Civil Rights Timeline

Events

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 5, 1955 - December 20, 1956

The Rosa Parks incident caused the bus boycott. On the day of her court trial, African American stopped riding buses in Montgomery. 381 days later The Supreme Court ordered Montgomery to integrate buses.

Little Rock Nine

September 1957

Nine African American students integrated an all white Central High School.

Friendship Nine

1961

A group of African American men who went to jail after staging a sit in at a segregation McCroy's lunch counter in Rock Hill, South Carolina.

Freedom Rides

May 4, 1961

13 African Americans and white civil rights activists launched Freedom Rides. Freedom Rides were bus trips through American South to protest segregation.

March on Washington

August 28, 1963

More than 200,000 Americans gathered in Washington, D.C. for a political rally known as the March on Washington for jobs and freedom. Organized by a number of civil rights and religious groups, the even was designed to shed the light on political and social challenges African Americans continued to face across the country.

Sixteenth Street Baptist Church Bombing

September 15, 1963

Four young girls were killed and many other people injured; outrage over the incident and the violent clash between protesters and police that followed helped draw national attention to the hard fought, often dangerous struggle for civil rights for African Americans.

Selma-Montgomery March

1965

A group of 600 people set out on Sunday, March 7, but didn't get far before Alabama state troopers wielding whips, nightsticks and tear gas rushed the group at the Edmund Pettis Bridge and beat them back to Selma.

Watts Riot

August 11, 1965 - August 16, 1965

The riot began when an African American man was arrested for supposedly drunk driving on a motorcycle. The riots eventually ranged over a 50 square mile area. 34 people died, 1,032 injured, and 4,000 arrested.

Orangeburg SC Massacre

February 8, 1968

Orangeburg Massacre took place in Orangeburg, South Carolina at South Carolina State University. The incident began when approximately 200 students gathered on February 6 to protest the segregation of black patrons at the nearby All Star Bowling lane. The first demonstration proceeded without incident. The following night many of the students returned to resume the protest but in this instance fifthteen of them were arrested. The third night ended with three young men killed and 27 wounded.

Black Sunday

1977

The story of a black terrorist group called, Black September that attempted to blow up a Goodyear blimp over the Super Bowl stadium.