APUSH Timeline

Events

Colonial Period (1492-1763)

Approx. 1492 - 1763

1607 Jamestown colony founded

1607


James 1

1619 First Africans arrive in Virginia

1619

1620 Plymouth colony founded; House of Burgesses established in Virginia

1620

1630 Massachusetts Bay colony founded

1630


John Winthrop

1635 Roger Williams establishes Rhode Island colony

1635

Roger Williams

1637 Anne Hutchinson expelled for Massachusetts Bay colony

1637


Anne Hutchinson

1642-48 English Civil War

Approx. 1642 - 1648


King Charles 1

1662 Halfway Covenant established in New England

1662

1676 Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia

1676

1688 Glorious Revolution in England; William and Mary succeeded James II

1688

1692 Witchcraft trials begin in Salem

1692

1734 Great Awakening begins

1734

1739 Stono rebellion in North Carolina; George Whitfield begins preaching in America

1739

1754 French and Indian war begins; Albany plan of union

1754

1763 Pontiac's Revolt; Treaty of Paris

1763

The American Revolution (1763-1783)

Approx. 1763 - 1783

1763 Proclamation line of 1763

Approx. October 7, 1763

1764 Sugar Act

1764

George Grenville

1765 Stamp Act; Sons of Liberty formed

1765

1767 Townshend Duties; Dickinson's ” Letters of a Pennsylvania Farmer"

1767

John Dickinson

1770 Boston massacre

1770

1773 Tea Act; Boston Tea Party

1773


Samuel Adams

1774 Intolerable Acts; First Continental Congress

1774

1775 Lexington and Concord; Battle of Bunker Hill

1775

1776 Common Sense published by Thomas Paine; Declaration of Independence

1776

Thomas Paine

1777 British surrender at Saratoga

1777

1781 Articles of Confederation approved; General Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown

1781

1783 Treaty of Paris ends war, grants American independence; Newburgh conspiracy of American army officers

1783


King George 3

United States Constitution (1785-1789)

Approx. 1785 - 1789

1785 Land ordinance provides for early development of territories; Spain closes the Mississippi River to American shipping

Approx. May 20, 1785

John Jay

1786 Annapolis convention; Virginia adopts Jefferson's “Statue of Religious Freedom” Shays’ rebellion

1786


Thomas Jefferson
Daniel Shay

1787 Northwest Ordinance prohibits slavery in new territories; Constitutional Convention meets in Philadelphia

1787

1788 Federalist Papers published; New Hampshire is ninth state to ratify Constitution, making it the law of the land

1788


Alexander Hamilton

1789 Washington elected and inaugurated as president; French Revolution begins

1789


George Washington

The New Nation (1789-1824)

Approx. 1789 - 1824

1789 Judiciary Act sets up federal court system

Approx. September 24, 1789

1791 Bill of Rights approved; First Bank of United States chartered

1791

1793 George Washington issues proclamation of neutrality; cotton gin patented by Eli Whitney

1793

Eli Whitney

1794 Whiskey Rebellion

1794

1795 Jay Treaty; Pinckney Treaty; Treaty of Greenville

1795

1796 Adams defeats Jefferson for presidency

1796


John Adams

1798 XYZ affair; Alien and Sedition Acts; Virginia and Kentucky resolutions

1798

1800 Jefferson defeats Adams for presidency; Prosser's rebellion

1800

1801 John Marshall becomes Chief Justice; Midnight judges appointed by Adams

1801

John Marshall

1803 Marbury vs. Madison decision; Louisiana Purchase

1803

1804 Lewis and Clark expedition

1804

Lewis and Clark

1807 Chesapeake-Leopard incident; Embargo Act; Robert Fulton builds Clermont, first steamboat

1807

1811 Battle of Tippecanoe

1811

1812 Congress declares war on Britain

1812

1814 British burned Washington DC; Treaty of Ghent ends War of 1812; Hartford Convention

1814

1815 Jackson defeats British at New Orleans

1815

1819 Panic of 1819; McCollough v. Maryland decision

1819

1820 Missouri Compromise

1820

1823 Monroe Doctrine

1823


James Monroe

1824 Gibbons v. Ogden decision promotes interstate trade

1824

Jacksonian Democracy and Westward Expansion (1824-1850)

