The French and Spaniards began to build colonies in the 1500s on the east coast of America. Those colonies would later become the United States in 1607.
By 1630 tensions began start between the British and America.
During the 16-17 hundreds African Slaves began to arrive in America.
The American revolution had been won by the Americans and the Boston tea act was also committed showing Americans what freedom is.
The second war against the British for the Americans.
Over 7 million Irish came to America between 1870 and 1920
-Between this time most most of the people came from Ireland, Germany, and England. Most people that came from Asia during this timeframe came entered the country through the west coast but 70% of immigrants came in from New York and settled close or in New York.
American started to become more wealthy with work wages going up and the automobile industry began to rise in America.
When the American stock market crashed in October 1929 it causes the loss of over one fourth of American jobs.
Even though war had been started the war also brought America's economy out of the depression when many Americans joined the military and factory jobs to support the war effort.
America tried to avoid the war that had started in Europe and Asian in the late 1930s but was dragged in quickly when Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
As the American economy was still being boosted many racial groups like African Americans and Hispanics began to demand the rights given to them in the constitution. Also women began to demand equality and rights for them as well.
-During the WW2 immigration to the US dropped but after the war the US began to allow refugees from Europe and the Soviet Union. This didn’t just bring another flow of immigrants from Europe but a great amount of Cubans. This later sparked the Cuban-American conflict in 1959.
The Cold War was started with Russia in 1948.
When America intervened in Vietnam it began to breakdown the Cold war consensus.
Today the US has tightened on immigration laws and the flow of immigrants from Europe has stop due to the ending of the world wars. So today many immigrants come from Latin America and Asia.
The Naturalization Act was passed, which gives immigrants the ability to apply for citizenship under the conditions that they are a free white person, have a good character, and have lived in the United States for 2 years or more.
A new law called the Alien and Sedition Acts was passed that changed naturalization laws such that it requires 14 years of US residency. Deportation of dangerous aliens was also a provision of this new law.
Federal legislation now requires that immigration is documented and also sets rules for US passengers going to Europe.
Congress passed the Contract Labor Law, which provisions for the recruitment of labor from foreign countries.
The decision of Henderson v. Mayor of New York invalidated all state laws regarding immigration and gave Congress the power to regulate “foreign commerce”. Congress used this power to prevent the immigration of foreign convicts and prostitutes.
The Chinese Exclusion Act was passed, which barred the immigration of Chinese people for 10 years and prevented Chinese people from getting U.S. citizenship. Convicts, lunatics, and people unable to care for themselves were not allowed to immigrate. A 50 cent tax was also imposed on every immigrant.
The Contract Labor Law made it illegal to use unskilled immigrants as laborers. This regulation did not apply to immigrants crossing over land borders.
The U.S. Treasury Department created the Office of Immigration. New immigration laws include barring people who need monetary assistance for their transit and the obligation of steamships to return ineligible immigrants.
Congress renewed the Chinese Exclusion Act indefinitely.
The tax for immigrants is raised again, and entry is denied to people with mental defects, tuberculosis, and unaccompanied children.
A new Immigration Act required literacy tests for immigrants older than 16 and excluded all immigrants from Asia.
The Quota Act was passed, which limited immigration to 350,000 people annually.
The Border Patrol was established to combat illegal immigration and smuggling of alcohol.
Asian immigrants were barred again and reduced the immigration limit to 150,000 people through the National Origins Act.
The Chinese Exclusion Act was repealed for the purpose of our alliance in WW2, but it only allowed for 105 aliens per year.
Procedures were adopted that allowed the immigration of foreign spouses and children of members of the military.
The Displaced Persons Act was introduced during WW2 to allow 400,000 refugees into the US. These refugees were admitted as part of the quota. Jews and Catholics were discriminated against by this act.
The ability of the government to deport and exclude aliens is expanded, and immigrants are required to report their address to the government annually.
Race was removed as a bar for immigration by the Immigration and Nationality Act.
The law passed in 1948 that allowed for refugees was expanded to admit an additional 200,000 people.
The quotas for separate countries were abolished by the Hart-Celler Act, which created caps for the eastern hemisphere (170,000 people) and western hemisphere (120,000). Immigrants with critical skills, artistic excellence, and refugee status were preferred.
A global cap for immigrants of 290,000 people was established.
Refugees were processed separately from immigrants with the Refugee Act, and the global cap on immigrants is reduced to 270,000 people annually.
President Ronald Reagan endorsed and passed the Immigration Reform and Control Act, which allowed undocumented immigrants an opportunity to gain legal immigration status. This also gave 3 million undocumented immigrants amnesty.
The Immigration Act limits immigration of unskilled workers to a maximum of 10,000 people annually. This also created a lottery system of “diversity” to encourage less people from represented countries to immigrate. The cap for immigrants was raised to 700,000 people annually.
After terrorist attacks on the US, the Department of Homeland Security was created and bore the responsibilities of customs and immigration.
Over 1,000 km of fencing along the US-Mexico border is authorized by the Secure Fence Act.
President Barack Obama signed an executive order that allowed several hundred thousand undocumented immigrants to remain in the country without worrying about deportation.
1948 policy is amended and 200,000 more refugees are let in.