1914C.E. - Present Timeline

Krishna Persaud | Ms. Suter | Hour Two

East Asia

Sun Yat-sen (In Office)

1 January 1912 - 10 March 1912

first president and founding father of the Republic of China.

May Fourth Movement in China

1919

protesting against the Chinese government's weak response to the Treaty of Versailles

Communist China

Approx. 1927 - Approx. 1949

refers to the territories of China controlled by the Communist Party of China

Jiang Jieshi

1928 - 1975

Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975

Mukden Incident

1931

staged event engineered by Japanese military personnel as a pretext for the Japanese invasion in 1931 of northeastern China

The "Long March"

Approx. 1934 - Approx. 1935

military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China

Rape of Nanjing

Approx. 1937 - Approx. 1938

episode of mass murder and mass rape committed by Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing

Hideki Tojo

17 October 1941 - 22 July 1944

leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association, and the 40th Prime Minister of Japan during much of World War II, from October 17, 1941, to July 22, 1944

Mao Zedong

1945 - 1976

governed as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949, until his death in 1976

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

August 6, 1945 - August 9, 1945

Atomic bombs dropped, causing mass destruction

Kim Il Sung

1948 - 1994

Supreme leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Korean War

1950 - 1953

North Korea vs. South Korea... United Nations and United States aid South Korea, China aids North Korea

Great Leap Forward

1958 - 1962

economic and social campaign by the Communist Party of China

Cultural Revolution

1966 - Approx. 1976

massive upheaval launched by Chinese leader Mao Zedong to renew the spirit of revolution in China

Deng Xiaoping

1978 - 1989

Paramount leader of the People's Republic of China from 1978 until his retirement in 1989

Tiananmen Square

1989

popular national movement inspired by the Beijing protests during that period, sometimes referred to as the '89 Democracy Movement

Southeast Asia

Ho Chi Minh

1945 - 1969

Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister and president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

Vietnam War

1954 - 1975

North Vietnam vs. South Vietnam... North was Communist backed, South was Anti-Commuinist backed

Bandung Conference

1955

aims were to promote Afro-Asian economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism or neocolonialism by any nation. The conference was an important step toward the Non-Aligned Movement.

South Asia

Mohandas Gandhi

1869 - 1948

preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

1876 - 1948

Founder of Pakistan. Served as leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan's creation

Indira Gandhi

1917 - 1984

Central figure of the Indian National Congress party, and to date the only female Prime Minister of India

Amritsar Massacre

April 13, 1919

Punjab, were fired upon by troops of the British Indian Army

Independence of India

1947

Indian Independence Act grants India - and Pakistan - independence from the United Kingdom

Jawaharlal Nehru

August 1947 - May 1964

first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence

Middle East

Ataturk

1923 - 1938

founder of the Republic of Turkey

Birth of Israel

1948

Gamal Nassar

Approx. 1956 - Approx. 1970

Second President of Egypt, serving from 1956 until his death.

Anwar Sadat Becomes Egyptian President

09/28/1970

President of Egypt

Ayatollah Khomeini

Approx. 1979 - Approx. 1989

founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution

Yasser Arafat

1994 - 2004

President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) from 1994 to 2004

North/Central Asia

Europe

Nicholas I

1825 - 1855

Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855

Sigmund Freud

1856 - 1939

founder of psychoanalysis

Kaiser Wilhelm I

Approx. 1861 - Approx. 1888

King of Prussia and Germany's first Emperor

Benito Mussolini

1883 - 1945

leader of the National Fascist Party of Italy

John Maynard Keynes

June 5, 1883 - April 21, 1946

ideas fundamentally changed the theory and practice of macroeconomics and the economic policies of governments

Adolf Hitler

April 20, 1889 - April 30, 1945

leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945

Schlieffen Plan

Approx. 1905 - Approx. 1914

Germany's plan to invade France through Belgium

February Revolution

1917

led to the end of the Romanov Dynasty... First of two revolutions

Vladimir Lenin

1917 - 1924

founder of the Russian Communist Party, leader of the Bolshevik Revolution and architect and first head of the Soviet state.

October Revolution

1917

Bolsheviks gain control

Russian Civil War

Approx. 1918 - Approx. 1920

Red Army vs. White Army

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

3 march 1918

Ended Russia's participation in the Great War

League of Nations

1919

created after the First World War to provide a forum for resolving international disputes.

Treaty of Versailles

28 June 1919

Ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers

Joseph Stalin

1924 - 1952

leader of the Soviet Union

Mein Kampf

1925

outlines Hitler's political ideology and future plans for Germany

Stalin's Five Year Plan

1928 - 1932

Wanted to make an industrial powerhouse out of Russia

Spanish Civil War

1936 - 1939

Republicans vs. Nationalists

Munich Conference

1938

ceded the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia to Germany.

Winston Churchill

1940 - 1945

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1955

Battle of Stalingrad

1942 - Approx. 1943

Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad

D-Day

June 6 1944

Allied invasion of Normandy

Yalta and Potsdam Conferences

1945

Split Germany into four zones of occupation

Berlin Airlift

1948 - 1949

one of the first major international crises of the Cold War.

Nikita Khrushchev

1955 - 1964

Politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War.

Leonid Brezhnev

1964 - 1982

General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Mikhail Gorbachev

1985 - 1991

eighth and final leader of the Soviet Union,

Boris Yeltsin

May 29 1990

becomes President of Russia

Vladimir Putin

7 may 2012 - Present

current President of the Russian Federation

Africa

Nelson Mandela

1918 - 2013

Anti-apartheid revolutionary and politician who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.

Jomo Kenyatta

1963 - 1978

first President of Kenya.

Americas

Woodrow Wilson

1913 - 1921

28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921

Fourteen Points

1918

Woodrow Wilson's principles for peace after the Great War

Augusto Cesar Sandino

Approx. 1927 - Approx. 1933

Leader of a rebellion between 1927 and 1933 against the U.S. military occupation of Nicaragua.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

March 4, 1933 - April 12, 1945

32nd President of the United States

Harry S. Truman

1945 - 1953

33rd President of the United States, assuming the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt during the waning months of World War II. Wikipedia

Truman Doctrine

1947

United State's foreign policy created to counter Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War.

Marshall Plan

1948

United States's initiative to aid Western Europe

Oceania

Global

United Nations

1945 - Present

intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation

NATO and Warsaw Pact

1949

led to the expansion of military forces and their integration

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14 1962 - October 28 1962

13-day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union

EU/WTO/NAFTA (Founded)

Approx. 1993 - Approx. 1995

Cross National cooperation and agreements