Music Lit Timeline


The Battle of Hastings

october 14th 1066

Fought between the Norman-French army of William, the Duke of Normandy, and an English army under the Anglo-Saxon King Harold Godwinson, beginning the Norman conquest of England. It took place approximately 7 miles northwest of Hastings, close to the present-day town of Battle, East Sussex, and was a decisive Norman victory.

Hildegard of Bingen

1098 - 1179

A German benedictine abbess,writer, composer, philosopher,christian mystic, visionary and polymath. she is considered to be the founder of scientific natural history in Germany

Bernart De Ventadorn

1135 - 1179

Was one of the finest troubadour poets and probably the most important musically; other troubadour and trouvére songs imitated his

Europeans first use compasses


Moniot d'Arras

1213 - 1239

Was a french composer and poet of the trouvére tradition. he was a monk of the Abbey of Arras in Northern France. his contemporaries included Adam de la Halle and Colin Muset. His songs were all monophonic songs in the tradition of pastoral romance and courtly love

Declaration of magna carta


The Magna Carta, or “Great Charter,” was arguably the most significant early influence on the extensive historical process that led to the rule of constitutional law today in the English-speaking world.

Adam de la Halle

Approx. 1245 - Approx. 1285

french born trouvére, poet and musician, who broke with the long established tradition of writing liturgical poetry and music. considered to be an early founder of secular theatre in France. he was a member of the confrérie des jongleurs et bourgeois d'arras

Battle of Yamen

March 19th 1279

considered to be the last stand of the Song dynasty against the invading Mongol Yuan Dynasty. Although outnumbered 10:1, the Yuan navy delivered a crushing tactical and strategic victory, destroying the Song.

Guillaume de Machaut

1300 - 1377

was a medieval french poet and composer

The Great Famine

1315 - 1317

the first of a series of large-scale crises that struck Europe early in the fourteenth century

The beginning of the hundred years' war


was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, rulers of the Kingdom of France, over the succession of the French throne

The bubonic plauge begins

1347 - 1350

killed about 1.5 million people from the total 4 million in Europe in that time. Since there was no medical knowledge about the disease, there was no way of stopping it from spreading and killing.

The black death

1348 - 1350

one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe

The great schism

1378 - 1417

The East–West Schism, between the Eastern Church and the Western Church in 1054. The Western Schism, a split within the Roman Catholic Church

Guillaume Dufay

1400 - 1474

Born and bred in the North of France near modern Belgium

The Medici family becomes head of the city-state of florence


Josquin De Prez

1440 - 1521

he combined many contemporary styles in music, his originality and his ability to unveil the meaning and emotions of a text through music

Johann Gutenburg invents the printing press


The end of the Hundred Years' war


Leonardo Da Vinci paints the last supper


A 15th century mural painting in Milan created by Leonardo da Vinci for his patron Duke Ludovico Sforza and his duchess Beatrice d'Este. It represents the scene of The Last Supper from the final days of Jesus as it is told in the Gospel of John 13:21, when Jesus announces that one of his Twelve Apostles would betray him.

Michelangelo paints the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

1508 - 1512

Raphael paints School of Athens

1510 CE - 1511 CE

One of the most famous frescoes by the Italian Renaissance artist Raphael. It was painted as a part of Raphael's commission to decorate with frescoes the rooms now known as the Stanze di Raffaello, in the Apostolic Palace in the Vatican. The School of Athens the second painting to be finished there, after La Disputa, on the opposite wall. The picture has long been seen as "Raphael's masterpiece and the perfect embodiment of the classical spirit of the High Renaissance."

Ferdinand begins his voyage around the world


Start of the European wars of Religion

1524 - 1648

were a series of wars waged in Europe, following the onset of the Protestant Reformation in Western and Northern Europe. Although sometimes unconnected, all of these wars were strongly influenced by the religious change of the period, and the conflict and rivalry that it produced.

Giovanni pierluigi da palestrina

1525 - 1594

was an Italian composer of sacred music and the best known 16th century representative of the Roman school of musical composition

Spain declares bankruptcy for the first time


Spain became the first sovereign nation in history to declare bankruptcy.

Claudio Montevardi

1567 - 1643

known for linking the renaissance to the baroque period. much of his early years were spent composing madrigals; nine book in total

Thomas Weelkes

1575 - 1623

never rose above the position of provincial cathedral organist- choirmaster; when the cathedral records assert that he became noted and found for a common drunckard and notorious swearer and blasphemer

Girolamo Frescobaldi

1583 - 1643

was a musician from Ferrara, one of the most important composers of keyboard music in the late Renaissance and early Baroque periods

Samuel Scheidt

1587 - 1653

was a German composer, organist and teacher

The thirty years' war

1618 - 1648

Happened partially as a result of the ongoing struggle between the Protestants and the Catholics, but that wasn't all. Political issues were also very evidently a major reason for this long-lasting war which finally came to an end in 1648, in the part of Europe that we today know as Germany.

The pilgrims arrive in North America


A group of English Separatists, who were a group of people who dissociated themselves from the Church of England, because they were not convinced that the church had completed the work of Reformation.
The ship of these people landed on the present day Massachusetts, following which there was formed a permanent settlement by the name of Plymouth Colony.

New York was discoved


Discovered by Henry Hudson; New York first came into existence because the Dutch settles there.
The Hudson River, Hudson Bay, and Hudson Strait, are all named in honor of Henry Hudson.

Jean- Baptiste Lully

1632 - 1687

was an Italian-born French composer, instrumentalist, as well as a dancer. He spent most of his life working on the court of King Louis XIV of France where he composed mainly theater music though he is known for a small body of sacred music

Start of the english civil war

1641 - 1651

was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists over, principally, the manner of England's government
as a result King Charles I was executed

The death of Galileo Galitei


Was an Italian polymath: astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician. He played a major role in the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century.

Johann Pachelbel

1653 - 1706

a German composer, organist, ad teacher who brought the South German organ tradition to its peak

Arcangelo Corelli

1653 - 1713

an Italian violinist and composer. his music was key in the development of the modern genres of sonota and concerto

Henry Purcell

September 1659 - November 1695

an english composer. incorporated italian and french stylistic elements into hi compositions

Alessandro Scarlatti

1660 - 1725

was an Italian composer, especially famous for his operas and chamber cantatas. He is considered the founder of the Neapolitan school of opera. He was the father of two other composers, Domenico Scarlatti and Pietro Filippo Scarlatti.

Great fire of London

September 2nd 1666 - september 5th 1666

The fire gutted the medieval City of London inside the old Roman city wall.

William III gets married


Antonio Vivaldi

1678 - 1741

was an Italian composer, virtuoso violinist, teacher and cleric. Born in Venice, he is recognized as one of the greatest Baroque composers, and his influence during his lifetime was widespread across Europe.

Domenico Scarlatti

1685 - 1757

was an Italian composer who spent much of his life in the service of the Portuguese and Spanish royal families

Johann Sebastian Bach

1685 - 1750

was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He enriched established German styles through his skill in counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organisation, and the adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France

Salem Witch Trials


A series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts. The trials resulted in the executions of twenty people, fourteen of them women, and all but one by hanging. Five others including two infant children died in prison.