SSkipper Music Lit Timeline pt. 2


Carl Phillip Emanuel Bach

1714 - 1788

was a German composer and musician

Christoph Willibald Gluck

1714 - 1787

was a composer of Italian and French opera. Born in the Upper Palatinate (now part of Germany) and raised in Bohemia, he gained prominence at the Habsburg court at Vienna, where he brought about the practical reform of opera's dramaturgical practices that many intellectuals had been campaigning for over the years.

The colony of georgia is founded

Feb 1732

The last colony to be established, Georgia was given over to the crown, making it a Crown Colony

Franz Joseph Haydn

March 1732 - May 1809

A remarkable composer. He had a “reliable and steady” job composing, directing, teaching, performing, and managing musicians from royal Esterhazy family. During this time he composed many pieces of music for the courtly orchestra to perform.

Luigi Boccherini

1743 - 1805

was an Italian classical era composer and cellist whose music retained a courtly and galante style while he matured somewhat apart from the ajor European musical centers. He is most widely known for one particular minuet from his String Quintet in E, Op. 11, No. 5, and the Cello Concerto in B flat major

Antonio Salieri

1750 - 1825

was a respected Kapellmeister who was mostly known for his contributions to opera

In Europe, the minuet was a popular dance


Muzio Clementi

1752 - 1832

was an Italian/British-born composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

January 27, 1756 - December 5, 1791

was a musical prodigy who began composing at the age of 5. Despite his short life, Mozart greatly advanced classical period music, contributing over 600 compositions

The Industrial revolution begins

Jan 1760

was the transition to new manufacturing processes

Junipero Sérra led a group of Franciscan friars on a mission


to teach Native Americans polyphony and plainsong.

Ludwig van Beethoven

1770 - 1827

was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers.

the decaration of independence was signed

aug 1776

Mozart moved to vienna


this is where he created some of his most popular works

The french revolution took place

1789 - 1799

this had a huge effect on music in France, with nearly all operas taking on a revolutionary theme

The Guillotine was created

Oct 1789

when people were sent to be executed they were usually decapitated by a axe. This was never painless and many times took many attempts to cut the head off. But in 1789 Doctor Joseph Ignace Guillotin made a device that would make the execution "painless"

Eli Whitney Invents the Cotton Gin

March 14, 1794

The cotton gin helped to make cotton much cheaper and easier to harvest. Since the cotton was easier to harvest it became much more popular. And since the machine did all the work there was less need for slaves

The paris conservatory of music was created


Erie Canal


was formed to improve transportation from the interior and beyond the barrier of the Appalachian Mountains. The Erie Canal connects the port of New York City at the Hudson River to Buffalo New York then flowing to the North East coast of Lake Erie.

Hector Berlioz

December 1803 - March 1869

was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonies fantastique and Grande messe des morts

Napoleon crowned emperor


Notre Dame Cathedral crowned the first frenchman to hold the title of emperor in a thousand years.Napoleon Bonaparte had become Napoleon I.Leading up to his coronation, Napoleon was one of the greatest military strategists.He saved his nation from collapse after taking over the reigns of the French government.

invention of the telegraph


Samuel Soemmering invented the first crude telegraph in Bavaria

Fryderyk Chopin

March 1810 - October 1849

was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as a leading musician of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation

Robert Schumann

June 1810 - July 1856

was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist.

Franz Liszt

October 22 1811 - July 31 1886

was a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger, organist, philanthropist, author, nationalist and a Franciscan tertiary.

Giuseppe Verdi

1813 - 1901

was an Italian opera composer

Richard Wagner

May 1813 - February 1883

was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is primarily known for his operas

The Star Spangled Banner


The Star Spangled Banner song originated from a poem written by Francis Scott Key in 1814. He wrote this poem in Maryland in the middle of the War of 1812. Key wrote this while watching the British bombardment of Fort McHenry.

the Metronome was invented


with this invention musicians could practice to become much more proficient than before

the harmonica was invented


by Friedrich Buschmann.

electro magnet


a British inventor, william sturgeon revealed an invention that began a large evolution in electronic communications. He created the electromagnet that he displayed by lifting nine pounds. This electromagnet was a seven ounce piece of iron wrapped with wires through which the current of a single battery was sent. This lead to an evolution because the true power of the electromagnet is what lead to the creation of countless inventions for the future.

Carl Almenräder redesigned the French Bassoon


Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky

1840 - 1893

was a Russian composer of the late-Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular music in the classical repertoire. He was the first Russian composer whose music made a lasting impression internationally, bolstered by his appearances as a guest conductor in Europe and the United States.

