Heian

Events

Heian Period

794 - 1185

The Last division of classical Japanese history that runs from 794 - 1185. The Heian period is considered the peak of the Japanese imperial court and noted that its art in poetry and literature.

Heian Period

794 - 1185

Emperors usually had the power, in this case noble families had all teh power to protect their interest.

High point in Japanese Culture

794 - 1185

Rise of the samurai class, samurai class eventually takes power and starts the feudal period in Japan.

Heian Period Begins

794 - 1185

The Heian period began in 794 after movement of the capital of Japanese civilization to Heiankyō (presently Kyoto) by the 50th emperor Kammu

Rise of the Military class

794

The Shoen's had improved military technology with brand new training methods, more powerful swords, horses, bows and amazing amor. They had begun to be faced with local conditions in the ninth century, military service became part of Shoen life.

Fujiwara no Sumitomo aids Taira clans revolts

939 - 941

Japanese Heian court noble and warrior, aided the Taira clan in a series of revolts

Taira no Masakado threatens central government

January 1, 939

Masakado threatened the authority of the central government leading to an uprising in the eastern providence of Hitachi and Fujiwara no Sumitomo rebelled in the west.

Minamoto Yoritomo

1147 - 1199

He was the founder of Bakufu, the system where Feudal lords ruled for 700 years. He undermined the central government’s local administrative power.

Hōgen disturbance

1156 - 1185

Conflict in the Hōgen era between the Taira & Minamoto clan that marked the end of the Fujiwara family dominance of the monarchy and the start of a prolonged period of feudal warfare.

Taira Kiyomori revived Fujiwara practices

1156 - 1185

Taira Kiyomori revived Fujiwara practices by placing his grandson on the throne to rule Japan by power.

Clan overthrow refusal

1156

Clan would not be overthrown until after Genpel War, start of shogunates.

Shogun

1156

A title given by the emperor to the country's top military commander.

Kamakura Period

1185

The Kamakura Period began in 1185 when Minamoto no Yoritomo seized power from the emperors, and established a bakufu, the kamakura, shogunate, in Kamakura.

Kamakura Period

1185 - 1333

Is a period in Japanese history that marks the governance by the Kamakura shogunate, officially established in 1192 in Kamakura by the first shogun, Minamoto no Yoritomo

Bakufu and the Hojo Regency

1185 - 1333

It marks the transition to the Japanese "medieval" era, the period in which the emperor, the court, and the traditional central government were left intact but were largely relegated to ceremonial functions. Civil, military, and judicial matters were controlled by the Bushi class.

Bakufu

1192 - 1868

The Bakufu was the military government of Japan between 1192 and 1868.

Governance of the Kamakura Shogunate

1192

Which was established by the first Kamakura shogun Minamoto no Yoritomo.

Yuan Dynasty

1271 - 1368

Kyōto raised the diplomatic counter of Japan's divine origin, rejected the Mongol demands, dismissed the Korean messengers, and started defensive preparations

Mongol Invasion

1274

After further unsuccessful entreaties, the first Mongol invasion took place.

Mongol Invasion

1274

More than 600 ships carried a combined Mongol, Chinese, and Korean force of 23,000 troops armed with catapults, combustible missiles, and bows and arrows. In fighting, these soldiers grouped in close cavalry formations against samurai, who were accustomed to one-on-one combat.

Second Mongol invasion

Approx. January 1, 1281

A second invasion was launched. Seven weeks of fighting took place in northwestern Kyushu before another typhoon struck, again destroying the Mongol fleet.

End of Mongol Invasion

Approx. January 31, 1281

The Mongol war had been a drain on the economy, and new taxes had to be levied to maintain defensive preparations for the future. The invasions also caused disaffection among those who expected recompense for their help in defeating the Mongols. There were no lands or other rewards to be given, however, and such disaffection, combined with overextension and the increasing defense costs, led to a decline of the Kamakura bakufu.

Emperor Go-Daigo

1318 - 1339