Church History Timeline Chloe Matuska

Events

Jesus' Resurrection

33 AD

Jesus resurrected from the dead on Easter Sunday. This event occurred three days after his death.

Pentecost

33 AD

Pentecost occurred in 33 AD, 50 days before Jesus' death. It was when the Holy Spirit came down upon the apostles in the form of tongues of fire.

Jesus' Ascension

33 AD

Jesus ascended into heaven, body and soul, 40 days after his resurrection. This event occurred in the year 33 AD.

Edict of Milan

313 AD

The Edict of Milan permanently established religious toleration for Christianity within the Roman Empire. It occurred during the year 313 AD.

Great Schism

1054 AD

The Great Schism was a split between the Eastern Church and the Western Church. It was the final separation between the two Churches.

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

The Protestant Reformation was the period of time when Christians broke away from the Catholic Church to create their own branches of Christianity. It occurred from the years 1517 to 1648.

Papacy of St. Pope John Paul II the Great

1978 - 2005

Saint Pope John Paul II the Great was pope from 1978 to 2005. He died in his residence in Vatican city, and was later canonized.

Papacy of Pope Francis

2013 - Present

Pope Francis was elected as the pope in the year 2013. He is currently the pope of the Catholic Church in present day.

Saints and Doctors of the Church

St. Augustine is born

354 AD

St. Augustine of Hippo was born on November 13th, 354 AD. His father was a pagan. He had a rough start to his life, but trusted God would lead him the right way.

St. Augustine dies

430 AD

St. Augustine of Hippo dies on August 28th, 430 AD. He was a bishop, teacher and author. His teachings and books were presented so greatly that he was canonized and made a Doctor of the Church.

Birth date of St. Brigid

451 AD

St. Brigid of Kildare was born in the year 451 AD. She was a milkmaid and her father was a chieftain. She was very selfless and always gave her butter to people who didn't have any food.

Death date of St. Brigid

525

St. Brigid of Kildare died in the year 525 AD. Her feast day is on February 1st.

St. Anthony of Padua's life

1195 - 1231

St. Anthony of Padua was learned theology and Latin Abbey, and eventually was asked to preach. Anyone could understand his teachings. After his death, he was canonized and made a Doctor of the Church on June 13th.

Birth date of St. Thomas Aquinas

1225

St. Thomas Aquinas was born in the year 1225 in Roccasecca, Italy. His teaching greatly contributed to our beliefs today.

Death date of St. Thomas Aquinas

1274

St. Thomas Aquinas died on March 7th, 1274. He was later canonized and made a Doctor of the Church.

St. Augustine is canonized

1303

Pope Boniface VIII canonized St. Augustine of Hippo in 1303. Shortly after this, he became a Doctor of the Church.

St. John of the Cross' life

1542 - 1591

St. John of the Cross lived a life of poverty and persecution. He wrote many books on spiritual growth and prayer. Through the teaching presented in his books, he was made a Doctor of the Church shortly after his canonization on December 14th.

St. Marianne Cope's life

1838 - 1918

St. Marianne Cope was born on January 23rd, 1838 in Germany, and died on August 9th, 1918. Most of her life was spent selflessly. She helped and worked with lepers in Hawaii, who weren't seen well in society.

St. Katharine Drexel's life

1858 - 1955

St. Katharine Drexel was the second American saint to be canonized. She was an heiress with a lot of money, and used it for good. She gave money to those who needed it, and became a religious sister and an educator.

Church Councils

Council of Nicaea

325 AD

The Council of Nicaea was the first ecumenical council of the Catholic Church. It was held from May 20th to June 19th, 325 AD.

Council of Constantinople

381 AD

The Council of Constantinople adopted what is known as the "Nicene Creed" into the Church. The Nicene Creed is said in the mass, more than the Apostles creed.

Council of Ephesus

431 AD

The Council of Ephesus was held in Ephesus, and was concerned with Jesus' human and divine nature.

Council of Chalcedon

451 AD

The Council of Chalcedon declared that Jesus' divine and human natures unite without change, division and without confusion.

Council of Trent

1545 AD - 1563 AD

The Council of Trent defined key doctrines of the Church: the necessity of both Scripture and Tradition, the importance of good works aided by grace, the seven sacraments, the hierarchical Church, the divine institution of the priesthood, transubstantiation and the sacrificial character of the Mass.

First Vatican Council

1869 AD - 1870 AD

Vatican I enhanced the potential for papal ministry in the Church. It also spurred an internal spiritual renewal of the Church.

Second Vatican Council

1962 AD - 1965 AD

The purpose of Vatican II was an update that would be a pastoral response of the Church to the contemporary needs of the modern world. This council led to small changes in the mass, such as the way we say "and with your spirit" instead of "and also with you" to the priest.