The New York pliharmonic orchestra was founds


Communist Manifesto


A politcal pamphlet written by Karl Marx and Freidrich Engles. It discusses the Communists' theory of history and the relationship between proletarians and bourgeoisie

In New Orleans the first opera house was opened


Arnold Schoenberg

1874 - 1951

was an Austrian composer, music theorist, and painter. He was associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art, and leader of the Second Viennese School. By 1938, with the rise of the Nazi Party, Schoenberg's works were labeled degenerate music, because he was Jewish

Thomas Edison invents the Phonograph


Gospel was formed by African slaves

Approx. 1880 - Approx. 1900

Igor Stravinsky

1882 - 1971

was a Russian-born composer, pianist, and conductor. He is widely considered one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century. Stravinsky's compositional career was notable for its stylistic diversity.

The statue of liberty was unveiled in New York


Spanish American War

Feb 1895 - 1898

This conflict between the United Stated and Spain ended Spanish colonial rule in the America's. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1898

George Gershwin

1898 - 1937

was an American composer and pianist. Gershwin's compositions spanned both popular and classical genres, and his most popular melodies are widely known. Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue and An American in Paris as well as the opera Porgy and Bess.

Duke Ellington

1899 - 1974

was an American composer, pianist, and bandleader of a jazz orchestra, which he led from 1923 until his death in a career spanning over fifty years.

Assassination of Mckinley


as a result Theodore Roosevelt becomes president of the United States of America

Dmitri Shostakovich

1906 - 1975

was a Russian pianist and composer of the Soviet period. He is regarded as one of the major composers of the 20th century. Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet chief of staff Mikhail Tukhachevsky, but later had a complex and difficult relationship with the government

Schoenberg's Second String Quartet is the first composition to break with tonality


Start of the Mexican Revolution

1910 - 1920

was a major armed struggle that radically transformed Mexican culture and government.

John Cage

1912 - 1992

was an American composer, music theorist, writer, philosopher, and artist. A pioneer of indeterminacy in music, electroacoustic music, and non-standard use of musical instruments, Cage was one of the leading figures of the post-war avant-garde.

Benjamin Britten

1913 - 1976

was an English composer, conductor and pianist. He was a central figure of 20th-century British classical music, with a range of works including opera, other vocal music, orchestral and chamber pieces

American singerand film actor Frank Senatra was born

dec 12th 1915

Leonard Bernstein

1918 - 1990

was an American composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist. He was among the first conductors born and educated in the US to receive worldwide acclaim.

Philip Glass

1937 - Present

is known the world over for his intensely minimalist operas, such as Einstein On the Beach, as well as his more accessible yet still completely minimalist works, such as Glassworks. Part of the reason he is so famous is due to the fact he is one of most controversial artists of all time, with his accusers stating that every single piece of his “sounds the same” and “uses the same chords.”

John Corigliano

Feb 16 1938 - Present

an American composer of classical music. His scores, now numbering over one hundred, have won him the Pulitzer Prize, five Grammy Awards, Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition, and an Oscar.

start of WWII in Europe

1939 - 1945

a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945

Harry S Truman begins the cold war with the truman doctrine


The Truman Doctrine was an American foreign policy created to counter Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War

John Adams

1947 - Present

Possibly the originator of bringing minimalist art to an accessible orchestral medium

David Lang

jan 8 1957 - Present

an American composer living in New York City

The Civil Rights Act

july 1964

Max Richter

mar 22 1966 - Present

a German-born British composer who has been an influential voice in post-minimalist composition and in the meeting of contemporary classical and alternative popular musical styles since the early 2000s

Eric Whitacre

Jan 2 1970 - Present

a Grammy-winning American composer, conductor, and speaker, known for his choral, orchestral and wind ensemble music

Judd Greenstein

1979 - Present

An American composer of beat-driven contemporary classical music, and an avid promoter of new music in New York City. He is also a co-director of New Amsterdam Records

steve jobs introduced the first ipod


Terrorist Attack 9/11


On September 11th, 2001 two planes crashed into the North and South Twin Towers, The Pentagon, and an attempt to attack the White House. In total there were 2,819 people killed in the attacks

Invasion of Afganistan

oct 7 2001

The U.S. and NATO invaded Afghanistan and overthrew the Al-Qaeda-supportive Taliban government. American troops then began to institute democracy, fight off any insurgents, and the search for Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden.

Mars Rover Exploration

June 2003

Two Mars rovers Spirit and Opportunity were launched to Mars and landed

Barack Obama win the election


wins the election and becomes the first black president of the United States

US airways flight 1549 crash lands on the hudson river