was a composer of Italian and French opera. Born in the Upper Palatinate (now part of Germany) and raised in Bohemia, he gained prominence at the Habsburg court at Vienna, where he brought about the practical reform of opera's dramaturgical practices that many intellectuals had been campaigning for over the years.
The colony of georgia is founded
The last colony to be established, Georgia was given over to the crown, making it a Crown Colony
Franz Joseph Haydn
March 1732 - May 1809
A remarkable composer. He had a “reliable and steady” job composing, directing, teaching, performing, and managing musicians from royal Esterhazy family. During this time he composed many pieces of music for the courtly orchestra to perform.
1743 - 1805
was an Italian classical era composer and cellist whose music retained a courtly and galante style while he matured somewhat apart from the ajor European musical centers. He is most widely known for one particular minuet from his String Quintet in E, Op. 11, No. 5, and the Cello Concerto in B flat major
1750 - 1825
was a respected Kapellmeister who was mostly known for his contributions to opera
In Europe, the minuet was a popular dance
1752 - 1832
was an Italian/British-born composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
January 27, 1756 - December 5, 1791
was a musical prodigy who began composing at the age of 5. Despite his short life, Mozart greatly advanced classical period music, contributing over 600 compositions
The Industrial revolution begins
was the transition to new manufacturing processes
Junipero Sérra led a group of Franciscan friars on a mission
to teach Native Americans polyphony and plainsong.
Ludwig van Beethoven
1770 - 1827
was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers.
the decaration of independence was signed
Mozart moved to vienna
this is where he created some of his most popular works
The french revolution took place
1789 - 1799
this had a huge effect on music in France, with nearly all operas taking on a revolutionary theme
The Guillotine was created
when people were sent to be executed they were usually decapitated by a axe. This was never painless and many times took many attempts to cut the head off. But in 1789 Doctor Joseph Ignace Guillotin made a device that would make the execution "painless"
Eli Whitney Invents the Cotton Gin
March 14, 1794
The cotton gin helped to make cotton much cheaper and easier to harvest. Since the cotton was easier to harvest it became much more popular. And since the machine did all the work there was less need for slaves
The paris conservatory of music was created
was formed to improve transportation from the interior and beyond the barrier of the Appalachian Mountains. The Erie Canal connects the port of New York City at the Hudson River to Buffalo New York then flowing to the North East coast of Lake Erie.
December 1803 - March 1869
was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonies fantastique and Grande messe des morts
Napoleon crowned emperor
Notre Dame Cathedral crowned the first frenchman to hold the title of emperor in a thousand years.Napoleon Bonaparte had become Napoleon I.Leading up to his coronation, Napoleon was one of the greatest military strategists.He saved his nation from collapse after taking over the reigns of the French government.
invention of the telegraph
Samuel Soemmering invented the first crude telegraph in Bavaria
March 1810 - October 1849
was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as a leading musician of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation
June 1810 - July 1856
was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist.
October 22 1811 - July 31 1886
was a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary.
1813 - 1901
was an Italian opera composer
May 1813 - February 1883
was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is primarily known for his operas
The Star Spangled Banner
The Star Spangled Banner song originated from a poem written by Francis Scott Key in 1814. He wrote this poem in Maryland in the middle of the War of 1812. Key wrote this while watching the British bombardment of Fort McHenry.
the Metronome was invented
with this invention musicians could practice to become much more proficient than before
the harmonica was invented
by Friedrich Buschmann.
Carl Almenräder redesigned the French Bassoon
a British inventor, william sturgeon revealed an invention that began a large evolution in electronic communications. He created the electromagnet that he displayed by lifting nine pounds. This electromagnet was a seven ounce piece of iron wrapped with wires through which the current of a single battery was sent. This lead to an evolution because the true power of the electromagnet is what lead to the creation of countless inventions for the future.
Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky
1840 - 1893
was a Russian composer of the late-Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular music in the classical repertoire. He was the first Russian composer whose music made a lasting impression internationally, bolstered by his appearances as a guest conductor in Europe and the United States.
