Jainism

Events

Parshva, 23rd Tirthankar of Jainism. He is the earliest Jain leader who can be reliably dated (877-77 BCE)

877 BCE - 777 BCE

Mahavira, 24th and last Tirthankar of this era (599-527 BCE)

599 BCE - 527 BCE

Jainism begins (5th/ 6th century BCE)

Approx. 500 BCE

Reaction to the leadership of the Hindu community by the elite Brahmin caste

Siddhasen Diwakar, who wrote works on Jain philosophy and epistemology as a monk (500-610 BCE)

500 BCE - 401 BCE

Divide between Shvetambara (“white-clad” monks and nuns) and Digambaras (“sky-clad” monks) (300 BCE)

300 BCE

Devardhigani compiles Jain Agamas (454 CE)

454 CE

Reform movement of Acharya Rajendrasur (1800s)

1880 - 1889

Jain temple at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904)

1904

All-India Jain Association (1910)

1910

Madras High Court in Gateppa v. Eramma and others recognizes "Jainism as a distinct religion" (1927)

1927

Significant presence of Jainism in the United States (1970s)

1970 - 1979

Current symbol adopted by Jainism (1975)

1975

First Jain convention in Los Angeles (1981)

1981

Formal organization of JAINA (Jain Associations in North America) (1983)

1983

India's Supreme Court declined to grant Jains the status of a religious minority in India, (left to states) (2005)

2005

the Supreme Court opined that "Jain Religion is indisputably not a part of the Hindu religion" (2006)

2006

Delhi city government declares Jain community as a minority as per the Supreme Court Orders. (2008)

2008

Jain community is notified as minority at national level. (2014)

2014