SUMMARY: CROSS-SECTION: Israel, Islam, East and West

Christianity

Gnostic Heresy Battled and Defeated

100 - 843

Doctrines of "Fragmented Church" / ie. no "Great Synods"

100 - 325

Were these Churches fragmented in terms of Doctrine and Faith?

Death of Last Apostle, John

100 AD

Nestorian Heresy Battled and Defeated

301 - 600

Arian Heresy Battled and Defeated

325 - 381

Seven Ecumenical Councils - Starting with Nicea

325 - 787

Doctrines of "United Church" - ie. Organized under Nicea

325 - 1054

Did this Church modify any Doctrines/Faith inherited by Fragmented Church?

Ransom Theory of Atonement - St Athanasius (Universal Redemption + Process of Salvation)

328 - 373
  1. Alleviates problem of Damnation of Babies
  2. Homosexuals are redeemed with everyone else, that doesn't equal salvation though. Salvation is a lifelong process that we must cooperate with.
  3. Unreached tribes are redeemed with everyone else, their sinful individual actions are what hinder their salvation

East and West Agree on NT and OT Canon - includes Deuterocanon

402

Israel

Rome Conquers Israel

63 BC - 614

2nd Temple Destroyed By Rome

70 AD

Jerusalem Rebuilt as Roman City

135

Church of Holy Sepulchre Built

335

Persians Capture Jerusalem

614 - 629

Byzantines Capture Jerusalem

629 - 638

Umar Caliphate (2nd) Conquers Israel

641 - 750

Muslim Dome of the Rock Built

691

Abassid Caliphate Conquers Jerusalem

750 - 974

Crusaders Capture Jerusalem

1099 - 1187

Muslim Saladin Captures Jerusalem

1187 - 1229

Crusaders Capture Jerusalem

1229 - 1244

Muslim Caliph Controls Jerusalem

1250 - 1516

Ottomon Turks Conquer Israel

1517 - 1917

British Control of Israel

1917 - 1948

Present Day Israel created

1948 - 2016

Six Day War - Israel Attacked by Neighbors

1967

Israel Takes all of Jerusalem, West Bank, Gaza Strip, Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights

Yom Kippur War - Israel Attacked By Egypt

1973

Peace Treaty with Egypt - Sinai returned

1978

Israel attacked by PLO from Lebanon

1982

Israel signs peace treaty with Jordan

1994

East

Origen - Ransom Theory of Atonement

184 - 254

Byzantine Empire

325 - 711

Sts Basil, Gregory, Chrysostom - Very Influential in East, Less So in West

329 - 430

Alexandria, Jerusalem, and Antioch Under Muslim Rule

711 - 1289

Byzantium

711 - 1453

Massacre of the Latins

1182

Ottoman Empire - born out of Mongol Empire

1289 - 1923

Constantinople Under Muslim Rule

1453 - 1923

Orthodox Church mostly free of Muslim Interferance

1923 - 2016

West

Roman Empire

27 AD - 330

Papal Supremacy Controversy - Date of Easter

155 - 1053

Origen - Ransom Theory of Atonement/Christus Victor

184 - 254

St Augustine - Very Influential in West, Less so in East

354 - 430

Papal Supremacy Controversy - Filioque Clause

400 - 1053

Dark Ages of Western Roman Empire

476 - 769

Papal Supremacy Controversy - Unleavened Bread

750 - 1053

Charlamagne Unilaterally Sets Asside Eccumenical Council Canon about Priests in War

769

Holy Roman Empire - Starting with Charlemagne

769 - 1806

Bishop Anselm of Canterbury - Satisfaction Atonement Theory

1034 - 1109

Scholasticism - All major doctrines of the faith can be confirmed/reached by reason alone without scripture. (Logic Requires Divinity of Christ)

Bishop of Rome/Bishop of Constantinople Excommunicate Each Other

1054 AD

Pope Gregory Establishes "Dictates of the Pope"

1073

a) the supremacy of the Roman pontiff
b) The power to issue canon law
c) the sanctity of the pope qua pope
d) papal supremacy over the princes of the earth

Layman Peter Abelard - Moral Influence Atonement Theory

1079 - 1142

Logic doesn't require divinity of Christ

Crusades

1095 AD - 1291 AD

Indulgences in West

1095 - 1567

Scholasticism Movement

1100 - 1700

Inquisition West

1184 - 1834

Sack of Thessoloniki

1185

Sacking of Constantinople by Western Crusaders

1204

Monk Thomas Aquinas

1225 - 1274

Union of Florence

1439

Papal infallibility Declared

1857

Islam

Earliest Koran Found

568 - 645

Mohammed Born in Mecca

570

Koran revealed to Mohammed Verbally

609 - 632

Mohammed visited by Gabriel

610

Mohammed flees to Medina

622

Mohammed take Mecca

630

Death of Mohammed

632

Mohammed Dies

633

Koran Collated by Abu Bakr

634 - 637

Islamic Expansion

634 - 711

Abu Bakhr Caliphate (1st) - Conquered Arabian Peninsula

634 - 637

Umar Caliphate (2nd) - Expanded into Palestine, Persia, and Egypt

638 - 643

Uthman Caliph (3rd) - Expanded into North Africa and India

644 - 656

Ali Caliphate (4th)

661 - 662

Dome of Rock Completed in Jerusalem

691

Muslims defeat Visigothic kingdom in Spain

711

Jews and Christians Forced to Convert to Islam

720

Muslims defeated in France

732

Abassid Revolt Takes over Caliphate

747 - 750

Caliphate Decentralization

950

Muslims spread in Africa

1000

Crusades

1099

Mongol Empire Expansion

1206 - 1324

Mongol Invasion against Islam

1250 - 1270

Muslims Conquer Most of Turkey

1299

Muslims Conquer Constantinople

1453

Ottomans Defeated in WW1

1923

Protestants

Luther and Calvin Advance Penal Substitutionary Atonement Theory

1517 - 1564

Martin Luther/95 Theses

1517