World War II

Events

The Versailles Treaty

June 1919

France occupies the Ruhr

January 1923

The Locarno Agreements

October 1925

Onset of the Great Depression in Europe

1931

(Spring)

Japan occupies Manchuria

September 1931

Hitler comes to power

January 1933

Holocaust

1933 - 1945

Germany withdraws from League of Nations

October 1933

Hitler renounces disarmament, starts an air force, and begins conscription

March 1935

Mussolini attacks Ethiopia

October 1935 - 1936

Germany reoccupies and remilitarizes the Rhine

March 1936

Outbreak of Spanish Civil War

July 1936

Formation of the Rome-Berlin Axis

October 1936

between Italy and Germany

Anschluss with Austria

March 1938

annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany

The Munich Conference and the partition of Czechslovakia

September 1938

permitted Nazi Germany's annexation of part of Czechslovakia

Sudetenland

September 1938

World War II

1939 - 1945

St. Louis

1939

Hitler occupies Prague; France and Great Britain guarantee Polish independence

March 1939

The Nazi-Soviet Pact

August 1939

Germany and the Soviet Union invade Poland

September 1, 1939

Britain and France declare war on Germany

September 3 1939

The Soviet Union invades Finland

November 1939

London Blitz

1940

Germany invades Denmark and Norway

April 1940

Germany invades Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and France

May 1940

Invasion of France

May 10, 1940 - June 25, 1940

Fall of France

June 1940

Battle of Britain

August 1940 - September 1940

Germany invades the Soviet Union

June 1941

Japan takes Indochina

July 1941

Churchill and Roosevelt meet off Newfoundland to sign Atlantic Charter

August 1941

Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor; United States enters war against Axis powers

December 7, 1941

Battle of Guadalcanal

1942 - 1943

Battle of Midway

June 3 1942 - June 7 1942

Battle of Stalingrad

November 1942 - 1943

Allis take Sicily, land in Italy

July 1943 - August 1943

American, British, and Soviet foreign ministers meet in Moscow

October 1943

Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin meet at Tehran

November 1943

D Day

June 6, 1944

American, British, and Canadian troops landed on coast of Normandy

Churchill meets with Stalin in Moscow

October 1944

The Battle of the Bulge

16 December 1944 - 25 January 1945

Germans launched counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg through Ardennes Forest, last gasp for Germans in west

Battles of Iwo Jima & Okinawa

1945

Capture of Berlin by Soviet forces

1945

Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin meet in Yalta

February 1945

Hitler committed suicide

April 30, 1945

in underground bunker in Berlin

Germany surrenders

May 1945

Attlee, Stalin, and Truman meet at Potsdam

July 1945

Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

August 1945

Japan formally surrenders

September 1945