The Rise of the Nazi Party

Events

German Hyperinflation

June 1921 - January 1924

Beer Hall Putsch

8 November 1923 - 9 November 1923

On the night of November the 8th Hitler and his Nazi Party lead a Putsch (a coup) against the government in Munich in Germany. They took hundreds of people in a beer hall hostage and forced them to support the Nazi push for power. After some time the police were called in and after a gunfight where 16 Nazis and 3 police officers were killed Hitlers push for power was defeated.

Hitler Sentenced to Jail

1 April 1924 - 20 December 1924

After Hitlers trial that lasted several months he was sentenced to jail for five years, with the possibility for parole. He only ended up spending 9 months in jail after a lot of political pressure from members of the Nazi party outside of the jail. During his time in jail Hitler also wrote Mein Kampf with the assistance of his fellow prisoners Emil Maurice and Rudolf Hess. This book spread the Hitler's Nazi ideologies and helped Hitler later gain power and eventually become the Fuehrer of Germany.

Mein Kampf Published

1925

Mein Kampf was an autobiographical book written by Adolf Hitler that promoted and spread the Nazi Ideas and Ideologies. The book was extremely influential and sold 5.2 million copies by 1939.

Hitler Youth Founded

1926

1930 Election

14 September 1930

The Nazi party gains 18.3% of the votes. A very large climb from the 2.6% of the last election

1932 Election

27 July 1932

Nazi Party gains 37.3% of the votes

Further Elections held

6 November 1932

After a vote of no confidence in the government further elections were held and the Nazi party vote fell be 4%

Hitler invited to become Chancellor

30 January 1933

Hindenburg Issues a Decree for the protection of People and State

27 February 1933

This decree allows imprisonment without trial and abolished freedom of speech, press and public assembly. The Nazis use this to restrict campaigning from other parties and intimidate voters.

1933 Elections

5 March 1933

The Nazi party gain 43.9% of the vote and so they form a coalition with the Nationalist Party to deny the communists from taking seats that they had won.

The Enabling Act

23 March 1933

The Enabling Act gave Hitler dictatorial powers and gave the Nazi party the ability to change laws and the Constitution at will.

Night of the Long Knives

30 June 1934

Hitler used his paramilitary force, the SS, to murder around 180 SA members and over 200 other political opponents.

President Hindenburg dies

2 August 1934

Hitler assumes total power over Germany as the Fuhrer

2 August 1934

After Hindenburg's death Adolf Hitler assumed the role of Fuehrer (absolute ruler), giving him total control over Germany. It had been agreed to combine the roles of Chancellor and President and although Hindenburg wished the monarchy to be restored Hitler managed to suppress this. Prior to this he had also made sure he had the support of the German army by making them each personally swear an oath of loyalty to him.

Nuremberg Laws

15 September 1935

Under these new laws, Jews lost their German citizenships, as well as their political and social rights.