Approx. 1824 - 1850

1825 John Quincy Adams wins Corrupt Bargain presidential election

1825


John Quincy Adams

1828 Tariff of Abominations; Jackson wins presidency

1828

1830 Jackson vetoes Maysville Road extension; Baltimore & Ohio becomes first railroad company; Joseph Smith publishes Book of Mormon

1830

1831 Cherokee Nation v. Georgia denies Indian claim of nationhood; Nat Turner's Rebellion

1831

Nathaniel Turner

1832 Jackson vetoes US bank re-charter; Nullification crisis in South Carolina

1832

Andrew Jackson

1836 Texas independence fight; Gag rule prevents discussion of slavery in Congress

1836

1837 Panic of 1837

1837

1838 Trail of Tears

1838

1845 Annexation of Texas

1845


Sam Houston

1846 US declares war on Mexico; Oregon Treaty

1846

1848 Gold discovered in Northern California; Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo; Seneca Falls statement of women's rights

1848

James W. Marshall

1849 California gold rush

1849

Sectional Conflict and the Causes of the Civil War (1850-1860)

Approx. 1850 - 1860

1850 Compromise 1850; Fugitive Slave Law passed

Approx. January 29, 1850

1852 Uncle Tom's Cabin published

1852

Harriet Beecher Stowe

1854 Ostend Manifesto; Kansas-Nebraska Act; Republican Party formed

1854

1856 “Bleeding Kansas”

1856

1857 Dred Scott decision; Lecompton Constitution in Kansas

1857


Dred Scott

1858 Lincoln-Douglas debates

1858

Abe Lincoln
Stephen Douglas

1859 John Brown's Raid

1859

John Brown

1860 Lincoln elected president

1860

The Civil War and Reconstruction (1860-1877)

Approx. 1860 - 1877

1860 Crittenden Compromise proposed; South Carolina secedes

Approx. December 18, 1860

1861 Confederacy formed; firing on Ft. Sumter; First Battle of Bull Run

1861

1862 Shiloh; Antietam; Homestead Act; Emancipation Proclamation announced

1862


Abe Lincoln

1863 Vicksburg; Gettysburg; New York City draft riots

1863

1864 Grant takes command of all Union armies; Sherman captures Atlanta

1864

Ulysses Grant

1865 Lee surrenders at Appomattox; Lincoln assassinated; 13th Amendment ends slavery; Freedman's Bureau established

1865

Robert E Lee

1867 Alaska purchased from Russia; Grange founded

1867

1868 Pres. Johnson impeached; 14th Amendment passed; Grant elected president

1868


Andrew Johnson

1869 Transcontinental railroad completed; Knights of Labor formed

1869

1873 Slaughterhouse case; Panic of 1873

1873

1876 Custer defeated by Sioux at Little Big Horn

1876

Lieutenant Colonel George Custer

1877 Compromise of 1877; Reconstruction ends

1877


Rutherford B Hayes

Industrialism, War, and the Progressive Era (1877-1912)

Approx. 1877 - 1912

1878 Bland-Allison Act

1878

1879 Edison invents the light bulb

1879


Thomas Edison

1881 Pres. Garfield assassinated; Helen Hunt Jackson writes A Century of Dishonor

1881

James A Garfield

1882 Standard Oil Trust formed; Chinese Exclusion Act

1882

1883 Pendleton Civil Service Act

1883

1886 Haymarket Square bombing in Chicago; American Federation of Labor formed

1886

1887 Dawes Act

1887

1889 Jane Addams founds Hull House in Chicago

1889

Jane Addams

1890 Sioux massacred at Wounded Knee; Sherman Antitrust Act; Sherman Silver Purchase Act; US Census declares frontier’s end; Alfred Mahan writes The Influence of Sea Power upon History

