Roman empire was considered important because it controlled most of Europe, and a great deal of culture and customs date back to this time. The fall of W. Roman Empire created a giant power vacuum that church,moved into, solidifying Christianity.
Innovation and intellect was shown a lot. They created ploughs, watermills, and a printing press. They were also frowned upon called "Dark Ages" because the loss of many civilizations and widespread warfare amongst barbarians
Took whole peninsula, permanently wide-spread of Christianity due to Muslims and Jews forced to convert or be expelled from country.
Not really positive found important because they conquered A LOT of land from England
He represents an important continuation of Order and power in fallen Roman empire. He promoted unity within conquered territory. Promoted learning and preservation of text. He was crowned by the Pope which gave credence to power of church and setting stage for his civilization.
The term "holy" was used by emperor Barbossa in 12th century. In response to the pope who technically called emperor one of his vassals emperor felt as highest sovereign on Earth.
Advance in intellect
First king in a long time that came to be so powerful. Notable due to him being first Carpetian king
Truly european unified cultural and achitectural style. Created varieties of arts and ornaments for Europe. Very original. and supplied local market with skills, art, and building material. Many can be found in churches. castles, and fortification today,
Canute in attempt to finish viking raids, he didn't rip out English aristocracy and replace it with his own men almost became famous Britain and apologized for old viking sins.
Only natural to Salic laws
Fundamentally luck and Darwinism
He was a conquerer because he invaded Maine and became count of Maine. He conquered land.
Crop yield increased
Wool yield increased
Split Roman Catholicism and Greek Orthodox.
Foreshadows conflict between empire and papacy. Morals said church was led by god. Church authority and government can't elect pope.
Shows law & persecution was not a joke and Henry IV excommunicated because he disobeyed the Pope, and went against his laws of church.
IMPORTANT FOR CATHOLICS
Purpose: defeat Muslims threatening to retake Holy lands
first sign of decay
Established reputation of foremost African Americans
spokesperson & century
activist and orator (effective)
modern shape (gave)
Won lasting respect in West.
Christians thought justified launching Crusades
Didn't succeed but gained some rights for pilgrims to visit holy city again
Scholared, educated people. They had an increased opportunity to achieve great potential
Didn't succeed in gaining holy land
guaranteed individual religious and political rights
placed limits on absolute power
confirm liberties of church & towns & cities & officials
Improves warfare and increases ability to conquer
Expanded domains and power of kings in France
Improved current conditions.
Ended 1st phase of hundred years war and made 9 years at peace
New advance to warfare
Ended 2nd phase of hundred years war
Peasants defeated superior army
Same as beginning with advancements