Swedish scientist, Carolus Linnaeus published Systema Naturae, which comprises the common modern naming system of binomial nomenclature.
French scientist, Georges Cuvier is recognized as the father of Paleontology along as being well known for his rejection of any evolutionary theory from his study of the fossil record.
Thomas Robert Malthus published "An Essay on the Principle of Population." The 6th edition was cited by Alfred Russel Wallace and Charles Darwin in progress of the theory of natural selection.
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, printed his theory of evolution. Which was that evolution happened through the inheritance of acquired features.
Charles Lyell publishes "Principles of Geology." This made a new view of geology.
Charles Darwin writes an essay about the theory of evolution. But was never published.
Alfred Russel Wallace publishes a paper which have the same idea as Darwin, along with the natural selection. Darwin's friends show Wallace's and Darwin's theories at the Linnean Society.
Darwin becomes ill, his book "The Origin of Species" is published and became popular.
Mendel's pea plants therory printed, making the background for the basis of natural selection.
August Weismann writes how significant DNA is to heredity, alongside with germ cell theory.
Walter Sutton suggested that chromosomes basis for Mendelian inheritance of characteristics.
DNA is confirmed to be genetic material which is that inheritance passes from one generation to the next.