Catholic Church History- By: Amelia Mesewicz

Saint Bernadette: My Confirmation Saint

Saint Bernadette's Life

January 7, 1844 - April 16, 1879

She is seen as a role model to others around the world. She trusted the Trinity to lead her down the path of heaven. She was obedient to the Trinity and especially to Mary, she was brave throughout her journey to heaven, and she prioritized God before anything else. Saint Bernadette has paved the path to heaven for others, and has inspired others to do things for good.

Beatification Of Saint Bernadette

june 14, 1925

By Pope Pius XI, Saint Bernadette is often depicted in prayer with a rosary or appealing to the Holy Virgin.

Canonization Of Saint Bernadette

December 8,1933

By Pope Pius XI, Saint Bernadette is the patroness of illness, people ridiculed for their piety, poverty, shepherds, shepherdesses, and Lourdes, France.

Church Councils

Council Of Nicaea

325 ad

The design was to resolve debates in the church - principally those worried with Arianism - in regards to the connection between the Father and Child. Constantine (ca. 288-377), the sole head of the Roman Empire, feared that the church would part over this religious issue and along these lines called a universal council.

Council Of Constantinople

381 ad

This coucil was held to confirm the Nicene Creed and deal with other matters of the Arian controversy. This was the second of the first seven ecumenical councils. This council, which was attended by 186 bishops, settled two basic issues: the deity of the Holy Spirit and the true humanity of Christ.

Council Of Ephesus

431 ad

The Council of Ephesus was held in Ephesus, Asia Minor in 431 under Emperor Theodosius II, grandson of Theodosius the Great. It was the third of the Ecumenical Councils and was chiefly concerned with the heresy of Nestorianism.

Council Of Chalcedon

451 ad

It was attended by about 520 bishops or their representatives and was the largest and best-documented of the early councils. It approved the creed of Constantinople (the Nicene Creed)

Council Of Trent

1545 ad - 1563 ad

The Council of Trent played an important part in determining the outcome of theCounter-Reformation. Along with the part played by the Jesuits and certain individuals, the Council of Trent was a central feature of the Counter-Reformation.

First Vatican Council

1869 ad - 1870 ad

Because of the Italian political situation the advisability of having a council at all was questioned by the Catholic powers, who traditionally opposed strong action on the part of the church.

Second Vatican Council

1962 ad - 1965 ad

the ancient rite of Mass changed, but there was also a new canon law, a new catechism, new prayers/songs, a new liturgical calendar, a new Bible translation, new canonization procedures, new rites for ordination and baptism, new exorcism procedures, indulgences were changed, etc.

Saint Brigid of Kildare

Saint Brigid of Kildare Birthday

451

Saint Brigid's likeness is often depicted holding a reed cross, a crozier, or a lamp

Saint Brigid of Kildare Death

525

Saint Brigid helped many people in her lifetime, but on February 1 525, she passed away of natural causes. Her body was initially kept to the right of the high altar of Kildare Cathedral, with a tomb "adorned with gems and precious stones and crowns of gold and silver," but in 878, during the Scandinavian raids, her relics were moved to the tomb of Patrick and Columba.

Saint Thomas Aquinas

Saint Thomas Aquinas Birthday

1226

Was a medieval Roman Catholic philosopher and theologian in the scholastic tradition.

Saint Thomas Aquinas Death

1274

He is considered by the Catholic Church to be its greatest theologian and one of the thirty-three Doctors of the Church.

Popes

Papacy of Saint Pope John Paul II the Great

1978 - 2005

Beatified By: May 1, 2011 Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Benedict XVI
Canonized By: April 27, 2014 Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Francis
John Paul II has presided at 138 beatification ceremonies ( 1,310 Blesseds proclaimed ) and 48 canonization ceremonies ( 469 Saints ) during his pontificate. He has held 8 consistories in which he created 201 cardinals . He has also convened six plenary meetings of the College of Cardinals.

Papacy of Pope Francis

March 13, 2013 - Present

He was named the 266th pope of the Roman Catholic Church. his tenure has been characterized by humility and outspoken support of the world's poor and marginalized people, and he has been involved actively in areas of political diplomacy and environmental advocacy.

Events

Jesus' Resurrection and Ascension

33 ad

Raising Jesus from the dead, confirming all that Jesus said and did, demonstrating his power over life and death. He raised Jesus Christ from the dead on Sunday morning,aising Jesus from the dead, confirming all that Jesus said and did, demonstrating his power over life and death. He raised Jesus Christ from the dead on Sunday morning. Jesus bodily ascending to heaven in the presence of his apostles, forty days following his resurrection.

Pentecost

33 ad

The Holy Spirit descended on the disciples in the form of tongues of fire accompanied by the sound of a rush of wind, and gave them the power of speaking in such a way that people of different languages could understand them.

Edict of Milan

313

a proclamation that permanently established religious toleration for Christianity within the Roman Empire. It was the outcome of a political agreement concluded in Milan between the Roman emperors Constantine I and Licinius

Great Schism

1054

Was the event that divided "Chalcedonian" Christianity into Western (Roman) Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. The coucil was actually the result of an extended period of estrangement between the two bodies of churches. The primary causes of the Schism were disputes over papal authority.

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

a major 16th century European movement aimed initially at reforming the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. Its religious aspects were supplemented by ambitious political rulers who wanted to extend their power and control at the expense of the Church.

Saints

Saint Augustine of Hippo: Doctor of Church

354 - 430

St. Augustine of Hippo is the patron of brewers because of his conversion from a former life of loose living, which included parties, entertainment, and worldly ambitions. His complete turnaround and conversion has been an inspiration to many who struggle with a particular vice or habit they long to break.

Saint Teresa of Avila: Doctor of Church

1515 - 1582

Beatified By: April 24th 1614, Rome by Pope Paul V
Canonized By: March 12th 1622, Rome by Pope Gregory XV
St. Teresa is the patron saint of Headache sufferers. Her symbol is a heart, an arrow, and a book.

American Saint: Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

1774 - 1821

Beatified By: by Pope John XXIII on March 17, 1963
Canonized By: by Pope Paul VI on September 14, 1975
For the last three years of her life, Elizabeth felt that God was getting ready to call her, and this gave her great joy. Mother Seton died in 1821 at the age of 46, only sixteen years after becoming a Catholic.

American Saint: Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini

1850 - 1909

Beatified By: November 13, 1938, by Pope Pius XI
Canonized By: July 7, 1946, by Pope Pius XII
Frances has two miracles attributed to her. She restored sight to a child who was believed to have been blinded by excess silver nitrate, and she healed a terminally ill member of her congregation.