition, the importance of good works aided by grace, the seven sacraments, the hierarchical Church, the divine institution of the priesthood, transubstantiation and the sacrificial character of the Mass.
Vatican I enhanced the potential for papal ministry in the Church. It also spurred an internal spiritual renewal of the Church.
The purpose of Vatican II was an update that would be a pastoral response of the Church to the contemporary needs of the modern world. This council led to small changes in the mass, such as the way we say "and with your spirit" instead of "and also with you" to the priest.