Georgian and Victorian architecture in England (18th-19th centuries)

Georgian architecture

Completion of the Chiswick House, west London

1729

Designed by Lord Burlington, it is a Palladian villa, part of a movement that highlighted the simplicity and purity of classical architecture.

Construction of the Strawberry Hill House, Twickenham

1749 - 1776

Built by the well-known politician Lord Walpole, who's considered as England's first Prime Minister.
It is a landmark of the Gothic Revival in Britain, which happened in the 19th century, and thus contrasted with the neoclassical style.

Building of the Circus, Bath

1754 - 1768

Classical facades and approaching urban expansion by constructing large buildings were also characteristics of Georgian architecture.

Building of the Kedleston Hall in Derbyshire

1758 - 1777

It is considered as the high point of British neo-classicism: just as the Chiswick House, the interiors of the building are austere and have a very unified decoration.

Building of Park Crescent, London

1806 - 1821

Executed under the patronage of George IV and thus part of the Regency architecture, it represented the late phase of Georgian architecture which followed from the Neo-classical style.

Victorian architecture

Completion of the Harlaxton Manor, Lincolnshire

1837

Designed by Anthony Salvin, it represented the Jacobethan style, which was inspired both by the Elizabethan and Jacobean styles, and mostly used terra-cotta brickwork, balustrades and high chimneys.

Reconstruction of the Palace of Westminster, London

1840 - 1870

Destroyed by fire in 1834, the Houses of Parliament were completely rebuilt by Charles Barry and Augustus Pugin and mixed several architectural styles by incorporating classic and gothic elements.

Completion of the Red House at Bexleyheath, Southeast London

1859

Philipp Webb, the architect, created this house in reaction of Victorian pomposity, and launched at the same time the Arts and Craft movement.

Opening of St Pancras railway station in Camden, London

1868

It is an example of the Gothic Revical style of architecture, like the Strawberry Hill House.

Opening of the National HIstory Museum, London

1881

After the death of the architect chosen for the project, Alfred Waterhouse took over the construction of the building and imposed a Romanesque style on the facades of the museum.