Middle Ages Carter timeline

Events

Fall of Roman Empire

476 CE

Roman empire was considered important because it controlled most of Europe, and a great deal of culture and customs date back to this time. The fall of W. Roman Empire created a giant power vacuum that church,moved into, solidifying Christianity.

Beginning of Middle Ages

500 CE

Innovation and intellect was shown a lot. They created ploughs, watermills, and a printing press. They were also frowned upon called "Dark Ages" because the loss of many civilizations and widespread warfare amongst barbarians

Beginning of Christian Reconquista

711 CE

Took whole peninsula, permanently wide-spread of Christianity due to Muslims and Jews forced to convert or be expelled from country.

First Viking raid in England

793 CE

Not really positive found important because they conquered A LOT of land from England

Charlemangne crowned

800 CE

He represents an important continuation of Order and power in fallen Roman empire. He promoted unity within conquered territory. Promoted learning and preservation of text. He was crowned by the Pope which gave credence to power of church and setting stage for his civilization.

Charlemagne's empire renamed Holy Roman Empire

962 CE

The term "holy" was used by emperor Barbossa in 12th century. In response to the pope who technically called emperor one of his vassals emperor felt as highest sovereign on Earth.

Arithematical notation

975 CE

Advance in intellect

Hugh Capet founds Carpetian Dynasty

987 CE

First king in a long time that came to be so powerful. Notable due to him being first Carpetian king

Romanesque Art emerges from Frankish empire

1000 CE

Truly european unified cultural and achitectural style. Created varieties of arts and ornaments for Europe. Very original. and supplied local market with skills, art, and building material. Many can be found in churches. castles, and fortification today,

Gothic style of architecture

1010 CE

Original
Rational
Realistic

Canute unites England, Denmark and Norway

1016 CE

Canute in attempt to finish viking raids, he didn't rip out English aristocracy and replace it with his own men almost became famous Britain and apologized for old viking sins.

Canute divides N. empire to 3 sons

1035 CE

Only natural to Salic laws
Fundamentally luck and Darwinism

William 1 becomes Duke of Normandy

1035 CE

He was a conquerer because he invaded Maine and became count of Maine. He conquered land.

Little beginning of Agricultural Revolution (adopts astrolabe from Arabs)

1050 CE

Crop yield increased
Wool yield increased
Ready workforce

Great Schism

1054 CE

Split Roman Catholicism and Greek Orthodox.

Pope Gregory VII becomes Pope.

1072 CE

Foreshadows conflict between empire and papacy. Morals said church was led by god. Church authority and government can't elect pope.

Henry IV seek end of excommunication from Pope Gregory

1077 CE

Shows law & persecution was not a joke and Henry IV excommunicated because he disobeyed the Pope, and went against his laws of church.

Pope Urban II issues First Crusade

1093 CE

Conquered Jerusalem
IMPORTANT FOR CATHOLICS

Pope Eugene II issues second crusade

1144 CE

Purpose: defeat Muslims threatening to retake Holy lands
first sign of decay

Frederick I becomes KIng of Germany & later Holy Roman Emperor later

1152 CE

Established reputation of foremost African Americans
spokesperson & century
activist and orator (effective)

Invents windmills with vertical sails

1180 CE

Renewable energy
grinding grain
modern shape (gave)

Saladin conquers Jerusalem

1187 CE

Won lasting respect in West.
Christians thought justified launching Crusades

Phillip II, Henry II and Frederick I prepares for third Crusade

1190 CE

Didn't succeed but gained some rights for pilgrims to visit holy city again

Oxford scholars founds University of Cambridge

1209 CE

Scholared, educated people. They had an increased opportunity to achieve great potential

Fifth Crusade

1213 CE

Didn't succeed in gaining holy land

KIng John seals Magna Carta

1215 CE

guaranteed individual religious and political rights
placed limits on absolute power
confirm liberties of church & towns & cities & officials

Invention of spectacles

1290 CE

to see

First cannons appears in illustrations

1320 CE

Improves warfare and increases ability to conquer

Start of hundred years war

1337 CE

Expanded domains and power of kings in France

First paper mill in France

1340 CE

Improved current conditions.

Treaty of Bretigny

1360 CE

Ended 1st phase of hundred years war and made 9 years at peace

Steel crossbow introduced

1370

New advance to warfare

Treaty at Leulighen

1396 CE

Ended 2nd phase of hundred years war

English defeat French at battle of Crecy

1396 CE

Peasants defeated superior army

End of middle ages

Approx. 1400 CE

Same as beginning with advancements