Civil Rights Movement Timeline

Events

Brown vs. Board of Education

May 17, 1954

Was one of the major legislations passed during the civil rights movement

Brown vs. Board of Education

May 17, 1954

Brown vs. Board of Education is a major event forward for the civil rights. Everyone part of the Civil Rights Movement had been waiting for months to find the perfect case to use and Brown was perfect a young black girl had to walk miles to get to school over train tracks busy roads etc to get to the black school when there was a white school just blocks from her house that she couldn't attend. They won and the Supreme court declared that segregated schools was unconstitutional. This was important because it was one of the first acts toward desegregation and was huge for schools in the south.

Rosa Parks

December 1, 1955

Rosa Parks was a major person of the civil rights movement. She refused to give up her seat on the bus after a long hard day of work and sat in a white only seat. She was arrested and went to jail all because she believed in desegregation. Therefore, Rosa Parks was a major person in the civil rights movement.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 5, 1955

The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a major movement forward for civil rights. it all stared four days before the boycott began. When Rosa Parks wouldn't move and give up her seat to a white male on a bus. she was arrested and fined. This is where the whole bus boycott started. It lasted for over a year that African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery, Alabama. This was huge because again just like everything else it brought attention to the issue of civil rights and was also a huge statement in that African Americans were willing to anything they had to accomplish civil rights even if it was something small.

Little Rock Nine

September 25, 1957

The Little Rock Nine was a major movement forward with civil rights. After Brown vs. Board of Education which said to desegregate the south schools immediately there were never really any cases of desegregation because no one was enforces the desegregation. Well when nine black children wanted to attend Central high School they couldn't dent them the right to go there since it was a public school. but it was not that easy Central high school was a all white school and parents couldn't stand the idea of there child going to school with a black child. there were protest from the parents in front of the school and the child needed to be walked from class to class and drive them home so they would be safe. This was huge because it showed to people that desegregation in schools wasn't easy but that it was possible.

Malcomn X

1960

Malcolm X was one of major people of the civil rights movement. He was the leader of the Black Muslims for awhile until he took a trip to the Holy Land and returned a new person and no longer believed in what he had before to he left the Black Muslims and was later assassinated by three Black Muslims who wanted to continue to preach black power. Malcolm X was a a big leader of civil rights though he believed in a different way of achieved it then MLKJ.

Black Muslims

1960

the Black Muslims were a backwards movement for civil rights. It was backwards because they were super strict group of all blacks they were like the KKK but with blacks they believed black were better then whites. No on could join military and they must depend on themselves to survive. there were over 100,00 members of the Black Muslims. There leader was Malcolm X until he resigned and was then killed by a member of the Black Muslims.This was backwards because when people saw this and they were black it put it in there minds this is why we have to have segregation because blacks are crazy they hate whites and was just an excuse for people to want it to stay the same.

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

October 19, 1960

The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee as a whole was a big movement toward civil rights. However, one particularly important event for civil rights was when MLKJ joined a student sit-in at a white only restaurant. Most everything at least on the side of the Civil rights activists was nonviolent hints the name. Which is why it is so crazy that King along with 51 other sit-in members were sentenced to 4 months in jail on the the charge of trespassing because they didn't have a permit. this is important because it got lots of attention mostly because King was arrested and probably the biggest person in the whole movement. this even got attention from the president at the time Kennedy whose brother eventually convinced judges to release King on bail.

The beginning of John F. Kennedy's Presidency

January 20, 1961

During the election of 1961 there were sit-in's, boycott and peaceful marches all across the country. it was hard to ignore however Kennedy did. Civil Rights were off to a really slow start at the beggining of his presidency. Kennedy addressed these events on a case by case basis ,but only when violence escalated to a point at which he was forced to respond. He helped pave the way for the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The reason Kennedy moved so slowly toward civil rights is because it could have harmed his possible re-election.

Freedom rides

May 4, 1961

The freedom rides were a huge movement forward for civil rights. The freedom rides were buses full of both black and white civil rights activists that rode on these buses all throughout the south. Challenging all of the south's white and black segregation laws. These were not easy rides for the riders they were called many names, spit on and one og the two buses was even firebombed by angry whites. If this isn't bad enough when the passengers arrived to the hospital they were refused medical care. There were many more events just like this to all the freedom riders. However, the freedom rides were huge in the movement towards civil rights because they shinned a national spotlight on the civil rights movement and caused many people to join the movement of civil rights.

Martin Luther King Jr.

1963

Martin Luther King Jr. was a major person in the civil rights movement. He was the leader of the whole movement he even went to jail for it. He was a pastor. He also wrote the I have a dream speech which is just one small thing compared to everything he did. Therefore, he was huge in the movement toward civil rights.

The March on Washington

August 28, 1963

The march on Washington was a major forward in the civil rights movement. With more than 250,000 people attending it is the largely public protest in history. The goal was to pressure lawmakers to change discriminatory laws. Everyone started at the Washington Monument and ended at the Lincoln Memorial. Where there would be speakers this is also where Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "I have a dream speech". This was a forward movement because it brought everyone from the movement together as well as received a great deal of media. this showed the importance of civil rights. It also got a lot of national and international attention.

The beginning of Lyndon B. Johnson Presidency

Approx. November 22, 1963

Johnson took a very different approach to Civil Rights then Kennedy he got right to it wasting no time. Johnson called for immediate action with Civil Rights. "Could more eloquently honor President Kennedy's memory than the earliest possible passage of the civil rights bill for which he fought." Said Johnson.He left like he owed it to Kennedy to accomplish what he wanted. During his time in office he did more for Civil Rights then all presidents before and after him.

Lydon B Johnson

1964

Lydon B Johnson was a huge person in the civil rights movement. he was the first president to really show that they cared at all about desegregation. He pushed laws to get passed and passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. He was different then most other civil rights activists because he had more power because he was the president of the United States. Therefore, he was a majer person in the civil rights movement.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

July 2, 1964

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was one legislation passed during the civil rights movement. This was differently the biggest legislation passed during this time because it outlawed "discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, required equal access to public places and employment, and enforced desegregation of schools and the right to vote." From US national park service. This was huge because after years and years and so many ;lives lost over this cause they finally got what they wanted.

Riots

1965 - 1968

The riots were a backwards event is the movement for civil rights. Now most of these riots that took place all over the United States turned violent but not from the protesters it was from the citizens who disagreed and would start fighting and things would esculate quickly from peaceful protest to riots. this was a backwards movement because it looked really bad for the civil rights movement even though it wasn't them it made them look bad.

Black Panther Party

October 15, 1966

The Black Panther Party was a backward s movement for the civil rights movement. It was based on the ideas of self protection. They had their own military mostly young men from the streets. They wanted to protect their neighborhoods from whit cops. This was a backward movement because just like all the other backwards there were they were turned back on the civil rights movement and the white police didn't like this.