1890

1891 Populist Party formed

1891

1892 Homestead Steel Strike

1892

1893 Panic of 1893

1893

1894 Pullman strike; Coxey’s Army

1894

1896 Plessy v. Ferguson upholds separate but equal; McKinley defeats Bryan for pres.

1896

Homer Plessy and John H Ferguson

1898 U.S.S Maine sinks in Havana Harbor; Spanish-American War, Dewey captures Philippine Islands; Hawaii annexed by U.S.

1898

1899 Aguinaldo leads Filipinos against Americans; Treaty of Paris ends Spanish-American War; Open Door Policy in China

1899

1900 Boxer Rebellion in China

1900

1901 Theodore Roosevelt becomes president

1901


Theodore Roosevelt

1902 Platt Amendment; President Roosevelt settles coal strike

1902

1903 U.S. recognizes Panama’s independence

1903

1904 Northern Securities Trust dissolved; Roosevelt Corollary declared

1904

1906 Upton Sinclair writes The Jungle; Pure Food and Drug Act; Hepburn Act; President Roosevelt wins Nobel Peace Prize

1906

1908 Taft elected president

1908

1909 NAACP formed

1909

1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Fire; Mexican Revolution erupts

1911

Wilson and World War I (1912-1920)

Approx. 1912 - 1920


Woodrow Wilson

1912 Roosevelt forms Progressive Party to Challenge Taft; Wilson elected President

1912

Teddy Roosevelt

1912 Wilson elected president

Approx. November 7, 1912


Woodrow Wilson

1913 16th Amendment (income tax) ratified; 17th Amendment (direct senator election) ratified

1913

Judge Jay Bybee

1914 Clayton Antitrust Act; Panama Canal opens; WWI begins

1914

1915 Germany sinks Lusitania

1915

1917 U.S. declares war on Germany; Espionage Act passed; Russian Revolution;

1917

Emperor Nicholas II

1918 Wilson proposes Fourteen Points; armistice ends war; U.S.

1918

1919 Treaty of Versailles; Red Scare and Palmer raids; Senate rejects U.S. role in League of Nations; 18th Amendment (Prohibition) ratified; Schenck v. United States.

1919

Charles T. Schenck

1920 19th Amendment (women’s suffrage) ratified

1920


Susan B. Anthony

The Roaring Twenties and Economic Collapse (1920-1929)

Approx. 1920 - 1929

1920 Sacco and Vanzetti arrested; Harding elected president; First commercial radio broadcast

Approx. November 2, 1920

1923 Teapot Dome scandal

1923


Albert Bacon Fall

1924 National Origins Act sets 2 percent quotas for immigration

1924

1925 Scopes Tennessee evolution trial

1925


John Thomas Scopes

1927 Lindbergh’s solo flight across the Atlantic; Al Jolson stars in The Jazz Singer, the first talking film

1927

Charles Augustus Lindbergh

1928 Hoover elected president; 52 nations sign Kellogg-Brian Pact renouncing war

1928


Herbert Hoover

1929 Stock Market crashes in October

1929


Clarence Hatry

The Great Depression and the New Deal (1929-1941)

Approx. 1929 - 1941

1930 Hawley-Smoot Tariff raises duties on farm products and manufactured goods

1930

1932 Bonus Expeditionary Force marches on Washington, D.C.; Franklin Roosevelt wins presidency

1932

1933 Prohibition repealed; Hundred Days of legislation follows FDR’s inauguration; FDIC established by Glass-Steagall Act; Agricultural Adjustment Act passed; National Industrial Recovery Act passed;

1933

...Tennessee Valley Authority established; Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) enrolls 250,000 young men; Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany

Adolf Hitler

1934 Securities and Exchange Commission established; Huey Long begins Share Our Wealth clubs; Dr. Francis Thompson promotes Old Age Revolving Pension Plan; Nye committee probes WWI profit during by...

1934

...American industrialists
Huey Long

1935 Schecter v. United States rules NIRA unconstitutional; Works Progress Administration established; National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act protects workers' rights; Social Security Act passed; ...

