Era of Reform Timeline

Women's Rights Movement

Seneca Falls Convention

Approx. July 19th, 1848

This convention was organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, fellow women’s rights abolitionists who met at the World Anti-Slavery Convention(1840). Located at the Wesleyan Methodist Church in Seneca Falls, New York, this women’s rights convention was the first of its nature to be held in the United States.

Ohio Women's Rights Convention

May 29th, 1851

Led by Frances Dana Barker Gage in Akron, Ohio, the women in attendance were inspired by the Declaration of Rights signed during the Seneca Falls Convention. It was also in this convention that Sojourner Truth, a former slave and part of the abolitionist movement for enslaved African Americans and also women’s rights, gave her “Ain’t I a Woman?” speech. In her short speech, Truth asserted that she, a woman, is every bit like a man.

American Equal Rights Association is founded

May 10th, 1866

A women’s rights organization, in which activists Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Lucy Stone were the founders. This organization was created to “secure Equal Rights to all American citizens, especially the right of suffrage, irrespective of race, color, or sex”. The president of the AERA was Lucretia Mott.

Abolitionist Movement

Escape year of Sojourner Truth


Underground Railroad


The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses established in the United States during the early-to-mid 18th century, and used by African-American slaves to escape into free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists and allies who were sympathetic to their cause. It was created in the late 1700s, and Harriet Tubman, who was born a slave, helped many slaves to freedom.

The Liberator is published


The Liberator (1831–1865) was an abolitionist newspaper founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Isaac Knapp in 1831. Garrison co-published weekly issues of The Liberator from Boston continuously for 35 years, from January 1, 1831, to the final issue of December 29, 1865.

American Anti-Slavery Association is founded


An abolitionist society founded by William Lloyd Garrison, and Arthur Tappan. Frederick Douglass, an escaped slave, was a key leader of this society, and often spoke at its meetings.

Appeal to Christian Women of the South is published


Published in 1836, this book was written by Angelina Emily Grimké for anti-slavery purposes

Escape Date of Frederick Douglass

September 3rd 1838

Autobiography of Frederick Douglass published


When Douglass wrote this book in 1845, slavery was still legal in much of the United States. He became a public speaker and writer to try to stop it.

Escape Date of Harriet Tubman

September 17, 1849

Uncle Tom’s Cabin published


Uncle Tom's Cabin, is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Published in 1852, the novel "helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War", according to Will Kaufman.

Harper’s Ferry Raid

October 16, 1859

John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry was an effort by armed abolitionist John Brown to initiate an armed slave revolt in 1859 by taking over a United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.