Student population increases. Enrollment in science increases. Physical Science interest declines. Pressure from outside the school on science.
lacked conceptual unity
had no bearing on the real world
The reform came from University Science and Math Professors. Textbooks were poor, outdated and irrelevant.
*** Russia’s launch of Sputnik in 1957 changed everything.
America was embarrassed by the Russian program. NSF and other federal programs came into existence. There was a shortage of scientists. There were few qualified people entering the field. Science was boring.
There was the development of National Science Programs
Program Program Title Subject Year Level
BSCS Biological Sciences Curriculum Study Biology 1958 HS
ESCP Earth Sciences Curriculum Project Earth Science 1963 MS
IPS Introductory Physical Science Physical Science 1965 MS
CHEM Chemical Education Materials Study Chemistry 1959 HS
ISCS Intermediate Science Curriculum Study General Science 1966 MS
PSSC Physical Science Study Committee Physical Science Study Committee at Cambridge, Mass 1956 HS