1935

...Congress passes first of annual neutrality acts

1936 FDR defeats Republican Landon and third-party Union party for president; General Motors sit down strike; Germany occupies the Rhineland; Spanish Civil War begins; Ethiopia falls to Italy

1936


Franklin D Roosevelt

1937 FDR proposes court-packing plan, which fails; Japan invades China

1937

1938 Appeasement at Munich by England's Chamberlain is Germany takes Sudetenland

1938

1939 Czechoslovakia falls to Germany; Austria votes to be annexed by Germany; Germany invades Poland; Neutrality Act allows cash-and-carry for military purchases; Germany and Soviet Union sign of...

1939

... nonaggression pact

Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, French Premier Edouard Daladier

1940 Germany conquers Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France; Congress approves first peacetime draft; US in Great Britain sign destroyers for bases deal; America First Committee...

1940

... established, urging US neutrality; Italy, Germany, and Japan form the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis; FDR wins unprecedented third term for president

1941 Lend-Lease Act allows US to financially assist allied nations; FDR and Churchill sign Atlantic Charter, pledging self-determination for all nations; Germany invades Soviet Union; Japan attacked..

1941

..Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, killing 2,323 US serviceman; US declares war and Japan on December 8

Admiral Yamamoto

World War II and the Postwar Era (1940-1960)

Approx. 1941 - 1960

1941 Axis powers declare war on the US three days after Pearl Harbor

December 11, 1941

1942 Japan captures Philippine Islands as Bataan and Corregidor fall; War production Board established; US begins interning Japanese American citizens; Germany sinks 400 American ships; Battle of ...

1942

...Coral Sea; Battle of Midway; US attacks Vichy forces and Germans in North Africa; Manhattan Project begins

1943 Casablanca Conference; Americans seize Guadalcanal Island; Soviets defeat Germans at Stalingrad; Allies invade Italy; Teheran Conference

1943

1944 Allies invade France at Normandy (D-Day) June 6; Battle of Leyte Gulf; Roosevelt elected president for fourth term; Island-hopping campaign retakes Guam Island; Battle of the Bulge

1944

1945 Yalta Conference; Hitler commits suicide in Berlin Bunker; V-E Day; Potsdam Conference; Bomb dropped on Hiroshima; Soviets declare war on Japan; Bomb dropped on Nagasaki; V-J Day

1945


Adolf Hitler

1946 Churchill gives “Iron Curtain” speech; George Kennan proposes containment policy

1946

Winston Churchill

1947 Truman Doctrine aids nations resisting Communism; Marshals Plan provides economic aid to Europe; House Un-American Activities Committee investigates Hollywood; Jackie Robinson breaks color line..

1947

...in baseball; Taft-Hartley Act slows growth of labor unions
Harry S Truman

1948 Soviets block access to West Berlin in Berlin Airlift; Alger Hiss case begins; Truman signs armed forces desegregation order; Israel becomes a nation; Truman defeats Dewey

1948

1949 NATO formed; Soviet Union explodes atomic bomb; Mao leads communist takeover in China

1949

Josef Stalin

1950 Korean War begins; U.S. troops invade North Korea; Chinese troops enter the war; Rosenberg spy trial begins; McCarthy begins anti-communist campaign; U.S. begins hydrogen bomb program

1950

1951 Gen. MacArthur relieved of command in Korea; Peace negotiations begin in Panmunjon, Korea

1951

1952 Eisenhower elected president

1952

1953 Korean War ends with truce and demilitarized zone

1953

1954 Brown v. Topeka Board of Education; Army-McCarthy hearings; French surrender at Dienbienphu in Vietnam; Sen. McCarthy censured by Senate

1954

1955 Martin Luther King, Jr. begins Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955


Martin Luther King

1956 Suez Crisis; Soviets crush Hungarian Revolt

1956

1957 Soviets launch Sputnik; Eisenhower Doctrine commits economic aid to Middle East; Little Rock school desegregation crisis

1957

1959 Castro takes over in Cuba; Soviet Premier Khrushchev visits U.S.

1959


Fidel Castro

The New Frontier, Vietnam, and Social Upheaval (1960-1972)