The New York pliharmonic orchestra was founds
A politcal pamphlet written by Karl Marx and Freidrich Engles. It discusses the Communists' theory of history and the relationship between proletarians and bourgeoisie
In New Orleans the first opera house was opened
1874 - 1951
was an Austrian composer, music theorist, and painter. He was associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art, and leader of the Second Viennese School. By 1938, with the rise of the Nazi Party, Schoenberg's works were labeled degenerate music, because he was Jewish
Thomas Edison invents the Phonograph
Gospel was formed by African slaves
Approx. 1880 - Approx. 1900
1882 - 1971
was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor. He is widely considered one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century. Stravinsky's compositional career was notable for its stylistic diversity.
The statue of liberty was unveiled in New York
Spanish American War
Feb 1895 - 1898
This conflict between the United Stated and Spain ended Spanish colonial rule in the America's. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1898
1898 - 1937
was an American composer and pianist. Gershwin's compositions spanned both popular and classical genres, and his most popular melodies are widely known. Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue and An American in Paris as well as the opera Porgy and Bess.
1899 - 1974
was an American composer, pianist, and bandleader of a jazz orchestra, which he led from 1923 until his death in a career spanning over fifty years.
Assassination of Mckinley
as a result Theodore Roosevelt becomes president of the United States of America
1906 - 1975
was a Russian pianist and composer of the Soviet period. He is regarded as one of the major composers of the 20th century. Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet chief of staff Mikhail Tukhachevsky, but later had a complex and difficult relationship with the government
Schoenberg's Second String Quartet is the first composition to break with tonality
Start of the Mexican Revolution
1910 - 1920
was a major armed struggle that radically transformed Mexican culture and government.
1912 - 1992
was an American composer, music theorist, writer, philosopher, and artist. A pioneer of indeterminacy in music, electroacoustic music, and non-standard use of musical instruments, Cage was one of the leading figures of the post-war avant-garde.
1913 - 1976
was an English composer, conductor and pianist. He was a central figure of 20th-century British classical music, with a range of works including opera, other vocal music, orchestral and chamber pieces
American singerand film actor Frank Senatra was born
dec 12th 1915
1918 - 1990
was an American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist. He was among the first conductors born and educated in the US to receive worldwide acclaim.
1937 - Present
is known the world over for his intensely minimalist operas, such as Einstein On the Beach, as well as his more accessible yet still completely minimalist works, such as Glassworks. Part of the reason he is so famous is due to the fact he is one of most controversial artists of all time, with his accusers stating that every single piece of his “sounds the same” and “uses the same chords.”
Feb 16 1938 - Present
an American composer of classical music. His scores, now numbering over one hundred, have won him the Pulitzer Prize, five Grammy Awards, Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition, and an Oscar.
start of WWII in Europe
1939 - 1945
a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945
Harry S Truman begins the cold war with the truman doctrine
The Truman Doctrine was an American foreign policy created to counter Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War
1947 - Present
Possibly the originator of bringing minimalist art to an accessible orchestral medium
jan 8 1957 - Present
an American composer living in New York City
The Civil Rights Act
mar 22 1966 - Present
a German-born British composer who has been an influential voice in post-minimalist composition and in the meeting of contemporary classical and alternative popular musical styles since the early 2000s
Jan 2 1970 - Present
a Grammy-winning American composer, conductor, and speaker, known for his choral, orchestral and wind ensemble music
1979 - Present
An American composer of beat-driven contemporary classical music, and an avid promoter of new music in New York City. He is also a co-director of New Amsterdam Records
steve jobs introduced the first ipod
Terrorist Attack 9/11
On September 11th, 2001 two planes crashed into the North and South Twin Towers, The Pentagon, and an attempt to attack the White House. In total there were 2,819 people killed in the attacks
Invasion of Afganistan
oct 7 2001
The U.S. and NATO invaded Afghanistan and overthrew the Al-Qaeda-supportive Taliban government. American troops then began to institute democracy, fight off any insurgents, and the search for Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden.
Mars Rover Exploration
Two Mars rovers Spirit and Opportunity were launched to Mars and landed
Barack Obama win the election
wins the election and becomes the first black president of the United States
US airways flight 1549 crash lands on the hudson river