AP Euro Constitutionalism in England Chapter 16

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Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

Exercised great personal power in England, exemplified political shrewdness, flexibility, wise selection of ministers, clever manipulation of Parliament

James I

1603 - 1625

Well educated, experianced (served as King of Scotland for 35 years), not as interested in displaying majesty of monarchy and lacked common touch

Charles I Takes Throne

1625 - 1649

Ship Money

1629 - 1640

Charles I levied this tax on inland as well as coastal counties, many believed that this arbitrary and led to the Long Parliament

Charles dissolves Parliament

1629 - 1640

Attempted to govern without Parliament and to finance his government by arbitrary non-Parliamentary levies bringing the country to crisis

Puritans dissatisfied

1630 - 1640

Believed that the Reformation had not gone far enough, they wanted to purify the Anglican church from its elaborate ceremonies

William Laud Imposed New Church Organization

1637

Archbishop of Canterbury, attemped to impose two new elements on church organization in Scotland: a new prayer book and bishoprics which Presbyterians firmly rejected. This led to revolts

Long Parliament

1640 - 1660

Proceded to enact legislation that limited power of the monarch and made arbirtary gov't impossible

Triennial Act

1641

Passed by House of Commons which compelled king to summon Parliament every 3 years

English Civil War

1642 - 1649

Tested whether sovereignty in England was to reside in the king or in Parliament

Execution of King Charles

1649

Marks end of civil war and is severe blow to theory of divine right monarchy, kingship was abolished, commonwealth or republican gov't was proclaimed therefore the legislative power rested in the serving members of Parliament and the council of state

Interregnum

1649 - 1660

Separated two monarchical periods, witnessed England's solitary experience of military dictatorship

Navigation Act

1651

Cromwell's policy that all English goods must be transported in English Ships

Protectorate

1653 - 1658

Rule of Cromwell, which constituted military dictatorship in England, army prepared consitiution called "The Instrument of Government" which invested executive power in the Lord protector Cromwell and a council of state

Military Govenment Collapses

1658

Fed up with milatary rule the english longed for a return to civilian gov't, restoration of common law and social stability

Restoration of Monarchy

1660

Reestablished the monarchy in Charles II (eldest son of Charles I) at this time, both houses of Parliament are restored, along with Anglican churches, courts of law and local gov'ts

Charles Agreement with Louis XIV

1670

French king would give Charles 200000 pounds/ year in return for Charles to relax laws against Catholics, support French policy against Dutch and personally convert to Catholicism

Test Act

1673

Members of Parliament enacted this body of laws to compel religious unity, those who refuse the Eucharist of the COE will not be allowed to vote, preach, teach, go to school, etc

Cabel

1673

Named after its five members which served as Charles II's personal advisors and members of Parliament, gave rise to ministerial responsibility

James II

1685 - 1688

Succeed his brother, he appoint Catholics to positions in gov't and army, but later issued a declaration of indulgence granting religious freedom to all

Constitutional Monarchy Est.

1688 - 1689

The Glorious Revolution placed Sovereignty in Parliament and represented the upper classes, didn't really give the people a say in gov't

James II and his wife flee to France

1688

To become pensioners of Louis XIV

Bill of Rights

1688

The Cornerstone of modern British constitution, meaning the Law was to be made in Parliament and couldn't be suspended by the crown, no longer could the king get judicial decisions, freedom of worship for Protestants and Catholics

Glorious Revolution

1688 - 1689

Replaced one king with another without any bloodshed, restored diving right monarchy, established that sovereignty resided in the king and Parliament

William (Prince of Orange) and Mary (James' Protestant Daugher) crowned

1689