World War Two By Becca Ward

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1929: The Great Depression Takes Hold

1929

November 28, 1933: Hitler Appointed Chancellor of Germany

11/28/1933

June 30, 1934: Night of the Long Knives

09/30/1934

1935: Hitler tears up the ‘Treaty of Versailles’

01/01/1935

March 7, 1935: Nazi Troops Enter Rhineland

03/07/1935

After the Versailles Treaty was broken, the Nazis marched into Rhineland. After WWI, Rhineland was declared a non-military zone. By the Nazis entering Rhineland, Hitler broke many treaties. This was the first illegal thing Hitler did since he came into power. By tacking back Rhineland, the Nazis became a lot closer to their rival countries.

August 1-16, 1935: The Olympic Games are held in Berlin

08/01/1935

In 1935, the Olympic Games were held in Berlin. Hitler used the games to show the rest of Europe his newfound power. An African-American befriended a German long jumper in front of Nazi forces. The German man was killed by the Nazis in front of children not long after because of their friendship. The games were 'given' to Germany because these games were held for the Nazis.

March 13, 1938: Hitler Annexes Austria

03/12/1938

September 29, 1938: The 'Munich Agreement' Takes Place

09/29/1938

November 8, 1938: The Night of Broken Glass

11/09/1938

"Kristallnacht" or the night of the broken glass, began when a 17 year old Jewish boy killed a minister. Hitler ordered members of his secret police to kill, beat, torture and kidnap Jewish women and children. Stores were broken into, houses' windows were smashed, and synagogs were terrorized. After this night, Jewish men were automatically arrested for being Jewish and more than 25,000 Jews were sent to concentration camps. 7,500 Jewish businesses, 267 synagogs, and 17,000 Jewish homes were destroyed. It is called the night of broken glass because when the Nazis were done, the streets were covered in broken glass because of all the windows that were smashed.

March 15, 1939: Nazi Troops Enter Czechoslovakia

03/15/1939

September 1, 1939: Nazi Germany invades Poland. Evacuation begins.

09/01/1939

September 3, 1939: UK, France, and Commonwealth Countries Declare War

09/03/1939

June 22, 1941: Nazi Invasion on the Soviet Union Begins

06/22/1941

December 7, 1941: Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor

12/07/1941

On December 7, 1941, Japan attacks Pearl Harbor (located in Hawaii). This was a carefully thought out and planned attack. It was meant to destroy a battleship waiting to attack Japan. The U.S. was not prepared for this attack and over 2400 Americans died (civilians and soldiers). The U.S. sent a fleet of troops to Pearl Harbor to protect the waters from Japanese entering, but the Japanese were out of oil. Because of certain treaties, Japan wasn't able to get to Hawaii. In return, the U.S. bombed Japan.

December 11, 1941: U.S. Declares War on Germany

12/11/1941

January 26, 1942: U.S. Forces Arrive in Europe

01/26/1942

May 30-31, 1942: Cologne is Heavily Bombed by Allies

05/30/1942

February 2, 1943: Nazi Forces Surrender in Stalingrad

02/02/1943

The remainder of Nazi forces from the Battle of Stalingrad surrendered, there by ending one of the fiercest and bloodiest battles in the history of war. The Nazis wanted to launch a surprise invasion on the Soviet territory, but the Russian winter prevented them from reaching Moscow so they decided to go to the industrial city of Stalingrad and the oil rich Caucus region. The Nazis advanced quickly and began a massive bombing campaign that destroyed most of the city. Over the next 2 months the Nazi forces faces intense cold, starvation, and dwindling supplies while they tried to hold out. Friedrich Paulus was the commander in charge of the attacks. The Soviets offered Paulus The opportunity to surrender in January but HItler wouldn't let him.

July 24, 1943: Severe Bombing in Hamburg Begins

07/24/1943

January 26, 1945: Allied Forces Heavily Bomb Dresden

01/26/1945

April 30, 1945: Hitler Commits Suicide

04/30/1945

While in his underground bunker, Hitler took a Cyanide capsule and shot himself in the head. The German troops in Italy laid down their arms. German forces in Holland, Denmark, and the Northwest Germany surrendered to British Field Marshall Montgomery.

11:01 P.M, May 8th, 1945: World War II Ends

05/08/1945

After HItler committed suicide on April 30, Nazis signed the surrender document on May 7th ,1945. The war ended with Germany surrendering all of their weapons on May 8 at 11:01 P.M.