Approx. 1960 - 1972

1960 Kennedy and Nixon participate in first televised presidential debates; Greensboro sit-in protests; Kennedy defeats Nixon

September 26, 1960

John F Kennedy
Richard Nixon

1961 Bay of Pigs invasion fails; Freedom rides; Berlin Wall built;

1961

1962 Cuban Missile Crisis; Students for a Democratic Society formed

1962

1963 Rev. King begins Birmingham desegregation efforts; University of Alabama admits first black student; Civil Rights March on Washington; Premier Diem of S. Vietnam toppled by U.S.-approved coup; ..

1963

... President Kennedy assassinated

MLK

1964 President Johnson announces war on poverty; Freedom summer vote registration campaign in Mississippi; Civil Rights Act passed; VISTA established; Berkeley Free Speech Movement; Gulf of Tonkin...

1964

...Resolution passed; U.S. begins bombing of N. Vietnam; Johnson elected President

1965 Medicare funding begins; Race riots in Watts; Malcolm X assassinated; American combat troops sent to Vietnam

1965


Malcolm X

1966 National Organization for Women (NOW) formed

1966

1967 Race riots in Detroit and Newark; Massive antiwar protest in Washington, D.C.; Israel, Arab neighbors fight Six-Day War

1967

1968 Viet Cong launch Tet Offensive; Dr. MLK assassinated; Robert Kennedy assassinated; Protests at Chicago Democratic Convention; Nixon elected President

1968

1969 Woodstock festival; Apollo 11 crew lands on the moon

1969


Neil Armstrong
Buzz Aldrin

1970 U.S. invades Cambodia; Kent State Massacre

1970

1972 Nixon visits People’s Republic of China; Détente begins with Soviet Union; SALT I Treaty signed with Soviet Union

1972

Richard Nixon

Watergate, Conservatism’s Rise, and Post-Cold War Challenges (1972-2005)

Approx. 1972 - 2005

1972 Watergate break-in occurs at Democratic Headquarters; Nixon defeats McGovern for presidency.

June 17, 1972

1973 U.S., N. Vietnam sign Paris Peace Accords; Roe v. Wade expands abortion rights; Yom Kippur War in Israel; Vice-President Agnew resigns in disgrace

1973

1974 Impeachment proceedings against Nixon; U.S. v. Richard Nixon - tapes must be turned over; Nixon resigns; V.P. Ford succeeds him; Ford pardons Nixon

1974


Richard Nixon

1975 U.S. abandons S. Vietnam as it falls to N. Vietnam

1975

1978 Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt

1978

1979 U.S. and China establish diplomatic relations; Iran deposes shah; Iran militants capture U.S. embassy and take hostages; Soviet Union invades Afghanistan; Three-Mile Island nuclear accident; ...

1979

...Sandinistas overthrow Somoza in Nicaragua

1980 U.S. boycotts Moscow Olympics; Reagan elected president

1980


Ronald Reagan

1981 Iran releases hostages; Reagan breaks air traffic controller strike; Sandra Day O’Connor named first female Supreme Court justice; AIDS epidemic reaches U.S

1981

1982 241 Marines killed in Lebanon; U.S. invades Grenada

1982

1986 Iran-Contra affair; Challenger space shuttle explodes after takeoff

1986

1989 Exxon Valdez runs aground in Alaska; Students begin pro-democracy demonstrations in China; Berlin Wall falls

1989

1990 Saddam Hussein of Iraq invades Kuwait

1990

Saddam Hussein

1991 Operation Desert Storm ends Iraq’s occupation of Kuwait; Soviet Union breaks up as Cold War ends

1991

1992 Los Angeles riots follow Rodney King verdict; Clinton elected president

1992


Rodney King

1993 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) approved

1993

1995 U.S., NATO forces enforce peace in Bosnia

1995

1999 Clinton acquitted following House impeachment

1999


Bill Clinton

2000 George W. Bush defeats Gore in disputed election

2000


George W Bush