French Revolution

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Marie Antoinette

1774 - 1792

Became queen of Navarre and France.

Louis XVI

1775 - 1791

Reigned as King of France and Navarre. Became King of the French in 1791.

Taille

1789

the land tax known as taille was abolished in the beginning of the French Revolution.

Jacobins

1789

The famous Jacobin Club was formed by the Breton deputies of the Estates General.

Paris Commune

1789 - 1795

Took control of the government of Paris.

Maximilien Robespierre

1789 - July 27, 1794

Robespierre was elected to the Estates-General; Deputy and member of the Committee of Public Safety; instrumental in the period of the Revolution commonly known as the Reign of Terror.

Sans-Culottes

1789

Political group, comprised of the common people, that arose during the French Revolution and were so named this because they didn't wear upper class breeches or culottes.

Estates-General

May 5, 1789

the first meeting since 1614 of the French Estates-General, a general assembly representing the French estates of the realm.

National Assembly

June 17, 1789 - July 9, 1789

Third Estate proclaimed itself the National Assembly due to the division and issues present within the Estates of France.

Tennis Court Oath

June 20, 1789

Oath taken by deputies of the Third Estate in the French Revolution. Believing that their newly formed National Assembly was to be disbanded, the deputies met at a nearby tennis court when they were locked out of their usual meeting hall at Versailles. They vowed never to separate until a written constitution was established for France.

Bastille

July 14, 1789

The fortress in Paris, formarly used as a jailhouse by French kings, was stormed by a crowd.

Great Fear

July 20, 1789 - August 5, 1789

period of panic and riot by peasants and others amid rumors of an “aristocratic conspiracy” by the king and the privileged to overthrow the Third Estate began.

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

August 26, 1789

National Assembly passed this document which presented to the world a summary of the ideals and principles of the Revolution, and justified the destruction of a government based upon absolutismand privilege, and the establishment of a new regime based upon the inalienablerights of individuals, liberty, and political equality.

”liberty, equality, fraternity”

May 1790

became the motto of France; mentioned by the Cordiliers.

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

July 12, 1790

Law was passed which altered the structure of the Catholic church and subordinated it to French government.

National Convention

September 20, 1792 - November 2, 1795

Comprised the constitutional and legislative assembly;held executive power in France during the first years of the French First Republic.

Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI

1793

Both sent to trial and guillotined.

Committee of Public Safety

April 6, 1793

was established to supervise the ministers and to take defensive measures against external and domestic foes in emergency situations. It was elected by the Convention.

Reign of Terror

September 5, 1793 - July 28, 1794

the period of which suspected enemies of the revolution were guillotined by the thousands.

Thermidorian Reaction

July 27, 1794

Revolt in the French Revolution against the Reign of Terror was initiated;deputies in the National Convention decreed the arrest of Maximilien Robespierre, Louis de Saint-Just, and other members of the Committee of Public Safety.

Directory

November 2, 1795 - November 10, 1799

French Directory succeeds the French National Convention as the government of Revolutionary France.