After the Versailles Treaty was broken, the Nazis marched into Rhineland. After WWI, Rhineland was declared a non-military zone. By the Nazis entering Rhineland, Hitler broke many treaties. This was the first illegal thing Hitler did since he came into power. By tacking back Rhineland, the Nazis became a lot closer to their rival countries.
In 1935, the Olympic Games were held in Berlin. Hitler used the games to show the rest of Europe his newfound power. An African-American befriended a German long jumper in front of Nazi forces. The German man was killed by the Nazis in front of children not long after because of their friendship. The games were 'given' to Germany because these games were held for the Nazis.
"Kristallnacht" or the night of the broken glass, began when a 17 year old Jewish boy killed a minister. Hitler ordered members of his secret police to kill, beat, torture and kidnap Jewish women and children. Stores were broken into, houses' windows were smashed, and synagogs were terrorized. After this night, Jewish men were automatically arrested for being Jewish and more than 25,000 Jews were sent to concentration camps. 7,500 Jewish businesses, 267 synagogs, and 17,000 Jewish homes were destroyed. It is called the night of broken glass because when the Nazis were done, the streets were covered in broken glass because of all the windows that were smashed.
On December 7, 1941, Japan attacks Pearl Harbor (located in Hawaii). This was a carefully thought out and planned attack. It was meant to destroy a battleship waiting to attack Japan. The U.S. was not prepared for this attack and over 2400 Americans died (civilians and soldiers). The U.S. sent a fleet of troops to Pearl Harbor to protect the waters from Japanese entering, but the Japanese were out of oil. Because of certain treaties, Japan wasn't able to get to Hawaii. In return, the U.S. bombed Japan.
The remainder of Nazi forces from the Battle of Stalingrad surrendered, there by ending one of the fiercest and bloodiest battles in the history of war. The Nazis wanted to launch a surprise invasion on the Soviet territory, but the Russian winter prevented them from reaching Moscow so they decided to go to the industrial city of Stalingrad and the oil rich Caucus region. The Nazis advanced quickly and began a massive bombing campaign that destroyed most of the city. Over the next 2 months the Nazi forces faces intense cold, starvation, and dwindling supplies while they tried to hold out. Friedrich Paulus was the commander in charge of the attacks. The Soviets offered Paulus The opportunity to surrender in January but HItler wouldn't let him.
While in his underground bunker, Hitler took a Cyanide capsule and shot himself in the head. The German troops in Italy laid down their arms. German forces in Holland, Denmark, and the Northwest Germany surrendered to British Field Marshall Montgomery.
After HItler committed suicide on April 30, Nazis signed the surrender document on May 7th ,1945. The war ended with Germany surrendering all of their weapons on May 8 at 11:01 P.M.